Abstract

A broadly tunable terahertz Solc-type birefringence filter is demonstrated. The first central passband frequency of the filter can be continuously tuned from 0.176 to 0.793THz using magnetically controlled birefringence in nematic liquid crystals. The insertion loss of the present device is about 5dB.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. F. Goldsmith, Proc. IEEE 80, 1729 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Tonouchi, Nat. Photonics 1, 97 (2007) and references therein.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. F. Yang and J. R. Sambles, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3717 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. D. Drysdale, I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, E. H. Linfield, W. R. Tribe, and D. R. S. Cumming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5173 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C.-L. Pan, C.-F. Hsieh, R.-P. Pan, M. Tanaka, F. Miyamaru, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, Opt. Express 13, 3921 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  16. C.-Y. Chen, C.-F. Hsieh, Y.-F. Lin, R. P. Pan, and C.-L. Pan, Opt. Express 12, 2630 (2004).
  17. F. J. Kahn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 386 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  18. P. G. de Gennes and J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals, 2nd ed. (Oxford U. Press, 1983).

2007

M. Tonouchi, Nat. Photonics 1, 97 (2007) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

2006

C.-Y. Chen, C.-L. Pan, C.-F. Hsieh, Y.-F. Lin, and R. P. Pan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 101107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

C.-Y. Chen, C.-F. Hsieh, Y.-F. Lin, R. P. Pan, and C.-L. Pan, Opt. Express 12, 2630 (2004).

T. D. Drysdale, I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, E. H. Linfield, W. R. Tribe, and D. R. S. Cumming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5173 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

F. Yang and J. R. Sambles, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3717 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, and P. Dawson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1992

P. F. Goldsmith, Proc. IEEE 80, 1729 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1980

J.-L. Leroy, J. Opt. (Paris) 11, 293 (1980).

1979

D. A. Pinnow, R. L. Abrams, J. F. Lotspeich, D. M. Henderson, T. K. Plant, R. R. Stephens, and C. M. Walker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 391 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1975

H. A. Tarry, Electron. Lett. 11, 471 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1973

F. J. Kahn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 386 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1968

B. M. Schiffman and L. Young, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 16, 351 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1965

1958

Abrams, R. L.

D. A. Pinnow, R. L. Abrams, J. F. Lotspeich, D. M. Henderson, T. K. Plant, R. R. Stephens, and C. M. Walker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 391 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Baker, C.

T. D. Drysdale, I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, E. H. Linfield, W. R. Tribe, and D. R. S. Cumming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5173 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baumgärtner, S.

I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, and P. Dawson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.-Y.

C.-Y. Chen, C.-L. Pan, C.-F. Hsieh, Y.-F. Lin, and R. P. Pan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 101107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C.-Y. Chen, C.-F. Hsieh, Y.-F. Lin, R. P. Pan, and C.-L. Pan, Opt. Express 12, 2630 (2004).

Cumming, D. R. S.

T. D. Drysdale, I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, E. H. Linfield, W. R. Tribe, and D. R. S. Cumming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5173 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, P.

I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, and P. Dawson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

de Gennes, P. G.

P. G. de Gennes and J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals, 2nd ed. (Oxford U. Press, 1983).

Dressel, M.

Drysdale, T. D.

T. D. Drysdale, I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, E. H. Linfield, W. R. Tribe, and D. R. S. Cumming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5173 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Duvillaret, L.

Evans, J. W.

Feldmann, J.

I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, and P. Dawson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Goldsmith, P. F.

P. F. Goldsmith, Proc. IEEE 80, 1729 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gregory, I. S.

T. D. Drysdale, I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, E. H. Linfield, W. R. Tribe, and D. R. S. Cumming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5173 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hangyo, M.

Hecker, N. E.

I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, and P. Dawson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hempel, M.

I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, and P. Dawson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Henderson, D. M.

D. A. Pinnow, R. L. Abrams, J. F. Lotspeich, D. M. Henderson, T. K. Plant, R. R. Stephens, and C. M. Walker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 391 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, C.-F.

C.-Y. Chen, C.-L. Pan, C.-F. Hsieh, Y.-F. Lin, and R. P. Pan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 101107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C.-L. Pan, C.-F. Hsieh, R.-P. Pan, M. Tanaka, F. Miyamaru, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, Opt. Express 13, 3921 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-Y. Chen, C.-F. Hsieh, Y.-F. Lin, R. P. Pan, and C.-L. Pan, Opt. Express 12, 2630 (2004).

Kahn, F. J.

F. J. Kahn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 386 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Koch, M.

I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, and P. Dawson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kuzel, P.

Leroy, J.-L.

J.-L. Leroy, J. Opt. (Paris) 11, 293 (1980).

Libon, I. H.

I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, and P. Dawson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y.-F.

C.-Y. Chen, C.-L. Pan, C.-F. Hsieh, Y.-F. Lin, and R. P. Pan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 101107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C.-Y. Chen, C.-F. Hsieh, Y.-F. Lin, R. P. Pan, and C.-L. Pan, Opt. Express 12, 2630 (2004).

Linfield, E. H.

T. D. Drysdale, I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, E. H. Linfield, W. R. Tribe, and D. R. S. Cumming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5173 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lotspeich, J. F.

D. A. Pinnow, R. L. Abrams, J. F. Lotspeich, D. M. Henderson, T. K. Plant, R. R. Stephens, and C. M. Walker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 391 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Miyamaru, F.

Nemec, H.

Pan, C.-L.

C.-Y. Chen, C.-L. Pan, C.-F. Hsieh, Y.-F. Lin, and R. P. Pan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 101107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C.-L. Pan, C.-F. Hsieh, R.-P. Pan, M. Tanaka, F. Miyamaru, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, Opt. Express 13, 3921 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-Y. Chen, C.-F. Hsieh, Y.-F. Lin, R. P. Pan, and C.-L. Pan, Opt. Express 12, 2630 (2004).

Pan, R. P.

C.-Y. Chen, C.-L. Pan, C.-F. Hsieh, Y.-F. Lin, and R. P. Pan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 101107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C.-Y. Chen, C.-F. Hsieh, Y.-F. Lin, R. P. Pan, and C.-L. Pan, Opt. Express 12, 2630 (2004).

Pan, R.-P.

Pashkin, A.

Pinnow, D. A.

D. A. Pinnow, R. L. Abrams, J. F. Lotspeich, D. M. Henderson, T. K. Plant, R. R. Stephens, and C. M. Walker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 391 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Plant, T. K.

D. A. Pinnow, R. L. Abrams, J. F. Lotspeich, D. M. Henderson, T. K. Plant, R. R. Stephens, and C. M. Walker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 391 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Prost, J.

P. G. de Gennes and J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals, 2nd ed. (Oxford U. Press, 1983).

Sambles, J. R.

F. Yang and J. R. Sambles, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3717 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schiffman, B. M.

B. M. Schiffman and L. Young, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 16, 351 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Sebastian, M. T.

Solc, I.

Stephens, R. R.

D. A. Pinnow, R. L. Abrams, J. F. Lotspeich, D. M. Henderson, T. K. Plant, R. R. Stephens, and C. M. Walker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 391 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, M.

Tani, M.

Tarry, H. A.

H. A. Tarry, Electron. Lett. 11, 471 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Tonouchi, M.

M. Tonouchi, Nat. Photonics 1, 97 (2007) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Tribe, W. R.

T. D. Drysdale, I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, E. H. Linfield, W. R. Tribe, and D. R. S. Cumming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5173 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Walker, C. M.

D. A. Pinnow, R. L. Abrams, J. F. Lotspeich, D. M. Henderson, T. K. Plant, R. R. Stephens, and C. M. Walker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 391 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Yang, F.

F. Yang and J. R. Sambles, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3717 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystal: Jones Calculus and its Application to Birefringent Optical Systems (Wiley, 1984).

Yeh, P.

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystal: Jones Calculus and its Application to Birefringent Optical Systems (Wiley, 1984).

Young, L.

B. M. Schiffman and L. Young, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 16, 351 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, and P. Dawson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Yang and J. R. Sambles, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3717 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Drysdale, I. S. Gregory, C. Baker, E. H. Linfield, W. R. Tribe, and D. R. S. Cumming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5173 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C.-Y. Chen, C.-L. Pan, C.-F. Hsieh, Y.-F. Lin, and R. P. Pan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 101107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Pinnow, R. L. Abrams, J. F. Lotspeich, D. M. Henderson, T. K. Plant, R. R. Stephens, and C. M. Walker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 391 (1979).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Kahn, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 386 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

H. A. Tarry, Electron. Lett. 11, 471 (1975).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.

B. M. Schiffman and L. Young, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 16, 351 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (Paris)

J.-L. Leroy, J. Opt. (Paris) 11, 293 (1980).

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

Nat. Photonics

M. Tonouchi, Nat. Photonics 1, 97 (2007) and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

C.-L. Pan, C.-F. Hsieh, R.-P. Pan, M. Tanaka, F. Miyamaru, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, Opt. Express 13, 3921 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-Y. Chen, C.-F. Hsieh, Y.-F. Lin, R. P. Pan, and C.-L. Pan, Opt. Express 12, 2630 (2004).

Opt. Lett.

Proc. IEEE

P. F. Goldsmith, Proc. IEEE 80, 1729 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Other

P. G. de Gennes and J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals, 2nd ed. (Oxford U. Press, 1983).

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystal: Jones Calculus and its Application to Birefringent Optical Systems (Wiley, 1984).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the LC-based tunable THz Solc filter. The insets (a) and (b) show two different ways to apply the magnetic field on the same tunable LC THz retarders.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Example of the transmittance of the broadband THz pulse through the LC Solc filter. The circles are experimental data. The solid and dashed curves are theoretical predictions according to Eq. (2) (a) with and (b) without the unequal imaginary indices taken into account.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Zeroth-order central frequencies of the filter versus rotation angle θ between the magnetic field and the z axis. The circles are experimental data. The curve is the theoretical prediction according to Eq. (1).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temporal profile of a THz pulse transmitted through the LC Solc filter and reference LC cells.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

f c = ( 2 m + 1 ) c 2 ( n e n o ) d , m = 0 , 1 , 2 , 3 , ,
T = tan 2 ρ cos χ sin N χ sin χ 2 .

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