Abstract

We describe high-speed Fourier domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) using optical demultiplexers (ODs) for spectral dispersion. The OD enables separation of a narrow spectral band of 14GHz (0.11nm) from a broadband incident light at 256 different frequencies in 25.0GHz intervals centered at 192.2THz (1559.8nm). OCT imaging of 60,000,000 axial scans per second was achieved through parallel signal acquisition using 256 balanced photoreceivers to simultaneously detect all the output signals from the ODs in a Fourier domain OCT system. OCT imaging at a 16kHz frame rate, 1100 A-lines per frame, 3mm depth range, and 23μm resolution was demonstrated using a resonant scanner for lateral scanning.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

2006

R. Huber, D. C. Adler, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 31, 2975 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Moon and D. Y. Kim, Opt. Express 14, 11575 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Jayavel, T. Amano, D. Choi, H. Furukawa, H. Hiro-Oka, K. Asaka, and K. Ohbayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L1317 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2002

K. Takada, M. Abe, T. Shibata, and K. Okamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 59 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

Y. Hida, Y. Hibino, T. Kitoh, Y. Inoue, M. Itoh, T. Shibata, A. Sugita, and A. Himeno, Electron. Lett. 37, 576 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1991

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Abe, M.

K. Takada, M. Abe, T. Shibata, and K. Okamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 59 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Adler, D. C.

Amano, T.

P. Jayavel, T. Amano, D. Choi, H. Furukawa, H. Hiro-Oka, K. Asaka, and K. Ohbayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L1317 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Amano, H. Hiro-Oka, D. Choi, H. Furukawa, F. Kano, M. Takeda, M. Nakanishi, K. Shimizu, and K. Ohbayashi, Appl. Opt. 44, 808 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Asaka, K.

P. Jayavel, T. Amano, D. Choi, H. Furukawa, H. Hiro-Oka, K. Asaka, and K. Ohbayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L1317 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brezinski, M. E.

M. E. Brezinski, Optical Coherence Tomography Principles and Applications (Academic, 2006), p. 114.

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choi, D.

P. Jayavel, T. Amano, D. Choi, H. Furukawa, H. Hiro-Oka, K. Asaka, and K. Ohbayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L1317 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Amano, H. Hiro-Oka, D. Choi, H. Furukawa, F. Kano, M. Takeda, M. Nakanishi, K. Shimizu, and K. Ohbayashi, Appl. Opt. 44, 808 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, J. G.

R. Huber, D. C. Adler, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 31, 2975 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Furukawa, H.

P. Jayavel, T. Amano, D. Choi, H. Furukawa, H. Hiro-Oka, K. Asaka, and K. Ohbayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L1317 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Amano, H. Hiro-Oka, D. Choi, H. Furukawa, F. Kano, M. Takeda, M. Nakanishi, K. Shimizu, and K. Ohbayashi, Appl. Opt. 44, 808 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hee, M. R.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hibino, Y.

Y. Hida, Y. Hibino, T. Kitoh, Y. Inoue, M. Itoh, T. Shibata, A. Sugita, and A. Himeno, Electron. Lett. 37, 576 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hida, Y.

Y. Hida, Y. Hibino, T. Kitoh, Y. Inoue, M. Itoh, T. Shibata, A. Sugita, and A. Himeno, Electron. Lett. 37, 576 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Himeno, A.

Y. Hida, Y. Hibino, T. Kitoh, Y. Inoue, M. Itoh, T. Shibata, A. Sugita, and A. Himeno, Electron. Lett. 37, 576 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hiro-Oka, H.

P. Jayavel, T. Amano, D. Choi, H. Furukawa, H. Hiro-Oka, K. Asaka, and K. Ohbayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L1317 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Amano, H. Hiro-Oka, D. Choi, H. Furukawa, F. Kano, M. Takeda, M. Nakanishi, K. Shimizu, and K. Ohbayashi, Appl. Opt. 44, 808 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, D.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huber, R.

Inoue, Y.

Y. Hida, Y. Hibino, T. Kitoh, Y. Inoue, M. Itoh, T. Shibata, A. Sugita, and A. Himeno, Electron. Lett. 37, 576 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, M.

Y. Hida, Y. Hibino, T. Kitoh, Y. Inoue, M. Itoh, T. Shibata, A. Sugita, and A. Himeno, Electron. Lett. 37, 576 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Izatt, J. A.

Jayavel, P.

P. Jayavel, T. Amano, D. Choi, H. Furukawa, H. Hiro-Oka, K. Asaka, and K. Ohbayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L1317 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kano, F.

Kim, D. Y.

Kitoh, T.

Y. Hida, Y. Hibino, T. Kitoh, Y. Inoue, M. Itoh, T. Shibata, A. Sugita, and A. Himeno, Electron. Lett. 37, 576 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moon, S.

Nakanishi, M.

Ohbayashi, K.

P. Jayavel, T. Amano, D. Choi, H. Furukawa, H. Hiro-Oka, K. Asaka, and K. Ohbayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L1317 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Amano, H. Hiro-Oka, D. Choi, H. Furukawa, F. Kano, M. Takeda, M. Nakanishi, K. Shimizu, and K. Ohbayashi, Appl. Opt. 44, 808 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okamoto, K.

K. Takada, M. Abe, T. Shibata, and K. Okamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 59 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, Fundamentals of Optical Waveguides (Academic, 2006).

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schuman, J. S.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shibata, T.

K. Takada, M. Abe, T. Shibata, and K. Okamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 59 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hida, Y. Hibino, T. Kitoh, Y. Inoue, M. Itoh, T. Shibata, A. Sugita, and A. Himeno, Electron. Lett. 37, 576 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, K.

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sugita, A.

Y. Hida, Y. Hibino, T. Kitoh, Y. Inoue, M. Itoh, T. Shibata, A. Sugita, and A. Himeno, Electron. Lett. 37, 576 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Swanson, E. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takada, K.

K. Takada, M. Abe, T. Shibata, and K. Okamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 59 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, M.

Tao, Y. K.

Zhao, M.

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

Y. Hida, Y. Hibino, T. Kitoh, Y. Inoue, M. Itoh, T. Shibata, A. Sugita, and A. Himeno, Electron. Lett. 37, 576 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

K. Takada, M. Abe, T. Shibata, and K. Okamoto, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 59 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

P. Jayavel, T. Amano, D. Choi, H. Furukawa, H. Hiro-Oka, K. Asaka, and K. Ohbayashi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L1317 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Science

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

M. E. Brezinski, Optical Coherence Tomography Principles and Applications (Academic, 2006), p. 114.

K. Okamoto, Fundamentals of Optical Waveguides (Academic, 2006).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the OD-OCT system: CP, coupler; ATT, attenuator; C, circulator; RS, resonant scanner; G, galvano mirror; L, lens; S, sample; RM, reference mirror; OD, optical demultiplexer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

PSFs at different imaging depths (top). Corrected interferogram (bottom left) and PSF at a depth of 287 μ m (bottom right).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a)–(d) OCT images of an acryl rod at different gains. (e)–(h) OCT images of human finger skin at different gains. (i) Rendered 3D OCT image of finger skin.

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