Abstract

To demonstrate light-path manipulation in arbitrary shapes we fabricated coupled-resonator optical waveguides (CROWs) having a 90°-corner structure on a lithographically patterned substrate. The spectra of propagation light within the CROWs were directly measured by guide-collection-mode near-field scanning optical microscopy. The spectra revealed that the propagation light through the CROWs has a larger transverse-magnetic polarization mode than a transverse-electric (TE) one. The most plausible cause of the lower intensity in the TE mode is that light leaks out to the Si substrate.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2008 (2)

T. Mitsui, Y. Wakayama, T. Onodera, Y. Takaya, and H. Oikawa, Nano Lett. 8, 853 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Onodera, Y. Takaya, T. Mitsui, Y. Wakayama, and H. Oikawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 1404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (4)

Y. Hara, T. Mukaiyama, K. Takeda, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203905 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. M. Möller, U. Woggon, and M. V. Artemyev, Opt. Lett. 30, 2116 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kraus, L. Malaquin, E. Delamarche, H. Schmid, N. D. Spencer, and H. Wolf, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 17, 2438 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Akiyama, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rakich, K. Wada, E. Michel, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and L. C. Kimerling, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2271 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

C. J. Barrelet, A. B. Greytak, and C. M. Lieber, Nano Lett. 4, 1981 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Astratov, J. P. Franchak, and S. P. Ashili, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5508 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. Talneau, L. Le Gouezigou, N. Bouadma, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and M. Agio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

A. van Blaaderen, R. Ruel, and P. Wiltzius, Nature 385, 321 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

K. Lieberman, N. Ben-Ami, and A. Lewis, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 3567 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

R. E. Benner, P. W. Barber, J. F. Owen, and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 475 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Agio, M.

A. Talneau, L. Le Gouezigou, N. Bouadma, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and M. Agio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Akiyama, S.

Artemyev, M. V.

Ashili, S. P.

V. N. Astratov, J. P. Franchak, and S. P. Ashili, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5508 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Astratov, V. N.

A. M. Kapitonov and V. N. Astratov, Opt. Lett. 32, 409 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. N. Astratov, J. P. Franchak, and S. P. Ashili, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5508 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Backman, V.

Barber, P. W.

R. E. Benner, P. W. Barber, J. F. Owen, and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 475 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Barrelet, C. J.

C. J. Barrelet, A. B. Greytak, and C. M. Lieber, Nano Lett. 4, 1981 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ben-Ami, N.

K. Lieberman, N. Ben-Ami, and A. Lewis, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 3567 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Benner, R. E.

R. E. Benner, P. W. Barber, J. F. Owen, and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 475 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Bouadma, N.

A. Talneau, L. Le Gouezigou, N. Bouadma, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and M. Agio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. K.

R. E. Benner, P. W. Barber, J. F. Owen, and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 475 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

Delamarche, E.

T. Kraus, L. Malaquin, E. Delamarche, H. Schmid, N. D. Spencer, and H. Wolf, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 17, 2438 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Franchak, J. P.

V. N. Astratov, J. P. Franchak, and S. P. Ashili, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5508 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Greytak, A. B.

C. J. Barrelet, A. B. Greytak, and C. M. Lieber, Nano Lett. 4, 1981 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hara, Y.

Y. Hara, T. Mukaiyama, K. Takeda, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203905 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haus, H. A.

Ippen, E. P.

Kafesaki, M.

A. Talneau, L. Le Gouezigou, N. Bouadma, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and M. Agio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kapitonov, A. M.

Kimerling, L. C.

Kraus, T.

T. Kraus, L. Malaquin, E. Delamarche, H. Schmid, N. D. Spencer, and H. Wolf, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 17, 2438 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kuwata-Gonokami, M.

Y. Hara, T. Mukaiyama, K. Takeda, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203905 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Le Gouezigou, L.

A. Talneau, L. Le Gouezigou, N. Bouadma, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and M. Agio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, R. K.

Lewis, A.

K. Lieberman, N. Ben-Ami, and A. Lewis, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 3567 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lieber, C. M.

C. J. Barrelet, A. B. Greytak, and C. M. Lieber, Nano Lett. 4, 1981 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lieberman, K.

K. Lieberman, N. Ben-Ami, and A. Lewis, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 3567 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Malaquin, L.

T. Kraus, L. Malaquin, E. Delamarche, H. Schmid, N. D. Spencer, and H. Wolf, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 17, 2438 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Michel, E.

Mitsui, T.

T. Onodera, Y. Takaya, T. Mitsui, Y. Wakayama, and H. Oikawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 1404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Mitsui, Y. Wakayama, T. Onodera, Y. Takaya, and H. Oikawa, Nano Lett. 8, 853 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Möller, B. M.

Mukaiyama, T.

Y. Hara, T. Mukaiyama, K. Takeda, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203905 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oikawa, H.

T. Onodera, Y. Takaya, T. Mitsui, Y. Wakayama, and H. Oikawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 1404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Mitsui, Y. Wakayama, T. Onodera, Y. Takaya, and H. Oikawa, Nano Lett. 8, 853 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Onodera, T.

T. Onodera, Y. Takaya, T. Mitsui, Y. Wakayama, and H. Oikawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 1404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Mitsui, Y. Wakayama, T. Onodera, Y. Takaya, and H. Oikawa, Nano Lett. 8, 853 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Owen, J. F.

R. E. Benner, P. W. Barber, J. F. Owen, and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 475 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Popovic, M. A.

Rakich, P. T.

Ruel, R.

A. van Blaaderen, R. Ruel, and P. Wiltzius, Nature 385, 321 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

Schmid, H.

T. Kraus, L. Malaquin, E. Delamarche, H. Schmid, N. D. Spencer, and H. Wolf, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 17, 2438 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

A. Talneau, L. Le Gouezigou, N. Bouadma, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and M. Agio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Spencer, N. D.

T. Kraus, L. Malaquin, E. Delamarche, H. Schmid, N. D. Spencer, and H. Wolf, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 17, 2438 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Taflove, A.

Takaya, Y.

T. Mitsui, Y. Wakayama, T. Onodera, Y. Takaya, and H. Oikawa, Nano Lett. 8, 853 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Onodera, Y. Takaya, T. Mitsui, Y. Wakayama, and H. Oikawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 1404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, K.

Y. Hara, T. Mukaiyama, K. Takeda, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203905 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Talneau, A.

A. Talneau, L. Le Gouezigou, N. Bouadma, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and M. Agio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

van Blaaderen, A.

A. van Blaaderen, R. Ruel, and P. Wiltzius, Nature 385, 321 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wada, K.

Wakayama, Y.

T. Onodera, Y. Takaya, T. Mitsui, Y. Wakayama, and H. Oikawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 1404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Mitsui, Y. Wakayama, T. Onodera, Y. Takaya, and H. Oikawa, Nano Lett. 8, 853 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiltzius, P.

A. van Blaaderen, R. Ruel, and P. Wiltzius, Nature 385, 321 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Woggon, U.

Wolf, H.

T. Kraus, L. Malaquin, E. Delamarche, H. Schmid, N. D. Spencer, and H. Wolf, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 17, 2438 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Y.

Yariv, A.

Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) (1)

T. Kraus, L. Malaquin, E. Delamarche, H. Schmid, N. D. Spencer, and H. Wolf, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 17, 2438 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. Talneau, L. Le Gouezigou, N. Bouadma, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and M. Agio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Astratov, J. P. Franchak, and S. P. Ashili, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5508 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Onodera, Y. Takaya, T. Mitsui, Y. Wakayama, and H. Oikawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 1404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (2)

C. J. Barrelet, A. B. Greytak, and C. M. Lieber, Nano Lett. 4, 1981 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Mitsui, Y. Wakayama, T. Onodera, Y. Takaya, and H. Oikawa, Nano Lett. 8, 853 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

A. van Blaaderen, R. Ruel, and P. Wiltzius, Nature 385, 321 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

R. E. Benner, P. W. Barber, J. F. Owen, and R. K. Chang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 475 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hara, T. Mukaiyama, K. Takeda, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203905 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

K. Lieberman, N. Ben-Ami, and A. Lewis, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 3567 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) SEM image of tetragonally patterned Si ( 001 ) substrate. (b) Schematic of the tapered cell and of the self-assembly process of microspheres. (c) SEM image of microspheres on a patterned substrate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Experimental setup of guide-collection-mode NSOM. (b) Light propagation in chains of microspheres.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Optical microscope image of a CROW on a patterned substrate. (b) Schematic of the CROW and the setup of NSOM observation. (c) Spectra of propagated light.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a)–(d) Plan-view schematics of WGM cavity fields. (e) Cross-sectional schematic of light propagation.

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