Abstract

We propose a new technique to realize an optical time lens for ultrafast temporal processing that is based on four-wave mixing in a silicon nanowaveguide. The demonstrated time lens produces more than 100π of phase shift, which is not readily achievable using electro-optic phase modulators. Using this method we demonstrate 20× magnification of a signal consisting of two 3ps pulses, which allows for temporal measurements using a detector with a 20GHz bandwidth. Our technique offers the capability of ultrafast temporal characterization and processing in a chip-scale device.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. T. Kauffman, W. C. Banyai, A. A. Godil, and D. M. Bloom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 270 (1994).
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    [CrossRef]
  4. L. K. Mouradian, F. Louradour, V. Messager, A. Barthelemy, and C. Froehly, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 795 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. V. Bennett and B. H. Kolner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 430 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Azaa, N. K. Berger, B. Levit, and B. Fischer, Appl. Opt. 43, 483 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. van Howe and C. Xu, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2649 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. C. Turner, C. Manolatou, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, M. A. Foster, J. E. Sharping, and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 14, 4357 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nat. Photonics 2, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

C. V. Bennett, B. D. Moran, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and M. Ibsen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CFF1.
[PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 15, 7802 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 15, 12949 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2000 (2)

L. K. Mouradian, F. Louradour, V. Messager, A. Barthelemy, and C. Froehly, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 795 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. V. Bennett and B. H. Kolner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 430 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

M. T. Kauffman, W. C. Banyai, A. A. Godil, and D. M. Bloom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 270 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Kolner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1951 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. V. Bennett, R. P. Scott, and B. H. Kolner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2513 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

B. H. Kolner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1122 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Azaa, J.

Banyai, W. C.

M. T. Kauffman, W. C. Banyai, A. A. Godil, and D. M. Bloom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 270 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Barthelemy, A.

L. K. Mouradian, F. Louradour, V. Messager, A. Barthelemy, and C. Froehly, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 795 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, C. V.

C. V. Bennett, B. D. Moran, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and M. Ibsen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CFF1.
[PubMed]

C. V. Bennett and B. H. Kolner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 430 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. V. Bennett, R. P. Scott, and B. H. Kolner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2513 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Berger, N. K.

Bloom, D. M.

M. T. Kauffman, W. C. Banyai, A. A. Godil, and D. M. Bloom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 270 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, O.

Fejer, M. M.

C. V. Bennett, B. D. Moran, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and M. Ibsen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CFF1.
[PubMed]

Fischer, B.

Foster, M. A.

Froehly, C.

L. K. Mouradian, F. Louradour, V. Messager, A. Barthelemy, and C. Froehly, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 795 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Geraghty, D. F.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nat. Photonics 2, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Opt. Express 15, 7802 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Godil, A. A.

M. T. Kauffman, W. C. Banyai, A. A. Godil, and D. M. Bloom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 270 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

C. V. Bennett, B. D. Moran, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and M. Ibsen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CFF1.
[PubMed]

Kauffman, M. T.

M. T. Kauffman, W. C. Banyai, A. A. Godil, and D. M. Bloom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 270 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kolner, B. H.

C. V. Bennett and B. H. Kolner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 430 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. V. Bennett, R. P. Scott, and B. H. Kolner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2513 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Kolner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1951 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Kolner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1122 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, Y.-H.

Langrock, C.

C. V. Bennett, B. D. Moran, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and M. Ibsen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CFF1.
[PubMed]

Levit, B.

Lipson, M.

Louradour, F.

L. K. Mouradian, F. Louradour, V. Messager, A. Barthelemy, and C. Froehly, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 795 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Manolatou, C.

Messager, V.

L. K. Mouradian, F. Louradour, V. Messager, A. Barthelemy, and C. Froehly, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 795 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moran, B. D.

C. V. Bennett, B. D. Moran, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and M. Ibsen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CFF1.
[PubMed]

Mouradian, L. K.

L. K. Mouradian, F. Louradour, V. Messager, A. Barthelemy, and C. Froehly, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 795 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Paniccia, M.

Rong, H.

Salem, R.

Schmidt, B. S.

Scott, R. P.

C. V. Bennett, R. P. Scott, and B. H. Kolner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2513 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sharping, J. E.

Sih, V.

Turner, A. C.

van Howe, J.

Xu, C.

Xu, S.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

M. T. Kauffman, W. C. Banyai, A. A. Godil, and D. M. Bloom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 270 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. V. Bennett, R. P. Scott, and B. H. Kolner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2513 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Kolner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1122 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

L. K. Mouradian, F. Louradour, V. Messager, A. Barthelemy, and C. Froehly, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 795 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. V. Bennett and B. H. Kolner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 430 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Kolner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1951 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nat. Photonics (1)

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nat. Photonics 2, 35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

C. V. Bennett, B. D. Moran, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and M. Ibsen, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CFF1.
[PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The temporal imaging system and a schematic of the proposed time lens based on FWM.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Experimental setup used to demonstrate FWM-based time lens. (b) Autocorrelation of the input signal, which consists of two pulses with 3.3 ps pulse width and 14.5 ps separation. (c) Calculated input signal assuming the Gaussian pulse profile. (d) Optical spectrum at the output of the silicon waveguide.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Magnified signal measured using a 20 GHz detector (a) and (b) when only one of the two pulses is present and (c) when both pulses are present.

Equations (2)

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φ f ( t ) = t 2 2 ϕ f ,
1 ϕ 1 + 1 ϕ 2 = 1 ϕ f ,

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