Abstract

We report what is, to the best of our knowledge, the first demonstration of an edge-emitting photonic crystal nanocavity laser that is integrated with a photonic crystal waveguide. This demonstration is achieved with a double-heterostructure photonic crystal nanocavity incorporating an InAs quantum dot active region.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, Science 284, 1819 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. Yoshie, O. B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D. G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 38, 967 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3032 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H.-Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3883 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Yang, S. Lipson, J. D. O'Brien, and D. G. Deppe, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2244 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z.-J. Wei, S.-J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J. D. O'Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Altug and J. Vuckovic, Opt. Express 13, 8819 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Sugitatsu and S. Noda, Electron. Lett. 39, 213 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Yang, S. Lipson, A. Mock, J. D. O'Brien, and D. G. Deppe, in Technical Digest of the Integrated Photonics Research and Applications Topical Meeting (Optical Society of America, 2006).
  11. A. Shaw, H. Folliot, and J. F. Donegan, Nanotechnology 14, 571 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. Zheng, X. Ma, G. Ren, X. Cai, L. Chen, K. Nozaki, and T. Baba, in Technical Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2003).

2005 (4)

T. Yang, S. Lipson, J. D. O'Brien, and D. G. Deppe, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z.-J. Wei, S.-J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J. D. O'Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Altug and J. Vuckovic, Opt. Express 13, 8819 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

A. Shaw, H. Folliot, and J. F. Donegan, Nanotechnology 14, 571 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Sugitatsu and S. Noda, Electron. Lett. 39, 213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

T. Yoshie, O. B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D. G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 38, 967 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H.-Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3883 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3032 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, Science 284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akahane, Y.

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Altug, H.

Asano, T.

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

W. Zheng, X. Ma, G. Ren, X. Cai, L. Chen, K. Nozaki, and T. Baba, in Technical Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2003).

Bagheri, M.

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z.-J. Wei, S.-J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J. D. O'Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cai, X.

W. Zheng, X. Ma, G. Ren, X. Cai, L. Chen, K. Nozaki, and T. Baba, in Technical Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2003).

Cao, J. R.

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z.-J. Wei, S.-J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J. D. O'Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

T. Yoshie, O. B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D. G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 38, 967 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

W. Zheng, X. Ma, G. Ren, X. Cai, L. Chen, K. Nozaki, and T. Baba, in Technical Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2003).

Choi, S.-J.

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z.-J. Wei, S.-J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J. D. O'Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dapkus, P. D.

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z.-J. Wei, S.-J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J. D. O'Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, Science 284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deppe, D. G.

T. Yang, S. Lipson, J. D. O'Brien, and D. G. Deppe, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshie, O. B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D. G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 38, 967 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Yang, S. Lipson, A. Mock, J. D. O'Brien, and D. G. Deppe, in Technical Digest of the Integrated Photonics Research and Applications Topical Meeting (Optical Society of America, 2006).

Donegan, J. F.

A. Shaw, H. Folliot, and J. F. Donegan, Nanotechnology 14, 571 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Folliot, H.

A. Shaw, H. Folliot, and J. F. Donegan, Nanotechnology 14, 571 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Huh, J.

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3032 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, J.-K.

H.-Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3883 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3032 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.-S.

H.-Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3883 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3032 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.-H.

H.-Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3883 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kuang, W.

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z.-J. Wei, S.-J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J. D. O'Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, R. K.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, Science 284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, Y.-H.

H.-Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3883 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3032 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, S.

T. Yang, S. Lipson, J. D. O'Brien, and D. G. Deppe, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Yang, S. Lipson, A. Mock, J. D. O'Brien, and D. G. Deppe, in Technical Digest of the Integrated Photonics Research and Applications Topical Meeting (Optical Society of America, 2006).

Ma, X.

W. Zheng, X. Ma, G. Ren, X. Cai, L. Chen, K. Nozaki, and T. Baba, in Technical Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2003).

Mock, A.

T. Yang, S. Lipson, A. Mock, J. D. O'Brien, and D. G. Deppe, in Technical Digest of the Integrated Photonics Research and Applications Topical Meeting (Optical Society of America, 2006).

Noda, S.

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Sugitatsu and S. Noda, Electron. Lett. 39, 213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nozaki, K.

W. Zheng, X. Ma, G. Ren, X. Cai, L. Chen, K. Nozaki, and T. Baba, in Technical Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2003).

O'Brien, J. D.

T. Yang, S. Lipson, J. D. O'Brien, and D. G. Deppe, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z.-J. Wei, S.-J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J. D. O'Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, Science 284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yang, S. Lipson, A. Mock, J. D. O'Brien, and D. G. Deppe, in Technical Digest of the Integrated Photonics Research and Applications Topical Meeting (Optical Society of America, 2006).

Painter, O.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, Science 284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, H.-G.

H.-Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3883 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3032 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ren, G.

W. Zheng, X. Ma, G. Ren, X. Cai, L. Chen, K. Nozaki, and T. Baba, in Technical Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2003).

Ryu, H.-Y.

H.-Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3883 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3032 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

T. Yoshie, O. B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D. G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 38, 967 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, Science 284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shaw, A.

A. Shaw, H. Folliot, and J. F. Donegan, Nanotechnology 14, 571 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shchekin, O. B.

T. Yoshie, O. B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D. G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 38, 967 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Song, B.-S.

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sugitatsu, A.

A. Sugitatsu and S. Noda, Electron. Lett. 39, 213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vuckovic, J.

Wei, Z.-J.

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z.-J. Wei, S.-J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J. D. O'Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, T.

T. Yang, S. Lipson, J. D. O'Brien, and D. G. Deppe, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Yang, S. Lipson, A. Mock, J. D. O'Brien, and D. G. Deppe, in Technical Digest of the Integrated Photonics Research and Applications Topical Meeting (Optical Society of America, 2006).

Yariv, A.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, Science 284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshie, T.

T. Yoshie, O. B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D. G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 38, 967 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H.

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z.-J. Wei, S.-J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J. D. O'Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, W.

W. Zheng, X. Ma, G. Ren, X. Cai, L. Chen, K. Nozaki, and T. Baba, in Technical Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2003).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3032 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H.-Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3883 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

T. Yoshie, O. B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D. G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, Electron. Lett. 38, 967 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Sugitatsu and S. Noda, Electron. Lett. 39, 213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

T. Yang, S. Lipson, J. D. O'Brien, and D. G. Deppe, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2244 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z.-J. Wei, S.-J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J. D. O'Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology (1)

A. Shaw, H. Folliot, and J. F. Donegan, Nanotechnology 14, 571 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Science (1)

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, Science 284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

T. Yang, S. Lipson, A. Mock, J. D. O'Brien, and D. G. Deppe, in Technical Digest of the Integrated Photonics Research and Applications Topical Meeting (Optical Society of America, 2006).

W. Zheng, X. Ma, G. Ren, X. Cai, L. Chen, K. Nozaki, and T. Baba, in Technical Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2003).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM of a photonic crystal double-heterostructure nanocavity with InAs QD active material. The laser is integrated with an output photonic crystal waveguide.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Lasing spectrum of the device in Fig. 1. Pumping conditions are 16 ns pulse widths at a 1% duty cycle.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output power versus incident pump power for the device in Fig. 1 with different pump spot positions. The circles in the SEM indicate the pump spot’s positions and approximate size. The solid, dashed, and dotted circles correspond to the square, circular, and triangular output power versus incident pump power characteristics, respectively. Pumping conditions are 16 ns pulse widths at a 1% duty cycle. Inset, spectra of the lasing mode taken with 0.1 nm resolution bandwidth. The solid spectra curve was taken with a 0.6 mW peak pump power and with the pump spot at the solid circle; the dotted spectra curve was taken with a 6.25 mW peak pump power and with the pump spot at the dotted circle.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Laser emission intensity at the image plane of a lens system, along the direction of the line defect. At the object plane is the device in Fig. 1. Pumping conditions are 16 ns pulse widths at a 2% duty cycle and a 2.5 mW peak power.

Metrics