Abstract

An efficient locking technique based on optical feedback is demonstrated to suppress jitter on the rf beat note between the two modes of a dual-frequency Yb:Er glass laser. The method consists of a self-injection process in which one selected mode serves as a master oscillator to lock and stabilize the second mode via a frequency-shifted optical feedback. The beat note adjusted near 170MHz was stabilized with an accuracy of 250mHz using an optical feedback loop with a double pass through an acousto-optic modulator. The beating note can be tuned over 300kHz by controlling the reference oscillator. The extensions and limitations of the technique are discussed.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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2007 (1)

L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, M. Laroche, and P. Leprince, Appl. Phys. B 86, 169 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, and J. P. Huignard, IEEE LEOS Newsletter 19, 12 (2005).

M. Brunel, A. Amon, and M. Vallet, Opt. Lett. 30, 2418 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, S. Blanc, V. Crozatier, J. Brisset, T. Merlet, and A. Poezevara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 870 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Czarny, M. Alouini, C. Larat, S. Dhillon, M. Krakowsky, S. Bansropun, V. Ortiz, C. Sirtori, B. Gerard, and D. Dolfi, Proc. SPIE 5619, 198 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

Y. Li, A. J. C. Vieira, S. M. Goldwasser, and P. R. Herczfeld, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 2048 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1996 (1)

G. W. Baxter, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, and D. S. Knowles, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1015 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

A. Le Floch and G. Stephan, C.R. Seances Acad. Sci., Ser. A 277, 265 (1973).

1965 (1)

Alouini, M.

R. Czarny, M. Alouini, C. Larat, S. Dhillon, M. Krakowsky, S. Bansropun, V. Ortiz, C. Sirtori, B. Gerard, and D. Dolfi, Proc. SPIE 5619, 198 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Amon, A.

Asakawa, Y.

Bansropun, S.

R. Czarny, M. Alouini, C. Larat, S. Dhillon, M. Krakowsky, S. Bansropun, V. Ortiz, C. Sirtori, B. Gerard, and D. Dolfi, Proc. SPIE 5619, 198 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baxter, G. W.

G. W. Baxter, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, and D. S. Knowles, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1015 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Blanc, S.

M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, S. Blanc, V. Crozatier, J. Brisset, T. Merlet, and A. Poezevara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 870 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bretenaker, F.

M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, S. Blanc, V. Crozatier, J. Brisset, T. Merlet, and A. Poezevara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 870 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Diep Lai, F. Bretenaker, and M. Brunel, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3037 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brisset, J.

M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, S. Blanc, V. Crozatier, J. Brisset, T. Merlet, and A. Poezevara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 870 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brunel, M.

M. Brunel, A. Amon, and M. Vallet, Opt. Lett. 30, 2418 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, S. Blanc, V. Crozatier, J. Brisset, T. Merlet, and A. Poezevara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 870 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Diep Lai, F. Bretenaker, and M. Brunel, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3037 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Crozatier, V.

M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, S. Blanc, V. Crozatier, J. Brisset, T. Merlet, and A. Poezevara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 870 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Czarny, R.

R. Czarny, M. Alouini, C. Larat, S. Dhillon, M. Krakowsky, S. Bansropun, V. Ortiz, C. Sirtori, B. Gerard, and D. Dolfi, Proc. SPIE 5619, 198 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dawes, J. M.

G. W. Baxter, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, and D. S. Knowles, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1015 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dekker, P.

G. W. Baxter, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, and D. S. Knowles, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1015 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dhillon, S.

R. Czarny, M. Alouini, C. Larat, S. Dhillon, M. Krakowsky, S. Bansropun, V. Ortiz, C. Sirtori, B. Gerard, and D. Dolfi, Proc. SPIE 5619, 198 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Diep Lai, N.

Dolfi, D.

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, and J. P. Huignard, IEEE LEOS Newsletter 19, 12 (2005).

R. Czarny, M. Alouini, C. Larat, S. Dhillon, M. Krakowsky, S. Bansropun, V. Ortiz, C. Sirtori, B. Gerard, and D. Dolfi, Proc. SPIE 5619, 198 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Estuhov, V.

Fukazawa, T.

Gerard, B.

R. Czarny, M. Alouini, C. Larat, S. Dhillon, M. Krakowsky, S. Bansropun, V. Ortiz, C. Sirtori, B. Gerard, and D. Dolfi, Proc. SPIE 5619, 198 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gilles, H.

L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, M. Laroche, and P. Leprince, Appl. Phys. B 86, 169 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Girard, S.

L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, M. Laroche, and P. Leprince, Appl. Phys. B 86, 169 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Goldwasser, S. M.

Y. Li, A. J. C. Vieira, S. M. Goldwasser, and P. R. Herczfeld, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 2048 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Herczfeld, P. R.

Y. Li, A. J. C. Vieira, S. M. Goldwasser, and P. R. Herczfeld, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 2048 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J. P.

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, and J. P. Huignard, IEEE LEOS Newsletter 19, 12 (2005).

Kawai, R.

Kervevan, L.

L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, M. Laroche, and P. Leprince, Appl. Phys. B 86, 169 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Knowles, D. S.

G. W. Baxter, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, and D. S. Knowles, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1015 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Krakowsky, M.

R. Czarny, M. Alouini, C. Larat, S. Dhillon, M. Krakowsky, S. Bansropun, V. Ortiz, C. Sirtori, B. Gerard, and D. Dolfi, Proc. SPIE 5619, 198 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Larat, C.

R. Czarny, M. Alouini, C. Larat, S. Dhillon, M. Krakowsky, S. Bansropun, V. Ortiz, C. Sirtori, B. Gerard, and D. Dolfi, Proc. SPIE 5619, 198 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Laroche, M.

L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, M. Laroche, and P. Leprince, Appl. Phys. B 86, 169 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Le Floch, A.

A. Le Floch and G. Stephan, C.R. Seances Acad. Sci., Ser. A 277, 265 (1973).

Leprince, P.

L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, M. Laroche, and P. Leprince, Appl. Phys. B 86, 169 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Y. Li, A. J. C. Vieira, S. M. Goldwasser, and P. R. Herczfeld, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 2048 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Merlet, T.

M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, S. Blanc, V. Crozatier, J. Brisset, T. Merlet, and A. Poezevara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 870 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Morvan, L.

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, and J. P. Huignard, IEEE LEOS Newsletter 19, 12 (2005).

Ortiz, V.

R. Czarny, M. Alouini, C. Larat, S. Dhillon, M. Krakowsky, S. Bansropun, V. Ortiz, C. Sirtori, B. Gerard, and D. Dolfi, Proc. SPIE 5619, 198 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Otsuka, K.

Poezevara, A.

M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, S. Blanc, V. Crozatier, J. Brisset, T. Merlet, and A. Poezevara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 870 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

Sirtori, C.

R. Czarny, M. Alouini, C. Larat, S. Dhillon, M. Krakowsky, S. Bansropun, V. Ortiz, C. Sirtori, B. Gerard, and D. Dolfi, Proc. SPIE 5619, 198 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stephan, G.

A. Le Floch and G. Stephan, C.R. Seances Acad. Sci., Ser. A 277, 265 (1973).

Vallet, M.

Vieira, A. J. C.

Y. Li, A. J. C. Vieira, S. M. Goldwasser, and P. R. Herczfeld, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 2048 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. Kervevan, H. Gilles, S. Girard, M. Laroche, and P. Leprince, Appl. Phys. B 86, 169 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C.R. Seances Acad. Sci., Ser. A (1)

A. Le Floch and G. Stephan, C.R. Seances Acad. Sci., Ser. A 277, 265 (1973).

IEEE LEOS Newsletter (1)

L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, and J. P. Huignard, IEEE LEOS Newsletter 19, 12 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

G. W. Baxter, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, and D. S. Knowles, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1015 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, S. Blanc, V. Crozatier, J. Brisset, T. Merlet, and A. Poezevara, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 870 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

Y. Li, A. J. C. Vieira, S. M. Goldwasser, and P. R. Herczfeld, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 49, 2048 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

R. Czarny, M. Alouini, C. Larat, S. Dhillon, M. Krakowsky, S. Bansropun, V. Ortiz, C. Sirtori, B. Gerard, and D. Dolfi, Proc. SPIE 5619, 198 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for frequency-shifted self-injection technique. G, Yb : Er glass plate; L 1 and L 2 , quarter-wave plates; P 1 and P 2 , linear polarizers; E, intracavity etalon; OC, output coupler; BS, beam splitter, FR, Faraday rotator; AOM, acousto-optic modulator; PD, photodiode; SA, spectrum analyzer; FC, frequency counters. FLD, fiber pigtailed laser diode; M FB , optical feedback module; ρ, angular adjustment.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temporal fluctuations of the beat-note frequency in the free regime [sequences (ii) and (iv)] and stabilized with the optical feedback [sequences (i) and (iii)].

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Tuning range of the self-injection process and control of the beat note via the external RF modulator.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Instantaneous fluctuations and long-term deviation of the synthesizer frequency versus time. (b) Histogram of the temporal stability of the beat note between the two orthogonal modes using the locking technique based on the frequency-shifted optical feedback loop.

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