Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a method for fabricating large optical mosaic gratings, i.e., gratings made by consecutive, phase-interlocked, holographic exposures on single substrates. It takes advantage of the latent fringes generated by the preceding exposure to align the substrate for the following exposure. Good angular alignment accuracy and period consistency between the fringes recorded by consecutive exposures can be achieved by using the large-area moiré pattern produced by the latent fringes and the alignment beams. Phase-interlocking accuracy of less than 4° between consecutive exposures was experimentally achieved by using the heterodyne detection technique.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. L. Schattenburg, C. G. Chen, R. K. Heilmann, P. T. Konkola, and G. S. Pati, Proc. SPIE 4485, 378 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Bunkenburg, T. J. Kessler, W. Skulski, and H. Huang, Opt. Lett. 31, 1561 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. J. Kessler, Lab. Laser Energetics Rev. 100, 242 (2004).
  4. N. Blanchot, G. Marre, J. Néauport, E. Sibé, C. Rouyer, S. Montant, A. Cotel, C. Le Blanc, and C. Sauteret, Appl. Opt. 45, 6013 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. B. G. Turukhano, V. P. Gorelik, S. N. Kovalenko, and N. Turukhano, Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 263 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. A. Freschi, F. J. dos Santos, E. L. Rigon, and L. Cescato, Opt. Commun. 208, 41 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2004 (1)

T. J. Kessler, Lab. Laser Energetics Rev. 100, 242 (2004).

2002 (2)

M. L. Schattenburg, C. G. Chen, R. K. Heilmann, P. T. Konkola, and G. S. Pati, Proc. SPIE 4485, 378 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Freschi, F. J. dos Santos, E. L. Rigon, and L. Cescato, Opt. Commun. 208, 41 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

B. G. Turukhano, V. P. Gorelik, S. N. Kovalenko, and N. Turukhano, Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 263 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Blanchot, N.

Bunkenburg, J.

Cescato, L.

A. A. Freschi, F. J. dos Santos, E. L. Rigon, and L. Cescato, Opt. Commun. 208, 41 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. G.

M. L. Schattenburg, C. G. Chen, R. K. Heilmann, P. T. Konkola, and G. S. Pati, Proc. SPIE 4485, 378 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cotel, A.

dos Santos, F. J.

A. A. Freschi, F. J. dos Santos, E. L. Rigon, and L. Cescato, Opt. Commun. 208, 41 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Freschi, A. A.

A. A. Freschi, F. J. dos Santos, E. L. Rigon, and L. Cescato, Opt. Commun. 208, 41 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gorelik, V. P.

B. G. Turukhano, V. P. Gorelik, S. N. Kovalenko, and N. Turukhano, Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 263 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Heilmann, R. K.

M. L. Schattenburg, C. G. Chen, R. K. Heilmann, P. T. Konkola, and G. S. Pati, Proc. SPIE 4485, 378 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Huang, H.

Kessler, T. J.

Konkola, P. T.

M. L. Schattenburg, C. G. Chen, R. K. Heilmann, P. T. Konkola, and G. S. Pati, Proc. SPIE 4485, 378 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kovalenko, S. N.

B. G. Turukhano, V. P. Gorelik, S. N. Kovalenko, and N. Turukhano, Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 263 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Le Blanc, C.

Marre, G.

Montant, S.

Néauport, J.

Pati, G. S.

M. L. Schattenburg, C. G. Chen, R. K. Heilmann, P. T. Konkola, and G. S. Pati, Proc. SPIE 4485, 378 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rigon, E. L.

A. A. Freschi, F. J. dos Santos, E. L. Rigon, and L. Cescato, Opt. Commun. 208, 41 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rouyer, C.

Sauteret, C.

Schattenburg, M. L.

M. L. Schattenburg, C. G. Chen, R. K. Heilmann, P. T. Konkola, and G. S. Pati, Proc. SPIE 4485, 378 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sibé, E.

Skulski, W.

Turukhano, B. G.

B. G. Turukhano, V. P. Gorelik, S. N. Kovalenko, and N. Turukhano, Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 263 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Turukhano, N.

B. G. Turukhano, V. P. Gorelik, S. N. Kovalenko, and N. Turukhano, Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 263 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Lab. Laser Energetics Rev. (1)

T. J. Kessler, Lab. Laser Energetics Rev. 100, 242 (2004).

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. A. Freschi, F. J. dos Santos, E. L. Rigon, and L. Cescato, Opt. Commun. 208, 41 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

B. G. Turukhano, V. P. Gorelik, S. N. Kovalenko, and N. Turukhano, Opt. Laser Technol. 28, 263 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. L. Schattenburg, C. G. Chen, R. K. Heilmann, P. T. Konkola, and G. S. Pati, Proc. SPIE 4485, 378 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for making an optical mosaic of gratings. The lines with arrows represent alignment beams. The holographic exposure beams coming symmetrically from above G are not shown. The two positions of G should be on the same level; they are offset only for clarity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Phase and amplitude of the signal detected by D in the first set of double-exposure experiments. Cases (a), (b), and (c) are for mod ( Δ ϕ , 2 π ) = 0 , π, and π 2 , respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Michelson interferograms of waves diffracted by gratings made in the second set of double-exposure experiments. Cases (a), (b), and (c) are the same as in Fig. 2.

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