Abstract

We demonstrate a self-aligned balanced cross correlator based on a single type-II phase-matched periodically poled KTiOPO4 crystal. The birefringence of the crystal generates a walk-off between the two orthogonally polarized pulses. This enables the balancing of the cross correlator with input pulses at the same center wavelength. As a first application of this single-crystal balanced cross correlator, we stabilized a 310m long optical fiber link for timing distribution with long-term stable 10fs precision.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Kim, F. Ö. Ilday, F. X. Kärtner, O. D. Mücke, M. H. Perrott, W. S. Graves, D. E. Moncton, and T. Zwart, in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference 2004 (FEL, 2004), p. 329.
  2. B. Shillue, in Proceedings of IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (IEEE, 2005), p. 61.
  3. J. Ye, J. Peng, R. J. Jones, K. W. Holman, J. L. Hall, D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. Kitching, S. Bize, J. C. Bergquist, L. W. Hollberg, L. Robertson, and L. Ma, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1459 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. W. Holman, D. J. Jones, D. D. Hudson, and Y. Ye, Opt. Lett. 29, 1554 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, J. Ye, and D. J. Jones, Opt. Lett. 30, 1225 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Winter, P. Schmüsser, H. Schlarb, F. Ö. Ilday, J. Kim, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, D. Cheever, T. Zwart, and D. Wang, in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference 2005 (FEL, 2005), p. 676.
  7. D. D. Hudson, S. M. Foreman, S. T. Cundiff, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 31, 1951 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. R. Schibli, J. Kim, O. Kuzucu, J. Gopinath, S. N. Tandon, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 28, 947 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Kim, J. Burnham, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, F. Ö. Ilday, F. Ludwig, H. Schlarb, A. Winter, M. Ferianis, and D. Cheever, in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference 2006 (EPAC, 2006), p. 2744.
  11. F. König and F. N. C. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1644 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Chen, J. W. Sickler, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, 'High repetition rate, low jitter, fundamentally mode-locked soliton Er-fiber laser' (to be presented at CLEO2007).
  13. L. A. Jiang, S. T. Wong, M. E. Grein, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1047 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

L. A. Jiang, S. T. Wong, M. E. Grein, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1047 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bergquist, J. C.

Bize, S.

Burnham, J.

J. Kim, J. Burnham, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, F. Ö. Ilday, F. Ludwig, H. Schlarb, A. Winter, M. Ferianis, and D. Cheever, in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference 2006 (EPAC, 2006), p. 2744.

Cheever, D.

J. Kim, J. Burnham, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, F. Ö. Ilday, F. Ludwig, H. Schlarb, A. Winter, M. Ferianis, and D. Cheever, in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference 2006 (EPAC, 2006), p. 2744.

A. Winter, P. Schmüsser, H. Schlarb, F. Ö. Ilday, J. Kim, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, D. Cheever, T. Zwart, and D. Wang, in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference 2005 (FEL, 2005), p. 676.

Chen, J.

A. Winter, P. Schmüsser, H. Schlarb, F. Ö. Ilday, J. Kim, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, D. Cheever, T. Zwart, and D. Wang, in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference 2005 (FEL, 2005), p. 676.

J. Kim, J. Burnham, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, F. Ö. Ilday, F. Ludwig, H. Schlarb, A. Winter, M. Ferianis, and D. Cheever, in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference 2006 (EPAC, 2006), p. 2744.

J. Chen, J. W. Sickler, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, 'High repetition rate, low jitter, fundamentally mode-locked soliton Er-fiber laser' (to be presented at CLEO2007).

Cundiff, S. T.

Diddams, S. A.

Ferianis, M.

J. Kim, J. Burnham, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, F. Ö. Ilday, F. Ludwig, H. Schlarb, A. Winter, M. Ferianis, and D. Cheever, in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference 2006 (EPAC, 2006), p. 2744.

Foreman, S. M.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gopinath, J.

Graves, W. S.

J. Kim, F. Ö. Ilday, F. X. Kärtner, O. D. Mücke, M. H. Perrott, W. S. Graves, D. E. Moncton, and T. Zwart, in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference 2004 (FEL, 2004), p. 329.

Grein, M. E.

L. A. Jiang, S. T. Wong, M. E. Grein, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1047 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

Haus, H. A.

L. A. Jiang, S. T. Wong, M. E. Grein, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1047 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L. W.

Holman, K. W.

Hudson, D. D.

Ilday, F. Ö.

J. Kim, F. Ö. Ilday, F. X. Kärtner, O. D. Mücke, M. H. Perrott, W. S. Graves, D. E. Moncton, and T. Zwart, in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference 2004 (FEL, 2004), p. 329.

A. Winter, P. Schmüsser, H. Schlarb, F. Ö. Ilday, J. Kim, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, D. Cheever, T. Zwart, and D. Wang, in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference 2005 (FEL, 2005), p. 676.

J. Kim, J. Burnham, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, F. Ö. Ilday, F. Ludwig, H. Schlarb, A. Winter, M. Ferianis, and D. Cheever, in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference 2006 (EPAC, 2006), p. 2744.

Ippen, E. P.

T. R. Schibli, J. Kim, O. Kuzucu, J. Gopinath, S. N. Tandon, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 28, 947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. A. Jiang, S. T. Wong, M. E. Grein, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1047 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, J. W. Sickler, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, 'High repetition rate, low jitter, fundamentally mode-locked soliton Er-fiber laser' (to be presented at CLEO2007).

Jiang, L. A.

L. A. Jiang, S. T. Wong, M. E. Grein, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1047 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

Jones, R. J.

Kapteyn, H. C.

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

T. R. Schibli, J. Kim, O. Kuzucu, J. Gopinath, S. N. Tandon, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 28, 947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Chen, J. W. Sickler, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, 'High repetition rate, low jitter, fundamentally mode-locked soliton Er-fiber laser' (to be presented at CLEO2007).

J. Kim, J. Burnham, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, F. Ö. Ilday, F. Ludwig, H. Schlarb, A. Winter, M. Ferianis, and D. Cheever, in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference 2006 (EPAC, 2006), p. 2744.

A. Winter, P. Schmüsser, H. Schlarb, F. Ö. Ilday, J. Kim, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, D. Cheever, T. Zwart, and D. Wang, in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference 2005 (FEL, 2005), p. 676.

J. Kim, F. Ö. Ilday, F. X. Kärtner, O. D. Mücke, M. H. Perrott, W. S. Graves, D. E. Moncton, and T. Zwart, in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference 2004 (FEL, 2004), p. 329.

Kim, J.

T. R. Schibli, J. Kim, O. Kuzucu, J. Gopinath, S. N. Tandon, G. S. Petrich, L. A. Kolodziejski, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 28, 947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Winter, P. Schmüsser, H. Schlarb, F. Ö. Ilday, J. Kim, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, D. Cheever, T. Zwart, and D. Wang, in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference 2005 (FEL, 2005), p. 676.

J. Kim, F. Ö. Ilday, F. X. Kärtner, O. D. Mücke, M. H. Perrott, W. S. Graves, D. E. Moncton, and T. Zwart, in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference 2004 (FEL, 2004), p. 329.

J. Kim, J. Burnham, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, F. Ö. Ilday, F. Ludwig, H. Schlarb, A. Winter, M. Ferianis, and D. Cheever, in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference 2006 (EPAC, 2006), p. 2744.

Kitching, J.

Kolodziejski, L. A.

König, F.

F. König and F. N. C. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1644 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kuzucu, O.

Ludwig, F.

J. Kim, J. Burnham, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, F. Ö. Ilday, F. Ludwig, H. Schlarb, A. Winter, M. Ferianis, and D. Cheever, in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference 2006 (EPAC, 2006), p. 2744.

Ma, L.

Ma, L.-S.

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Moncton, D. E.

J. Kim, F. Ö. Ilday, F. X. Kärtner, O. D. Mücke, M. H. Perrott, W. S. Graves, D. E. Moncton, and T. Zwart, in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference 2004 (FEL, 2004), p. 329.

Mücke, O. D.

J. Kim, F. Ö. Ilday, F. X. Kärtner, O. D. Mücke, M. H. Perrott, W. S. Graves, D. E. Moncton, and T. Zwart, in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference 2004 (FEL, 2004), p. 329.

Murnane, M. M.

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Peng, J.

Perrott, M. H.

J. Kim, F. Ö. Ilday, F. X. Kärtner, O. D. Mücke, M. H. Perrott, W. S. Graves, D. E. Moncton, and T. Zwart, in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference 2004 (FEL, 2004), p. 329.

Petrich, G. S.

Robertson, L.

Schibli, T. R.

Schlarb, H.

A. Winter, P. Schmüsser, H. Schlarb, F. Ö. Ilday, J. Kim, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, D. Cheever, T. Zwart, and D. Wang, in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference 2005 (FEL, 2005), p. 676.

J. Kim, J. Burnham, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, F. Ö. Ilday, F. Ludwig, H. Schlarb, A. Winter, M. Ferianis, and D. Cheever, in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference 2006 (EPAC, 2006), p. 2744.

Schmüsser, P.

A. Winter, P. Schmüsser, H. Schlarb, F. Ö. Ilday, J. Kim, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, D. Cheever, T. Zwart, and D. Wang, in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference 2005 (FEL, 2005), p. 676.

Shelton, R. K.

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shillue, B.

B. Shillue, in Proceedings of IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (IEEE, 2005), p. 61.

Sickler, J. W.

J. Chen, J. W. Sickler, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, 'High repetition rate, low jitter, fundamentally mode-locked soliton Er-fiber laser' (to be presented at CLEO2007).

Tandon, S. N.

Wang, D.

A. Winter, P. Schmüsser, H. Schlarb, F. Ö. Ilday, J. Kim, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, D. Cheever, T. Zwart, and D. Wang, in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference 2005 (FEL, 2005), p. 676.

Winter, A.

J. Kim, J. Burnham, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, F. Ö. Ilday, F. Ludwig, H. Schlarb, A. Winter, M. Ferianis, and D. Cheever, in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference 2006 (EPAC, 2006), p. 2744.

A. Winter, P. Schmüsser, H. Schlarb, F. Ö. Ilday, J. Kim, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, D. Cheever, T. Zwart, and D. Wang, in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference 2005 (FEL, 2005), p. 676.

Wong, F. N. C.

F. König and F. N. C. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1644 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wong, S. T.

L. A. Jiang, S. T. Wong, M. E. Grein, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1047 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

Ye, Y.

Zwart, T.

J. Kim, F. Ö. Ilday, F. X. Kärtner, O. D. Mücke, M. H. Perrott, W. S. Graves, D. E. Moncton, and T. Zwart, in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference 2004 (FEL, 2004), p. 329.

A. Winter, P. Schmüsser, H. Schlarb, F. Ö. Ilday, J. Kim, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, D. Cheever, T. Zwart, and D. Wang, in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference 2005 (FEL, 2005), p. 676.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. König and F. N. C. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1644 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. A. Jiang, S. T. Wong, M. E. Grein, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1047 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

L.-S. Ma, R. K. Shelton, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. A 64, 021802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

J. Kim, J. Burnham, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, F. Ö. Ilday, F. Ludwig, H. Schlarb, A. Winter, M. Ferianis, and D. Cheever, in Proceedings of European Particle Accelerator Conference 2006 (EPAC, 2006), p. 2744.

J. Kim, F. Ö. Ilday, F. X. Kärtner, O. D. Mücke, M. H. Perrott, W. S. Graves, D. E. Moncton, and T. Zwart, in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference 2004 (FEL, 2004), p. 329.

B. Shillue, in Proceedings of IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (IEEE, 2005), p. 61.

A. Winter, P. Schmüsser, H. Schlarb, F. Ö. Ilday, J. Kim, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, D. Cheever, T. Zwart, and D. Wang, in Proceedings of Free Electron Laser Conference 2005 (FEL, 2005), p. 676.

J. Chen, J. W. Sickler, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, 'High repetition rate, low jitter, fundamentally mode-locked soliton Er-fiber laser' (to be presented at CLEO2007).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Operation of a single-crystal balanced cross correlator. SHG, second-harmonic generation. (b) Balanced autocorrelation using 77 pJ , 200 fs pulses at 1550 nm . The trace is clipped by the maximum output voltage of the photodetector ( 4 V ) .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic for timing link stabilization using a single-crystal balanced cross correlator. EDFA, Er-doped fiber amplifier; FRM, Faraday rotating mirror; HWP, half-wave plate; PBC, polarizing beam-splitter cube; QWP, quarter-wave plate; R, reflection; SM, silver mirror; T, transmission.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Measured out-of-loop timing jitter spectral density. The integrated rms jitter from 10 Hz to 100 kHz is 9.2 fs . The detector noise floor corresponds to 8.2 fs jitter, which sets the limits in measurement accuracy. (b) Long-term out-of-loop timing jitter trace (top trace) and piezostretcher displacement (bottom trace) over 100 s . The rms jitter over 100 s is 9.7 fs .

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

η opt = 8 π 2 Z 0 λ 3 d eff 2 n 3 5.68 l P peak , in 2 ,

Metrics