Abstract

A millimeter-wave signal with sextuple-frequency multiplication of a microwave source is obtained with two cascaded optical modulators, which are driven by the same microwave source with phase deviation of π2 introduced by an electrical phase shifter. Without any optical filter, a wideband continuously tunable millimeter-wave signal is easily generated.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. J. O'Reilly and P. M. Lane, J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 369 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Shen, N. J. Gomes, P. A. Davies, W. P. Shillue, P. G. Huggard, and B. N. Ellison, in MWP 2003 Proceedings: International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (2003), pp. 189-192.
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C.Belisle, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 10, 3090 (2005).
  4. J. Wang and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 382 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, J. Yao, and B. Cabon, J. Lightwave Technol. 3, 1277 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. I. P. Kanminow, Optical Fiber Telecommunications IV B: Systems and Impairments, I. P.Kaminow and T.Li, eds. (Academic, 2002). pp. 881-883.

2006 (2)

J. Wang and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 382 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, J. Yao, and B. Cabon, J. Lightwave Technol. 3, 1277 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C.Belisle, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 10, 3090 (2005).

1994 (1)

J. J. O'Reilly and P. M. Lane, J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 369 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Belisle, C.

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C.Belisle, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 10, 3090 (2005).

Cabon, B.

Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, J. Yao, and B. Cabon, J. Lightwave Technol. 3, 1277 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Davies, P. A.

P. Shen, N. J. Gomes, P. A. Davies, W. P. Shillue, P. G. Huggard, and B. N. Ellison, in MWP 2003 Proceedings: International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (2003), pp. 189-192.
[CrossRef]

Ellison, B. N.

P. Shen, N. J. Gomes, P. A. Davies, W. P. Shillue, P. G. Huggard, and B. N. Ellison, in MWP 2003 Proceedings: International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (2003), pp. 189-192.
[CrossRef]

Gomes, N. J.

P. Shen, N. J. Gomes, P. A. Davies, W. P. Shillue, P. G. Huggard, and B. N. Ellison, in MWP 2003 Proceedings: International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (2003), pp. 189-192.
[CrossRef]

Huggard, P. G.

P. Shen, N. J. Gomes, P. A. Davies, W. P. Shillue, P. G. Huggard, and B. N. Ellison, in MWP 2003 Proceedings: International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (2003), pp. 189-192.
[CrossRef]

Kanminow, I. P.

I. P. Kanminow, Optical Fiber Telecommunications IV B: Systems and Impairments, I. P.Kaminow and T.Li, eds. (Academic, 2002). pp. 881-883.

Lane, P. M.

J. J. O'Reilly and P. M. Lane, J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 369 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Le Guennec, Y.

Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, J. Yao, and B. Cabon, J. Lightwave Technol. 3, 1277 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Maury, G.

Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, J. Yao, and B. Cabon, J. Lightwave Technol. 3, 1277 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O'Reilly, J. J.

J. J. O'Reilly and P. M. Lane, J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 369 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Paquet, S.

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C.Belisle, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 10, 3090 (2005).

Qi, G.

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C.Belisle, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 10, 3090 (2005).

Seregelyi, J.

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C.Belisle, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 10, 3090 (2005).

Shen, P.

P. Shen, N. J. Gomes, P. A. Davies, W. P. Shillue, P. G. Huggard, and B. N. Ellison, in MWP 2003 Proceedings: International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (2003), pp. 189-192.
[CrossRef]

Shillue, W. P.

P. Shen, N. J. Gomes, P. A. Davies, W. P. Shillue, P. G. Huggard, and B. N. Ellison, in MWP 2003 Proceedings: International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (2003), pp. 189-192.
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

J. Wang and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 382 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J.

J. Wang and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 382 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, J. Yao, and B. Cabon, J. Lightwave Technol. 3, 1277 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C.Belisle, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 10, 3090 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Wang and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 382 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C.Belisle, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 10, 3090 (2005).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, J. Yao, and B. Cabon, J. Lightwave Technol. 3, 1277 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. J. O'Reilly and P. M. Lane, J. Lightwave Technol. 2, 369 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

P. Shen, N. J. Gomes, P. A. Davies, W. P. Shillue, P. G. Huggard, and B. N. Ellison, in MWP 2003 Proceedings: International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (2003), pp. 189-192.
[CrossRef]

I. P. Kanminow, Optical Fiber Telecommunications IV B: Systems and Impairments, I. P.Kaminow and T.Li, eds. (Academic, 2002). pp. 881-883.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the mm-wave generation. ATT, attenuator; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; ESA, electrical spectrum analyzer; IM, intensity modulator; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer; PA, power amplifier; PC, polarization controller; PM, phase modulator; PS, phase shifter; TDC, tunable dispersion compensator; TLS, tunable laser source; PIN, p-i-n diode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Illustration of the optical spectrum at the output of the phase modulator. (a)–(d) Amplitude spectrum and phase spectrum of the two modulated coherent carriers. (e) Coherent overlap of ω o components.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relationship between power of the nth-order ( n = 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 ) sidebands and modulation index of the phase modulator.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectrum out of the IM.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectrum out of the PM.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spectrum of the signal out of PIN.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Spectrum of the 36 Hz mm wave.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Experimental and theoretical power level of 36 GHz frequency-sextupled signal.

Equations (3)

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E ( t ) A { cos ( [ ( ω o 2 ω e ) t ] + cos [ ( ω o + 2 ω e ) t + π ] } + B { cos ( [ ( ω o 3 ω e ) t ] + cos [ ( ω o + 3 ω e ) t ] } + C { cos [ ( ω o 4 ω e ) t ] + cos [ ( ω o + 4 ω e ) t + π ] } ,
P ( 6 ω e , D L ) = R { 2 A C [ 1 cos ( 3 D L λ o 2 ω e 2 π c ) ] 2 + ( B 2 2 A C ) } 2 ,
D L = ( π 2 c ) ( 3 λ o 2 ω e 2 ) .

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