Abstract

We demonstrate polarization-insensitive ultralow-power second-harmonic generation frequency-resolved optical gating (FROG) measurements with a fiber-pigtailed, aperiodically poled lithium niobate waveguide. By scrambling the polarization much faster than the measurement integration time, we eliminate the impairment that frequency-independent random polarization fluctuations induce in FROG measurements. As a result we are able to retrieve intensity and phase profiles of few hundred femtosecond optical pulses with 50MHz repetition rates at 5.2nW coupled average power without control of the input polarization.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Kluwer Academic, 2000).
  2. S. Yang, A. M. Weiner, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 30, 2164 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. H. Miao, A. M. Weiner, S. Yang, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, in 15th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Springer, 2006), paper WC2.
  4. J. Huang, X. P. Xie, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 5, 604 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L.-s. Yan, Q. Yu, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Commun. 249, 43 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, and L. E. Nelson, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB-Systems and Impairments, I.P.Kaminow and T.Li, ed. (Academic, 2002), p. 723.
  8. R. D. Nelson, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Opt. Express 11, 1763 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

J. Huang, X. P. Xie, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 5, 604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2003

2000

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

J. Huang, X. P. Xie, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 5, 604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Yang, A. M. Weiner, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 30, 2164 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Miao, A. M. Weiner, S. Yang, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, in 15th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Springer, 2006), paper WC2.

Huang, J.

J. Huang, X. P. Xie, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 5, 604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hum, D. S.

J. Huang, X. P. Xie, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 5, 604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jopson, R. M.

H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, and L. E. Nelson, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB-Systems and Impairments, I.P.Kaminow and T.Li, ed. (Academic, 2002), p. 723.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, and L. E. Nelson, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB-Systems and Impairments, I.P.Kaminow and T.Li, ed. (Academic, 2002), p. 723.

Langrock, C.

J. Huang, X. P. Xie, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 5, 604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Miao, A. M. Weiner, S. Yang, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, in 15th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Springer, 2006), paper WC2.

Leaird, D. E.

Miao, H.

H. Miao, A. M. Weiner, S. Yang, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, in 15th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Springer, 2006), paper WC2.

Nelson, L. E.

H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, and L. E. Nelson, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB-Systems and Impairments, I.P.Kaminow and T.Li, ed. (Academic, 2002), p. 723.

Nelson, R. D.

Parameswaran, K. R.

Roussev, R. V.

J. Huang, X. P. Xie, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 5, 604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Miao, A. M. Weiner, S. Yang, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, in 15th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Springer, 2006), paper WC2.

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Kluwer Academic, 2000).

Weiner, A. M.

S. Yang, A. M. Weiner, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 30, 2164 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. D. Nelson, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Opt. Express 11, 1763 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Miao, A. M. Weiner, S. Yang, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, in 15th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Springer, 2006), paper WC2.

Willner, A. E.

L.-s. Yan, Q. Yu, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Commun. 249, 43 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xie, X. P.

J. Huang, X. P. Xie, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 5, 604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yan, L.-s.

L.-s. Yan, Q. Yu, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Commun. 249, 43 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S.

S. Yang, A. M. Weiner, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 30, 2164 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Miao, A. M. Weiner, S. Yang, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, in 15th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Springer, 2006), paper WC2.

Yu, Q.

L.-s. Yan, Q. Yu, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Commun. 249, 43 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

L.-s. Yan, Q. Yu, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Commun. 249, 43 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

S. Yang, A. M. Weiner, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 30, 2164 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Huang, X. P. Xie, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 5, 604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other

H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, and L. E. Nelson, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB-Systems and Impairments, I.P.Kaminow and T.Li, ed. (Academic, 2002), p. 723.

R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Kluwer Academic, 2000).

H. Miao, A. M. Weiner, S. Yang, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, in 15th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Springer, 2006), paper WC2.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of polarization-insensitive FROG.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

FROG data with time-varying polarization fluctuations intentionally introduced and scrambler off. (a) Measured FROG trace. (b) Retrieved FROG trace. (c) Retrieved spectral intensity and phase profiles. Dashed curve, spectral phase profile; dotted curve, spectrum recorded by OSA. (d) Retrieved temporary intensity profile.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

FROG data with time-varying polarization fluctuations intentionally introduced and scrambler on. (a) Measured FROG trace. (b) Retrieved FROG trace. (c) Retrieved spectral intensity and phase profiles. Dashed curve, spectral phase profile; dotted curve, spectrum recorded by OSA. (d) Retrieved temporary intensity profile.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Setup for dispersion compensation experiment.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Data with pulse shaper inactive. (a) Measured FROG trace. (b) Retrieved FROG trace. (c) Retrieved spectral intensity and phase profiles. Dashed curve, spectral phase profile; dotted curve, spectrum recorded by OSA. (d) Retrieved temporary intensity profile.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Data with pulse shaper programmed for phase compensation. (a) Measured FROG trace. (b) Retrieved FROG trace. (c) Retrieved spectral intensity and phase profiles. Dashed curve, spectral phase profile; dotted curve, spectrum recorded by OSA. (d) Retrieved temporary intensity profile.

Metrics