Abstract

We report the compression of intense, carrier-envelope phase stable mid-IR pulses down to few-cycle duration using an optical filament. A filament in xenon gas is formed by using self-phase stabilized 330μJ 55fs pulses at 2μm produced via difference-frequency generation in a Ti:sapphire-pumped optical parametric amplifier. The ultrabroadband 2μm carrier-wavelength output is self-compressed below 3 optical cycles and has a 270μJ pulse energy. The self-locked phase offset of the 2μm difference-frequency field is preserved after filamentation. This is to our knowledge the first experimental realization of pulse compression in optical filaments at mid-IR wavelengths (λ>0.8μm).

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Haensch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
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2007 (1)

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

2004 (4)

P. Agostini and L. F. DiMauro, Rev. Roum. Phys. 67, 813 (2004).

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Fuji, A. Apolonski, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 29, 632 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Manzoni, G. Cerullo, and S. De Silvestri, Opt. Lett. 29, 2668 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Haensch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

A. Baltuska, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. J. Pearson, J. L. White, T. C. Weinacht, and P. H. Bucksbaum, Phys. Rev. A 63, 063412 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

1997 (1)

1965 (1)

L. V. Keldysh, Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307 (1965).

Agostini, P.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Agostini and L. F. DiMauro, Rev. Roum. Phys. 67, 813 (2004).

Apolonski, A.

Auguste, T.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

T. Fuji, N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, X. Gu, Th. Metzger, A. Baltuska, N. Forget, D. Kaplan, A. Galvanauskas, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 31, 1103 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Haensch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. K. Ranka, A. L. Gaeta, A. Baltuska, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, Opt. Lett. 22, 1344 (1997).
[Crossref]

Biegert, J.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bucksbaum, P. H.

B. J. Pearson, J. L. White, T. C. Weinacht, and P. H. Bucksbaum, Phys. Rev. A 63, 063412 (2002).
[Crossref]

Butkus, R.

A. Dubietis, R. Butkus, and A. P. Piskarkas, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 163 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cerullo, G.

Couairon, A.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[Crossref]

De Silvestri, S.

DiMauro, L. F.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Agostini and L. F. DiMauro, Rev. Roum. Phys. 67, 813 (2004).

Dubietis, A.

A. Dubietis, R. Butkus, and A. P. Piskarkas, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 163 (2006).
[Crossref]

Forget, N.

Fuji, T.

Gaeta, A. L.

Galvanauskas, A.

Gohle, C.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Haensch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gordon, A.

Goulielmakis, E.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Haensch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, X.

Haensch, T. W.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Haensch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hauri, C. P.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[Crossref]

Heinrich, A.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[Crossref]

Helbing, F. W.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hentschel, M.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Haensch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Haensch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishii, N.

Kaertner, F. X.

Kaplan, D.

Keldysh, L. V.

L. V. Keldysh, Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307 (1965).

Keller, U.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, T.

A. Baltuska, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kornelis, W.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[Crossref]

Krausz, F.

Manzoni, C.

Metzger, Th.

Muller, H. G.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mysyrowicz, A.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nicholson, J. W.

Pearson, B. J.

B. J. Pearson, J. L. White, T. C. Weinacht, and P. H. Bucksbaum, Phys. Rev. A 63, 063412 (2002).
[Crossref]

Piskarkas, A. P.

A. Dubietis, R. Butkus, and A. P. Piskarkas, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 163 (2006).
[Crossref]

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

Ranka, J. K.

Rudolph, W.

Salieres, P.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scrinzi, A.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Haensch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tate, J.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Teisset, C. Y.

Udem, T.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Haensch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Haensch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weinacht, T. C.

B. J. Pearson, J. L. White, T. C. Weinacht, and P. H. Bucksbaum, Phys. Rev. A 63, 063412 (2002).
[Crossref]

White, J. L.

B. J. Pearson, J. L. White, T. C. Weinacht, and P. H. Bucksbaum, Phys. Rev. A 63, 063412 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wiersma, D. A.

Yakovlev, V. S.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Haensch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673 (2004).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Dubietis, R. Butkus, and A. P. Piskarkas, IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 163 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Haensch, and F. Krausz, Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

B. J. Pearson, J. L. White, T. C. Weinacht, and P. H. Bucksbaum, Phys. Rev. A 63, 063412 (2002).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Roum. Phys. (1)

P. Agostini and L. F. DiMauro, Rev. Roum. Phys. 67, 813 (2004).

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

L. V. Keldysh, Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307 (1965).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Mid-IR filament pulse compression setup, showing superfluorescence generator (SF), dual-stage OPA, gas cell for filamentation and diagnostics. Inset, fluorescence from a xenon filament. DFG, difference-frequency generation; IAC, interferometric autocorrelator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured interferogram (inset), resulting power spectrum (solid black), best-fit power spectrum (dashed blue), and best-fit spectral phase (dotted red).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured second-order autocorrelation (solid) and best-fit second-order autocorrelation (dashed). Inset, transform-limited intensity profile (solid) and best-fit intensity profile (dashed). The reduced fringe contrast ratio for the second-order autocorrelation trace is due to beam pointing instabilities.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Time series of f-to- 2 f interferograms acquired for 8,800 consecutive laser shots. Each individual interference pattern was integrated over 10 ms (10 shots). (b) Fringe pattern integrated over 12 × 10 4 consecutive laser shots ( 120 s ) .

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