Abstract

A twin-hole optical fiber with pure synthetic silicate glass between the two electrode holes was thermally poled. The induced second-order nonlinearity (SON) was located at the core–cladding interface sections that were nearly parallel to the poling electric field. The polarization dependence of the induced SON suggests that nonlinearity was due to the presence of a space-charge field, which was probably formed by electron migration among the defects located at the core–cladding interface. The magnitude of the induced SON was measured to be 0.06pmV.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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C. Corbari, P. G. Kazansky, S. A. Slattery, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 071106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. An and S. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 101108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

H. An, S. Fleming, and G. Cox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5819 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1998

T. G. Alley, S. R. J. Brueck, and R. A. Myers, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 242, 165 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

T. Fujiwara, M. Takahashi, and A. J. Ikushima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1032 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

W. Margulis, F. Laurell, and B. Lesche, Nature 6558, 699 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

P. G. Kazansky and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 110, 611 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

G. R. Atkins, Z. H. Wang, D. R. McKenzie, M. G. Sceats, and S. B. Poole, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1793 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

1991

1987

1986

Alley, T. G.

T. G. Alley, S. R. J. Brueck, and R. A. Myers, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 242, 165 (1998).
[CrossRef]

An, H.

H. An and S. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 101108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. An, S. Fleming, and G. Cox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5819 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Atkins, G. R.

G. R. Atkins, Z. H. Wang, D. R. McKenzie, M. G. Sceats, and S. B. Poole, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1793 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Brueck, S. R. J.

T. G. Alley, S. R. J. Brueck, and R. A. Myers, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 242, 165 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Myers, N. Mukherjee, and S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 16, 1732 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corbari, C.

C. Corbari, P. G. Kazansky, S. A. Slattery, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 071106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cox, G.

H. An, S. Fleming, and G. Cox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5819 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Driscoll, T. J.

Fleming, S.

H. An and S. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 101108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. An, S. Fleming, and G. Cox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5819 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, T.

T. Fujiwara, M. Takahashi, and A. J. Ikushima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1032 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ikushima, A. J.

T. Fujiwara, M. Takahashi, and A. J. Ikushima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1032 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

C. Corbari, P. G. Kazansky, S. A. Slattery, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 071106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kazansky and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 110, 611 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Laurell, F.

W. Margulis, F. Laurell, and B. Lesche, Nature 6558, 699 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lawandy, N. M.

Lesche, B.

W. Margulis, F. Laurell, and B. Lesche, Nature 6558, 699 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Margulis, W.

W. Margulis, F. Laurell, and B. Lesche, Nature 6558, 699 (1995).
[CrossRef]

U. Österberg and W. Margulis, Opt. Lett. 11, 516 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McKenzie, D. R.

G. R. Atkins, Z. H. Wang, D. R. McKenzie, M. G. Sceats, and S. B. Poole, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1793 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, N.

Myers, R. A.

T. G. Alley, S. R. J. Brueck, and R. A. Myers, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 242, 165 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Myers, N. Mukherjee, and S. R. J. Brueck, Opt. Lett. 16, 1732 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nikogosyan, D. N.

C. Corbari, P. G. Kazansky, S. A. Slattery, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 071106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Österberg, U.

Poole, S. B.

G. R. Atkins, Z. H. Wang, D. R. McKenzie, M. G. Sceats, and S. B. Poole, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1793 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

P. G. Kazansky and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 110, 611 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sceats, M. G.

G. R. Atkins, Z. H. Wang, D. R. McKenzie, M. G. Sceats, and S. B. Poole, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1793 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Slattery, S. A.

C. Corbari, P. G. Kazansky, S. A. Slattery, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 071106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

Takahashi, M.

T. Fujiwara, M. Takahashi, and A. J. Ikushima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1032 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tom, H. W. K.

Wang, Z. H.

G. R. Atkins, Z. H. Wang, D. R. McKenzie, M. G. Sceats, and S. B. Poole, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1793 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

T. Fujiwara, M. Takahashi, and A. J. Ikushima, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1032 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Corbari, P. G. Kazansky, S. A. Slattery, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 071106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. An, S. Fleming, and G. Cox, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5819 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. An and S. Fleming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 101108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

G. R. Atkins, Z. H. Wang, D. R. McKenzie, M. G. Sceats, and S. B. Poole, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1793 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

T. G. Alley, S. R. J. Brueck, and R. A. Myers, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 242, 165 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nature

W. Margulis, F. Laurell, and B. Lesche, Nature 6558, 699 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

P. G. Kazansky and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Commun. 110, 611 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cross-section view of the twin-hole optical fiber used in this experiment.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SON profile in fiber sample poled for 15 min at 3.5 kV and 280 ° C . (a) SH image only. (b) Overlay of SH and direct optical images. (c) SH generation profile across the core–cladding interface, with the scanning line shown in the inset.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Configuration of the polishing block and corresponding micrographs from the polished surface: (a) front view, (b) side view, (c) image from ordinary light microscopy, (d) image from SH microscopy.

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