Abstract

Mode coupling between the fundamental core mode of an as-drawn optical fiber operating far from cutoff and higher-order modes in the plastic jacketing has been observed. In one fiber, the transmission spectrum of the core exhibited five distinct minima between 1200 and 1900nm. By approximating the fiber jacket as an asymmetric slab waveguide of infinite lateral extent, the wavelengths of these transmission features were successfully predicted using coupled-mode theory. Since conditions at the jacket surface influence the transmission spectrum, this coupling effect potentially enables new applications for environmental sensing.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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O. S. Wolfbeis, Anal. Chem. 78, 3859 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

A. Cusano, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and G. Guerra, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 234105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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L. Dong, G. E. Berkey, P. Chen, and D. L. Weidman, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Nikolov and C. D. Ivanov, Appl. Opt. 39, 2067 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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D. Flannery, S. W. James, R. P. Tatam, G. J. Ashwell, D. W. Allen, and X. Li, Proc. SPIE 3105, 144 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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A. J. C. Tubb, F. P. Payne, R. Millington, and C. R. Lowe, Electron. Lett. 31, 1770 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).
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1971 (1)

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L. Dong, G. E. Berkey, P. Chen, and D. L. Weidman, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 7 (2000).
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A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Campopiano, S.

A. Cusano, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and G. Guerra, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 234105 (2005).
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B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).
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L. Dong, G. E. Berkey, P. Chen, and D. L. Weidman, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 7 (2000).
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A. Cusano, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and G. Guerra, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 234105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).
[CrossRef]

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B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).
[CrossRef]

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A. Cusano, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and G. Guerra, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 234105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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L. Dong, G. E. Berkey, P. Chen, and D. L. Weidman, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Flannery, D.

D. Flannery, S. W. James, R. P. Tatam, G. J. Ashwell, D. W. Allen, and X. Li, Proc. SPIE 3105, 144 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Giordano, M.

A. Cusano, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and G. Guerra, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 234105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gloge, D.

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A. Cusano, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and G. Guerra, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 234105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Iadicicco, A.

A. Cusano, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and G. Guerra, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 234105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, C. D.

James, S. W.

D. Flannery, S. W. James, R. P. Tatam, G. J. Ashwell, D. W. Allen, and X. Li, Proc. SPIE 3105, 144 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jones, A. L.

Judkins, J. B.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

Lemaire, P. J.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

D. Flannery, S. W. James, R. P. Tatam, G. J. Ashwell, D. W. Allen, and X. Li, Proc. SPIE 3105, 144 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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A. J. C. Tubb, F. P. Payne, R. Millington, and C. R. Lowe, Electron. Lett. 31, 1770 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).
[CrossRef]

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A. J. C. Tubb, F. P. Payne, R. Millington, and C. R. Lowe, Electron. Lett. 31, 1770 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).
[CrossRef]

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B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).
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Norris, J.

B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Payne, F. P.

A. J. C. Tubb, F. P. Payne, R. Millington, and C. R. Lowe, Electron. Lett. 31, 1770 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pilla, P.

A. Cusano, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and G. Guerra, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 234105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pinchbeck, D.

B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ramaswamy, V.

Sipe, J. E.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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E. Snitzer, Advances in Quantum Electronics (Columbia U. Press, 1961).

Stewart, G.

B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tatam, R. P.

D. Flannery, S. W. James, R. P. Tatam, G. J. Ashwell, D. W. Allen, and X. Li, Proc. SPIE 3105, 144 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, H. F.

H. F. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 8, 421 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Tubb, A. J. C.

A. J. C. Tubb, F. P. Payne, R. Millington, and C. R. Lowe, Electron. Lett. 31, 1770 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Van Ewyk, R.

B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Vengsarkar, A. M.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Weidman, D. L.

L. Dong, G. E. Berkey, P. Chen, and D. L. Weidman, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wilkinson, M.

B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Williams, D.

B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wolfbeis, O. S.

O. S. Wolfbeis, Anal. Chem. 78, 3859 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anal. Chem. (1)

O. S. Wolfbeis, Anal. Chem. 78, 3859 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Cusano, P. Pilla, L. Contessa, A. Iadicicco, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, M. Giordano, and G. Guerra, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 234105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. J. C. Tubb, F. P. Payne, R. Millington, and C. R. Lowe, Electron. Lett. 31, 1770 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, G. E. Berkey, P. Chen, and D. L. Weidman, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. F. Taylor, Opt. Commun. 8, 421 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

D. Flannery, S. W. James, R. P. Tatam, G. J. Ashwell, D. W. Allen, and X. Li, Proc. SPIE 3105, 144 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

E. Snitzer, Advances in Quantum Electronics (Columbia U. Press, 1961).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Top: transmission spectrum of fiber A (solid curve) and corresponding coupled-mode predictions (dashed lines). Bottom: effective indices of core (bold curve) and jacket modes (thin curves) in fiber A.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Fiber cross section and expanded view showing planar approximation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Top: transmission spectrum of fiber B (solid curve) and corresponding coupled-mode predictions (dashed lines). Bottom: calculated effective indices for modes in fiber B.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Sample Fiber Parameters

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