Abstract

We realize a novel photonic microwave phase shifter/modulator based on a nonlinear optical loop mirror incorporating a Mach–Zehnder interferometer. A near-linear phase shifter exceeding 180° and a phase modulation with 2.5Gbits baseband signal are obtained for a 10GHz microwave signal by this proposed device.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. S. Birkmayer and M. J. Wale, IEE Proc.-J: Optoelectron. 139, 301 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, and G. A. Knight, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 45, 1003 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. Han, H. Erlig, D. Chang, M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, W. Steier, and H. Fetterman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 531 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  4. M. R. Fisher and S. L. Chuang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1714 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  5. A. Loayssa and F. Javier Lahoz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 208 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  6. C. Kolleck and U. Hempelmann, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1906 (1997).
    [Crossref]

2006 (2)

M. R. Fisher and S. L. Chuang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1714 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Loayssa and F. Javier Lahoz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 208 (2006).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

J. Han, H. Erlig, D. Chang, M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, W. Steier, and H. Fetterman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 531 (2002).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

C. Kolleck and U. Hempelmann, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1906 (1997).
[Crossref]

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, and G. A. Knight, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 45, 1003 (1997).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

W. S. Birkmayer and M. J. Wale, IEE Proc.-J: Optoelectron. 139, 301 (1992).
[Crossref]

Birkmayer, W. S.

W. S. Birkmayer and M. J. Wale, IEE Proc.-J: Optoelectron. 139, 301 (1992).
[Crossref]

Chang, D.

J. Han, H. Erlig, D. Chang, M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, W. Steier, and H. Fetterman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 531 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chuang, S. L.

M. R. Fisher and S. L. Chuang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1714 (2006).
[Crossref]

Erlig, H.

J. Han, H. Erlig, D. Chang, M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, W. Steier, and H. Fetterman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 531 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fetterman, H.

J. Han, H. Erlig, D. Chang, M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, W. Steier, and H. Fetterman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 531 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fisher, M. R.

M. R. Fisher and S. L. Chuang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1714 (2006).
[Crossref]

Han, J.

J. Han, H. Erlig, D. Chang, M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, W. Steier, and H. Fetterman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 531 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hempelmann, U.

C. Kolleck and U. Hempelmann, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1906 (1997).
[Crossref]

Javier Lahoz, F.

A. Loayssa and F. Javier Lahoz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 208 (2006).
[Crossref]

Knight, G. A.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, and G. A. Knight, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 45, 1003 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kolleck, C.

C. Kolleck and U. Hempelmann, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1906 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lindsay, A. C.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, and G. A. Knight, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 45, 1003 (1997).
[Crossref]

Loayssa, A.

A. Loayssa and F. Javier Lahoz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 208 (2006).
[Crossref]

Oh, M.-C.

J. Han, H. Erlig, D. Chang, M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, W. Steier, and H. Fetterman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 531 (2002).
[Crossref]

Steier, W.

J. Han, H. Erlig, D. Chang, M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, W. Steier, and H. Fetterman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 531 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wale, M. J.

W. S. Birkmayer and M. J. Wale, IEE Proc.-J: Optoelectron. 139, 301 (1992).
[Crossref]

Winnall, S. T.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, and G. A. Knight, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 45, 1003 (1997).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

J. Han, H. Erlig, D. Chang, M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, W. Steier, and H. Fetterman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 531 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

J. Han, H. Erlig, D. Chang, M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, W. Steier, and H. Fetterman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 531 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEE Proc.-J: Optoelectron. (1)

W. S. Birkmayer and M. J. Wale, IEE Proc.-J: Optoelectron. 139, 301 (1992).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

J. Han, H. Erlig, D. Chang, M.-C. Oh, H. Zhang, C. Zhang, W. Steier, and H. Fetterman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 531 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. R. Fisher and S. L. Chuang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1714 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Loayssa and F. Javier Lahoz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 208 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, and G. A. Knight, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 45, 1003 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

C. Kolleck and U. Hempelmann, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1906 (1997).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for the photonic microwave phase shifter. WDM, wavelength division multiplexer. Other abbreviations defined in text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured RF phase shift versus the optical power of the control light.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical spectra of the optical single sideband signal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Waveforms and eye diagrams of a, control signal; b, original microwave signal; c, microwave signal with a 180 ° phase shift.

Equations (7)

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E OSSB = A c exp j ( ω c t ) + A s exp j ( ω c ω RF ) t ,
φ c = 2 γ L P control ( t ) ,
φ s = 2 3 γ L P control ( t ) ¯ ,
E out = A c exp j ( ω c t + φ c ) + A s exp j [ ( ω c ω RF ) t + φ s ] .
i AC ( t ) = 2 R A c A s cos ( ω RF t + Δ φ ) ,
Δ φ = φ c φ s = 2 γ L ( P control ( t ) 1 3 P control ( t ) ¯ ) ,
Δ φ = φ c φ s = 4 3 γ L P control .

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