Abstract

Nonlinear refraction spectroscopy has been performed in Yb3+-doped phosphate glass to determinate the line shape of real and imaginary parts of n2 (n2 and n2). The n2 spectrum presented an asymmetric feature due to the interference of resonant and nonresonant contributions, where the nonresonant term arises from the polarizability difference between excited and ground states (Δα). The measurements were performed in the transient regime to determine population dynamics and the pump saturation intensity at 975nm (peak of the absorption spectrum). Because of the small quantum defect of Yb3+, we estimated that the magnitude of the thermal lens effect is 20 times smaller than the population lens effect, caused by n2.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. V. Pilla, P. R. Impinnisi, and T. Catunda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 817 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. C. Powell, Physics of Solid-State Lasers Materials (Springer-Verlag, 1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. C. Powell, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, and G. D. Wilke, Opt. Lett. 14, 1204 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. M. Lima, H. Jiao, L. A. O. Nunes, and T. Catunda, Opt. Lett. 27, 845 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. C. Oliveira and S. C. Zilio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2121 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Sheik-bahae, A. A. Said, and E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Lett. 14, 955 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. V. S. Butylkin, A. E. Kaplan, and Y. Khronopulo, Sov. Phys. JETP 32, 501 (1971).
  8. G. Lei, J. E. Anderson, M. I. Buchwald, B. C. Edwards, R. I. Epstein, M. T. Murtagh, and G. H. Sigel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1839 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeykin, A. P. Savikin, E. V. Ivakin, and A. V. Sukhadolau, Opt. Lett. 31, 763 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. W. Arkwright, P. Elango, G. R. Atkins, T. Whitbread, and M. J. F. Digonnet, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 798 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. A. Andrade, E. Tenorio, T. Catunda, M. L. Baesso, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 395 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Jacinto, D. N. Messias, A. A. Andrade, S. M. Lima, M. L. Baesso, and T. Catunda, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 3582 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2006

C. Jacinto, D. N. Messias, A. A. Andrade, S. M. Lima, M. L. Baesso, and T. Catunda, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 3582 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Antipov, D. V. Bredikhin, O. N. Eremeykin, A. P. Savikin, E. V. Ivakin, and A. V. Sukhadolau, Opt. Lett. 31, 763 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

1999

1998

J. W. Arkwright, P. Elango, G. R. Atkins, T. Whitbread, and M. J. F. Digonnet, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 798 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Lei, J. E. Anderson, M. I. Buchwald, B. C. Edwards, R. I. Epstein, M. T. Murtagh, and G. H. Sigel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1839 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

V. Pilla, P. R. Impinnisi, and T. Catunda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 817 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

L. C. Oliveira and S. C. Zilio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2121 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989

1971

V. S. Butylkin, A. E. Kaplan, and Y. Khronopulo, Sov. Phys. JETP 32, 501 (1971).

Anderson, J. E.

G. Lei, J. E. Anderson, M. I. Buchwald, B. C. Edwards, R. I. Epstein, M. T. Murtagh, and G. H. Sigel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1839 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Andrade, A. A.

C. Jacinto, D. N. Messias, A. A. Andrade, S. M. Lima, M. L. Baesso, and T. Catunda, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 3582 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Andrade, E. Tenorio, T. Catunda, M. L. Baesso, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 395 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Antipov, O. L.

Arkwright, J. W.

Atkins, G. R.

Baesso, M. L.

C. Jacinto, D. N. Messias, A. A. Andrade, S. M. Lima, M. L. Baesso, and T. Catunda, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 3582 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Andrade, E. Tenorio, T. Catunda, M. L. Baesso, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 395 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bredikhin, D. V.

Buchwald, M. I.

G. Lei, J. E. Anderson, M. I. Buchwald, B. C. Edwards, R. I. Epstein, M. T. Murtagh, and G. H. Sigel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1839 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Butylkin, V. S.

V. S. Butylkin, A. E. Kaplan, and Y. Khronopulo, Sov. Phys. JETP 32, 501 (1971).

Cassanho, A.

Catunda, T.

C. Jacinto, D. N. Messias, A. A. Andrade, S. M. Lima, M. L. Baesso, and T. Catunda, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 3582 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Lima, H. Jiao, L. A. O. Nunes, and T. Catunda, Opt. Lett. 27, 845 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Andrade, E. Tenorio, T. Catunda, M. L. Baesso, A. Cassanho, and H. P. Jenssen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 395 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Pilla, P. R. Impinnisi, and T. Catunda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 817 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Edwards, B. C.

G. Lei, J. E. Anderson, M. I. Buchwald, B. C. Edwards, R. I. Epstein, M. T. Murtagh, and G. H. Sigel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1839 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Elango, P.

Epstein, R. I.

G. Lei, J. E. Anderson, M. I. Buchwald, B. C. Edwards, R. I. Epstein, M. T. Murtagh, and G. H. Sigel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1839 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eremeykin, O. N.

Impinnisi, P. R.

V. Pilla, P. R. Impinnisi, and T. Catunda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 817 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ivakin, E. V.

Jacinto, C.

C. Jacinto, D. N. Messias, A. A. Andrade, S. M. Lima, M. L. Baesso, and T. Catunda, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 3582 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jenssen, H. P.

Jiao, H.

Kaplan, A. E.

V. S. Butylkin, A. E. Kaplan, and Y. Khronopulo, Sov. Phys. JETP 32, 501 (1971).

Khronopulo, Y.

V. S. Butylkin, A. E. Kaplan, and Y. Khronopulo, Sov. Phys. JETP 32, 501 (1971).

Lei, G.

G. Lei, J. E. Anderson, M. I. Buchwald, B. C. Edwards, R. I. Epstein, M. T. Murtagh, and G. H. Sigel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1839 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lima, S. M.

C. Jacinto, D. N. Messias, A. A. Andrade, S. M. Lima, M. L. Baesso, and T. Catunda, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 3582 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Lima, H. Jiao, L. A. O. Nunes, and T. Catunda, Opt. Lett. 27, 845 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Messias, D. N.

C. Jacinto, D. N. Messias, A. A. Andrade, S. M. Lima, M. L. Baesso, and T. Catunda, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 3582 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Murtagh, M. T.

G. Lei, J. E. Anderson, M. I. Buchwald, B. C. Edwards, R. I. Epstein, M. T. Murtagh, and G. H. Sigel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1839 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nunes, L. A. O.

Oliveira, L. C.

L. C. Oliveira and S. C. Zilio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2121 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

Pilla, V.

V. Pilla, P. R. Impinnisi, and T. Catunda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 817 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Powell, R. C.

R. C. Powell, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, and G. D. Wilke, Opt. Lett. 14, 1204 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. C. Powell, Physics of Solid-State Lasers Materials (Springer-Verlag, 1998).
[CrossRef]

Said, A. A.

Savikin, A. P.

Sheik-bahae, M.

Sigel, G. H.

G. Lei, J. E. Anderson, M. I. Buchwald, B. C. Edwards, R. I. Epstein, M. T. Murtagh, and G. H. Sigel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1839 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sukhadolau, A. V.

Tenorio, E.

Van Stryland, E. W.

Whitbread, T.

Wilke, G. D.

Zilio, S. C.

L. C. Oliveira and S. C. Zilio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2121 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

V. Pilla, P. R. Impinnisi, and T. Catunda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 817 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. C. Oliveira and S. C. Zilio, Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2121 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

G. Lei, J. E. Anderson, M. I. Buchwald, B. C. Edwards, R. I. Epstein, M. T. Murtagh, and G. H. Sigel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1839 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

C. Jacinto, D. N. Messias, A. A. Andrade, S. M. Lima, M. L. Baesso, and T. Catunda, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 3582 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Lett.

Sov. Phys. JETP

V. S. Butylkin, A. E. Kaplan, and Y. Khronopulo, Sov. Phys. JETP 32, 501 (1971).

Other

R. C. Powell, Physics of Solid-State Lasers Materials (Springer-Verlag, 1998).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Wavelength dependence of the complex nonlinear refractive index, n 2 = n 2 i n 2 , in the absorption range of Yb 3 + -doped glass. For comparison, the linear absorption spectrum is also shown.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Nonlinear refractive index line shape around the absorption peak. The filled and empty circles denote the real and imaginary wavelength behavior of n 2 , respectively. The continuous lines represent the theoretical fit by Eq. (1). The dispersive character of n 2 α abs is shown at the bottom.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Intensity ( I ) dependence of the nonlinear absorption response time ( τ ) . The curve of τ 1 versus I was fitted by a straight line. The inset shows a typical transient signal adjusted by an exponential to obtain τ.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n 2 = α abs ( 0 ) 2 k I s i + δ + A ( 1 + δ 2 ) ( 1 + δ 2 ) 2 ,

Metrics