Abstract

We report an all-fiber polarization switch made out of silica-based microstructured fiber suitable for Q-switching all-fiber lasers. Nanosecond high-voltage pulses are used to heat and expand an internal electrode to cause λ2-polarization rotation in less than 10ns for 1.5μm light. The 10cm long component has an experimentally measured optical insertion loss of 0.2dB and a 010kHz repetition frequency capacity and has been durability tested for more than 109 pulses.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. V. Chernikov, Y. Zhu, J. R. Taylor, and V. P. Gapontsev, Opt. Lett. 22, 298 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  3. N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Opt. Commun. 210, 361 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Pérez-Millán, A. Díez, M. V. Andrés, D. Zalvidea, and R. Duchowicz, Opt. Express 13, 5046 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. V. Andersen, P. Pérez-Millán, S. R. Keiding, S. Agger, R. Duchowics, and M. V. Andrés, Opt. Commun. 260, 251 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Russo, S. Noriega, D. Zalvidea, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, Proc. SPIE 5622, 296 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Delegado-Pinar, D. Zalvidea, A. Díes, P. Pérez-Millán, and M. V. Andrés, Opt. Express 14, 1106 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Joeng, Y. Kim, A. Liem, K. Moerl, S. Hoefer, A. Tuennermann, and K. Oh, Opt. Express 13, 10302 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Å. Claesson, S. Smuk, H. Arsalane, W. Margulis, T. Naterstad, E. Zimmer, and A. Malthe-Sørenssen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper MF35.
  10. O. Tarasenko, Å. Claesson, and W. Margulis, 'All-fiber polarisation control,' presented at Australian Conference on Optical Fiber Telecommunications (ACOFT 05), Sydney, Australia, July 2005.
  11. A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, P. Balcou, E. Forster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, Nature 410, 65 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. Gusarov, N. H. Ky, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathe, and G. R. Fox, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2771 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (2)

T. V. Andersen, P. Pérez-Millán, S. R. Keiding, S. Agger, R. Duchowics, and M. V. Andrés, Opt. Commun. 260, 251 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Delegado-Pinar, D. Zalvidea, A. Díes, P. Pérez-Millán, and M. V. Andrés, Opt. Express 14, 1106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

N. Russo, S. Noriega, D. Zalvidea, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, Proc. SPIE 5622, 296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Opt. Commun. 210, 361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, P. Balcou, E. Forster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, Nature 410, 65 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

A. Gusarov, N. H. Ky, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathe, and G. R. Fox, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2771 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Agger, S.

T. V. Andersen, P. Pérez-Millán, S. R. Keiding, S. Agger, R. Duchowics, and M. V. Andrés, Opt. Commun. 260, 251 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, T. V.

T. V. Andersen, P. Pérez-Millán, S. R. Keiding, S. Agger, R. Duchowics, and M. V. Andrés, Opt. Commun. 260, 251 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Andres, M. V.

N. Russo, S. Noriega, D. Zalvidea, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, Proc. SPIE 5622, 296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Andrés, M. V.

T. V. Andersen, P. Pérez-Millán, S. R. Keiding, S. Agger, R. Duchowics, and M. V. Andrés, Opt. Commun. 260, 251 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Delegado-Pinar, D. Zalvidea, A. Díes, P. Pérez-Millán, and M. V. Andrés, Opt. Express 14, 1106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Pérez-Millán, A. Díez, M. V. Andrés, D. Zalvidea, and R. Duchowicz, Opt. Express 13, 5046 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Opt. Commun. 210, 361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Arsalane, H.

Å. Claesson, S. Smuk, H. Arsalane, W. Margulis, T. Naterstad, E. Zimmer, and A. Malthe-Sørenssen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper MF35.

Audebert, P.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, P. Balcou, E. Forster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, Nature 410, 65 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balcou, P.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, P. Balcou, E. Forster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, Nature 410, 65 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chernikov, S. V.

Claesson, Å.

Å. Claesson, S. Smuk, H. Arsalane, W. Margulis, T. Naterstad, E. Zimmer, and A. Malthe-Sørenssen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper MF35.

O. Tarasenko, Å. Claesson, and W. Margulis, 'All-fiber polarisation control,' presented at Australian Conference on Optical Fiber Telecommunications (ACOFT 05), Sydney, Australia, July 2005.

Cruz, J. L.

N. Russo, S. Noriega, D. Zalvidea, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, Proc. SPIE 5622, 296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Opt. Commun. 210, 361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Delegado-Pinar, M.

Delgado-Pinar, M.

N. Russo, S. Noriega, D. Zalvidea, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, Proc. SPIE 5622, 296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Díes, A.

Diez, A.

N. Russo, S. Noriega, D. Zalvidea, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, Proc. SPIE 5622, 296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Díez, A.

Duchowics, R.

T. V. Andersen, P. Pérez-Millán, S. R. Keiding, S. Agger, R. Duchowics, and M. V. Andrés, Opt. Commun. 260, 251 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Duchowicz, R.

P. Pérez-Millán, A. Díez, M. V. Andrés, D. Zalvidea, and R. Duchowicz, Opt. Express 13, 5046 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Russo, S. Noriega, D. Zalvidea, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, Proc. SPIE 5622, 296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Opt. Commun. 210, 361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Forster, E.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, P. Balcou, E. Forster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, Nature 410, 65 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fourmaux, S.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, P. Balcou, E. Forster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, Nature 410, 65 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fox, G. R.

A. Gusarov, N. H. Ky, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathe, and G. R. Fox, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2771 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gapontsev, V. P.

Gauthier, J. C.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, P. Balcou, E. Forster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, Nature 410, 65 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geindre, J. P.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, P. Balcou, E. Forster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, Nature 410, 65 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geng, J.

Y. Kaneda, Y. Hu, C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, and S. Jiang, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP6.

Grillon, G.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, P. Balcou, E. Forster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, Nature 410, 65 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gusarov, A.

A. Gusarov, N. H. Ky, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathe, and G. R. Fox, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2771 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hoefer, S.

Hu, Y.

Y. Kaneda, Y. Hu, C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, and S. Jiang, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP6.

Hulin, D.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, P. Balcou, E. Forster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, Nature 410, 65 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, S.

Y. Kaneda, Y. Hu, C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, and S. Jiang, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP6.

Joeng, Y.

Kaneda, Y.

Y. Kaneda, Y. Hu, C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, and S. Jiang, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP6.

Keiding, S. R.

T. V. Andersen, P. Pérez-Millán, S. R. Keiding, S. Agger, R. Duchowics, and M. V. Andrés, Opt. Commun. 260, 251 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.

Ky, N. H.

A. Gusarov, N. H. Ky, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathe, and G. R. Fox, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2771 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Liem, A.

Limberger, H. G.

A. Gusarov, N. H. Ky, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathe, and G. R. Fox, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2771 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Malthe-Sørenssen, A.

Å. Claesson, S. Smuk, H. Arsalane, W. Margulis, T. Naterstad, E. Zimmer, and A. Malthe-Sørenssen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper MF35.

Margulis, W.

Å. Claesson, S. Smuk, H. Arsalane, W. Margulis, T. Naterstad, E. Zimmer, and A. Malthe-Sørenssen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper MF35.

O. Tarasenko, Å. Claesson, and W. Margulis, 'All-fiber polarisation control,' presented at Australian Conference on Optical Fiber Telecommunications (ACOFT 05), Sydney, Australia, July 2005.

Moerl, K.

Mora, J.

N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Opt. Commun. 210, 361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Naterstad, T.

Å. Claesson, S. Smuk, H. Arsalane, W. Margulis, T. Naterstad, E. Zimmer, and A. Malthe-Sørenssen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper MF35.

Noriega, S.

N. Russo, S. Noriega, D. Zalvidea, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, Proc. SPIE 5622, 296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Oh, K.

Pérez-Millán, P.

Rischel, C.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, P. Balcou, E. Forster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, Nature 410, 65 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rousse, A.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, P. Balcou, E. Forster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, Nature 410, 65 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russo, N.

N. Russo, S. Noriega, D. Zalvidea, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, Proc. SPIE 5622, 296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Russo, N. A.

N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Opt. Commun. 210, 361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Salathe, R. P.

A. Gusarov, N. H. Ky, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathe, and G. R. Fox, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2771 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sebban, S.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, P. Balcou, E. Forster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, Nature 410, 65 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smuk, S.

Å. Claesson, S. Smuk, H. Arsalane, W. Margulis, T. Naterstad, E. Zimmer, and A. Malthe-Sørenssen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper MF35.

Spiegelberg, C.

Y. Kaneda, Y. Hu, C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, and S. Jiang, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP6.

Tarasenko, O.

O. Tarasenko, Å. Claesson, and W. Margulis, 'All-fiber polarisation control,' presented at Australian Conference on Optical Fiber Telecommunications (ACOFT 05), Sydney, Australia, July 2005.

Taylor, J. R.

Tuennermann, A.

Uschmann, I.

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, P. Balcou, E. Forster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, Nature 410, 65 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zalvidea, D.

Zhu, Y.

Zimmer, E.

Å. Claesson, S. Smuk, H. Arsalane, W. Margulis, T. Naterstad, E. Zimmer, and A. Malthe-Sørenssen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper MF35.

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

A. Gusarov, N. H. Ky, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathe, and G. R. Fox, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2771 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

A. Rousse, C. Rischel, S. Fourmaux, I. Uschmann, S. Sebban, G. Grillon, P. Balcou, E. Forster, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J. C. Gauthier, and D. Hulin, Nature 410, 65 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (2)

N. A. Russo, R. Duchowicz, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, Opt. Commun. 210, 361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Andersen, P. Pérez-Millán, S. R. Keiding, S. Agger, R. Duchowics, and M. V. Andrés, Opt. Commun. 260, 251 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

N. Russo, S. Noriega, D. Zalvidea, R. Duchowicz, M. Delgado-Pinar, A. Diez, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andres, Proc. SPIE 5622, 296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

Å. Claesson, S. Smuk, H. Arsalane, W. Margulis, T. Naterstad, E. Zimmer, and A. Malthe-Sørenssen, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper MF35.

O. Tarasenko, Å. Claesson, and W. Margulis, 'All-fiber polarisation control,' presented at Australian Conference on Optical Fiber Telecommunications (ACOFT 05), Sydney, Australia, July 2005.

Y. Kaneda, Y. Hu, C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, and S. Jiang, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP6.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic picture of the all-fiber polarization switch with connections to the internal electrode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

General setup for characterization of the optical response after the applied high-voltage pulse.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Left, applied 30 ns , 1.2 kV high-voltage pulse measured with a 1 Ω probe. Right, optical response with an 8 ns rise time of a BiSn component; inset, decay time in microseconds.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical response from high-voltage pulses at (left) 10 kHz and (right) 3 kHz applied to an AuSn component mounted on a Peltier cooler.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Left, optical switching obtained with a 2 kV , 10 ns high-voltage pulse applied to a four-hole fiber with one BiSn electrode. Right, optical switching with a 1.2 kV , 30 ns high-voltage pulse applied to a polished two-hole fiber. Both configurations had insertion loss of 2 dB , PDL < 0.1 dB , static DGD 0.1 ps .

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