Abstract

Stable, narrow-linewidth optical sources are necessary in modern atomic physics. An appealing approach to achieving 10kHz frequency stability is optical feedback. We have designed a compact external cavity diode laser with optical feedback to a filter cavity mounted on a single baseplate and enclosed inside a vacuum sealed box. The design was implemented for three wavelengths addressing the 422nm cooling, 1091nm repumping, and 674nm clock transition lines of Sr+. We are able to cool a single, trapped strontium ion to 2mK and observe motional sidebands of the 5S124D52 transition.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Ohtsu and S. Kotajima, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 1905 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Hemmerich, D. H. McIntyre, D. Schropp, Jr., D. Meschede, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 75, 118 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. K. Toyoda, A. Miura, S. Urabe, K. Hayasaka, and M. Watanabe, Opt. Lett. 26, 1897 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Hayasaka, S. Urabe, and M. Watanabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L687 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. A. Barton, C. J. S. Donald, D. M. Lucas, D. A. Stevens, A. M. Steane, and D. N. Stacey, Phys. Rev. A 62, 032503 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. P. T. Lancaster, H. Haffner, M. A. Wilson, C. Becher, J. Eschner, F. Schmidt-Kaler, and R. Blatt, Appl. Phys. B 76, 805 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Ohshima and H. Schnatz, J. Appl. Phys. 71, 3114 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, and Ch. Breant, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1131 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Hayasaka, Opt. Commun. 206, 401 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Toyoda, Y. Kubota, T. Okano, and S. Urabe, Appl. Phys. B 82, 25 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. Schnier and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 105, 388 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Furukawa, J. Nishimura, U. Tanaka, and S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 7619 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. C. Berquist, W. M. Itano, and D. J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. A 36, 428 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  17. V. Letchumanan, P. Gill, and A. G. Sinclair, Phys. Rev. A 70, 033419 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

K. Toyoda, Y. Kubota, T. Okano, and S. Urabe, Appl. Phys. B 82, 25 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

T. Furukawa, J. Nishimura, U. Tanaka, and S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 7619 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

V. Letchumanan, P. Gill, and A. G. Sinclair, Phys. Rev. A 70, 033419 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

G. P. T. Lancaster, H. Haffner, M. A. Wilson, C. Becher, J. Eschner, F. Schmidt-Kaler, and R. Blatt, Appl. Phys. B 76, 805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

K. Hayasaka, Opt. Commun. 206, 401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

K. Hayasaka, S. Urabe, and M. Watanabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L687 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Barton, C. J. S. Donald, D. M. Lucas, D. A. Stevens, A. M. Steane, and D. N. Stacey, Phys. Rev. A 62, 032503 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

D. Schnier and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 105, 388 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

S. Ohshima and H. Schnatz, J. Appl. Phys. 71, 3114 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

C. Shin and M. Ohtsu, Opt. Lett. 15, 1455 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Hemmerich, D. H. McIntyre, D. Schropp, Jr., D. Meschede, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 75, 118 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, and Ch. Breant, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1131 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

J. C. Berquist, W. M. Itano, and D. J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. A 36, 428 (1987).
[CrossRef]

B. Dahmani, L. Hollberg, and R. Drullinger, Opt. Lett. 12, 876 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (2)

S. Saito, O. Nilsson, and Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 3 (1985).
[CrossRef]

M. Ohtsu and S. Kotajima, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 1905 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Barton, P. A.

P. A. Barton, C. J. S. Donald, D. M. Lucas, D. A. Stevens, A. M. Steane, and D. N. Stacey, Phys. Rev. A 62, 032503 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Becher, C.

G. P. T. Lancaster, H. Haffner, M. A. Wilson, C. Becher, J. Eschner, F. Schmidt-Kaler, and R. Blatt, Appl. Phys. B 76, 805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Berquist, J. C.

J. C. Berquist, W. M. Itano, and D. J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. A 36, 428 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Blatt, R.

G. P. T. Lancaster, H. Haffner, M. A. Wilson, C. Becher, J. Eschner, F. Schmidt-Kaler, and R. Blatt, Appl. Phys. B 76, 805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Breant, Ch.

Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, and Ch. Breant, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1131 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Clairon, A.

Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, and Ch. Breant, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1131 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Dahmani, B.

Donald, C. J. S.

P. A. Barton, C. J. S. Donald, D. M. Lucas, D. A. Stevens, A. M. Steane, and D. N. Stacey, Phys. Rev. A 62, 032503 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Drullinger, R.

Eschner, J.

G. P. T. Lancaster, H. Haffner, M. A. Wilson, C. Becher, J. Eschner, F. Schmidt-Kaler, and R. Blatt, Appl. Phys. B 76, 805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Furukawa, T.

T. Furukawa, J. Nishimura, U. Tanaka, and S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 7619 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gill, P.

V. Letchumanan, P. Gill, and A. G. Sinclair, Phys. Rev. A 70, 033419 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Haffner, H.

G. P. T. Lancaster, H. Haffner, M. A. Wilson, C. Becher, J. Eschner, F. Schmidt-Kaler, and R. Blatt, Appl. Phys. B 76, 805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Hemmerich, D. H. McIntyre, D. Schropp, Jr., D. Meschede, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 75, 118 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hayasaka, K.

K. Hayasaka, Opt. Commun. 206, 401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Toyoda, A. Miura, S. Urabe, K. Hayasaka, and M. Watanabe, Opt. Lett. 26, 1897 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Hayasaka, S. Urabe, and M. Watanabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L687 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hemmerich, A.

A. Hemmerich, D. H. McIntyre, D. Schropp, Jr., D. Meschede, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 75, 118 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

Itano, W. M.

J. C. Berquist, W. M. Itano, and D. J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. A 36, 428 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kotajima, S.

M. Ohtsu and S. Kotajima, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 1905 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, Y.

K. Toyoda, Y. Kubota, T. Okano, and S. Urabe, Appl. Phys. B 82, 25 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lancaster, G. P. T.

G. P. T. Lancaster, H. Haffner, M. A. Wilson, C. Becher, J. Eschner, F. Schmidt-Kaler, and R. Blatt, Appl. Phys. B 76, 805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Laurent, Ph.

Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, and Ch. Breant, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1131 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Letchumanan, V.

V. Letchumanan, P. Gill, and A. G. Sinclair, Phys. Rev. A 70, 033419 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lucas, D. M.

P. A. Barton, C. J. S. Donald, D. M. Lucas, D. A. Stevens, A. M. Steane, and D. N. Stacey, Phys. Rev. A 62, 032503 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Madej, A. A.

D. Schnier and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 105, 388 (1993).
[CrossRef]

McIntyre, D. H.

A. Hemmerich, D. H. McIntyre, D. Schropp, Jr., D. Meschede, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 75, 118 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Meschede, D.

A. Hemmerich, D. H. McIntyre, D. Schropp, Jr., D. Meschede, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 75, 118 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Miura, A.

Nilsson, O.

S. Saito, O. Nilsson, and Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 3 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nishimura, J.

T. Furukawa, J. Nishimura, U. Tanaka, and S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 7619 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ohshima, S.

S. Ohshima and H. Schnatz, J. Appl. Phys. 71, 3114 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsu, M.

C. Shin and M. Ohtsu, Opt. Lett. 15, 1455 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ohtsu and S. Kotajima, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 1905 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Okano, T.

K. Toyoda, Y. Kubota, T. Okano, and S. Urabe, Appl. Phys. B 82, 25 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Saito, S.

S. Saito, O. Nilsson, and Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 3 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt-Kaler, F.

G. P. T. Lancaster, H. Haffner, M. A. Wilson, C. Becher, J. Eschner, F. Schmidt-Kaler, and R. Blatt, Appl. Phys. B 76, 805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schnatz, H.

S. Ohshima and H. Schnatz, J. Appl. Phys. 71, 3114 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schnier, D.

D. Schnier and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 105, 388 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Schropp, D.

A. Hemmerich, D. H. McIntyre, D. Schropp, Jr., D. Meschede, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 75, 118 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shin, C.

Sinclair, A. G.

V. Letchumanan, P. Gill, and A. G. Sinclair, Phys. Rev. A 70, 033419 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stacey, D. N.

P. A. Barton, C. J. S. Donald, D. M. Lucas, D. A. Stevens, A. M. Steane, and D. N. Stacey, Phys. Rev. A 62, 032503 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Steane, A. M.

P. A. Barton, C. J. S. Donald, D. M. Lucas, D. A. Stevens, A. M. Steane, and D. N. Stacey, Phys. Rev. A 62, 032503 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stevens, D. A.

P. A. Barton, C. J. S. Donald, D. M. Lucas, D. A. Stevens, A. M. Steane, and D. N. Stacey, Phys. Rev. A 62, 032503 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, U.

T. Furukawa, J. Nishimura, U. Tanaka, and S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 7619 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Toyoda, K.

K. Toyoda, Y. Kubota, T. Okano, and S. Urabe, Appl. Phys. B 82, 25 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Toyoda, A. Miura, S. Urabe, K. Hayasaka, and M. Watanabe, Opt. Lett. 26, 1897 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Urabe, S.

K. Toyoda, Y. Kubota, T. Okano, and S. Urabe, Appl. Phys. B 82, 25 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Furukawa, J. Nishimura, U. Tanaka, and S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 7619 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Toyoda, A. Miura, S. Urabe, K. Hayasaka, and M. Watanabe, Opt. Lett. 26, 1897 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Hayasaka, S. Urabe, and M. Watanabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L687 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, M.

K. Toyoda, A. Miura, S. Urabe, K. Hayasaka, and M. Watanabe, Opt. Lett. 26, 1897 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Hayasaka, S. Urabe, and M. Watanabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L687 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, M. A.

G. P. T. Lancaster, H. Haffner, M. A. Wilson, C. Becher, J. Eschner, F. Schmidt-Kaler, and R. Blatt, Appl. Phys. B 76, 805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wineland, D. J.

J. C. Berquist, W. M. Itano, and D. J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. A 36, 428 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

S. Saito, O. Nilsson, and Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 3 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

G. P. T. Lancaster, H. Haffner, M. A. Wilson, C. Becher, J. Eschner, F. Schmidt-Kaler, and R. Blatt, Appl. Phys. B 76, 805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Toyoda, Y. Kubota, T. Okano, and S. Urabe, Appl. Phys. B 82, 25 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Saito, O. Nilsson, and Y. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 3 (1985).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. Ohtsu and S. Kotajima, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 1905 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Laurent, A. Clairon, and Ch. Breant, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1131 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Ohshima and H. Schnatz, J. Appl. Phys. 71, 3114 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

K. Hayasaka, S. Urabe, and M. Watanabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, L687 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Furukawa, J. Nishimura, U. Tanaka, and S. Urabe, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, 7619 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

A. Hemmerich, D. H. McIntyre, D. Schropp, Jr., D. Meschede, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 75, 118 (1990).
[CrossRef]

K. Hayasaka, Opt. Commun. 206, 401 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Schnier and A. A. Madej, Opt. Commun. 105, 388 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

J. C. Berquist, W. M. Itano, and D. J. Wineland, Phys. Rev. A 36, 428 (1987).
[CrossRef]

V. Letchumanan, P. Gill, and A. G. Sinclair, Phys. Rev. A 70, 033419 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Barton, C. J. S. Donald, D. M. Lucas, D. A. Stevens, A. M. Steane, and D. N. Stacey, Phys. Rev. A 62, 032503 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the laser setup with a superimposed laser beam.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the digital lock system. The gray box denotes components implemented digitally using a field-programmable gate array (FPGA).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectrum of the 674 nm laser at the ECDL (top trace) and after the filter cavity (bottom trace). 90 dBc indicates null intensity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Diagram of the relevant states of Sr + .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Top: shelving probability spectrum for the two lowest-frequency Zeeman components of the 5 S 1 2 4 D 5 2 line, m = 1 2 m = 5 2 and m = 1 2 m = 3 2 . The splitting indicates a magnetic field of 9 mT . Every peak is further split by the 600 kHz secular motion of the ion in the trap. Bottom: detailed scan across the central line of the m = 1 2 m = 5 2 line. The Gaussian fit to the spectrum has a 30 kHz FWHM. The lock circuit was turned off during this scan to avoid broadening due to the dither of the phase piezo.

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