Abstract

We modify a recently theoretically suggested multilayer negative-index photonic metamaterial design and fabricate corresponding structures with up to three functional layers (seven actual layers) for the first time to our knowledge. Measured transmittance and reflectance spectra agree well with theory.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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2007

2006

2005

2004

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, Science 303, 1494 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Science 306, 1351 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Marko, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Basov, D. N.

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, Science 303, 1494 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brueck, S. R. J.

C Vier, D.

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, Science 303, 1494 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cai, W.

Chettiar, U. K.

Dolling, G.

Drachev, V. P.

Economou, E. N.

Enkrich, C.

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, Science 312, 892 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, Opt. Lett. 31, 1800 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, Opt. Lett. 30, 3198 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Science 306, 1351 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, W.

Fang, N.

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, Science 303, 1494 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gundogdu, T. F.

Kafesaki, M.

Katsarakis, N.

Kildishev, A. V.

Konstantinidis, G.

Koschny, T.

Kostopoulos, A.

Linden, S.

Malloy, K. J.

Marko, P.

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Marko, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Osgood, R. M.

Padilla, W. J.

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, Science 303, 1494 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Panoiu, N. C.

Penciu, R. S.

Pendry, J. B.

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, Science 303, 1494 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sarychev, A. K.

Schultz, S.

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Marko, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shalaev, V. M.

Smith, D. R.

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, Science 303, 1494 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Marko, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

Wegener, M.

Yen, T. J.

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, Science 303, 1494 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, H.

Zhang, S.

Zhang, X.

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, Science 303, 1494 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, J.

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Science 306, 1351 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, J. F.

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Marko, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

S. Zhang, W. Fan, N. C. Panoiu, K. J. Malloy, R. M. Osgood, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 137404 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

G. Dolling, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, Science 312, 892 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, Science 303, 1494 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, Science 306, 1351 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of the metamaterial with N = 1 functional layer under investigation. (a) Top view on one unit cell, (b) side view. The geometrical parameters are indicated and are given by a x = a y = 645 nm , w x = 318 nm , w y = 173 nm , α = 8 ° , t = 31 nm , s = 21 nm , and e x = e y = 14 nm . (c) Snapshot of the H field (linear scale) for N = 3 and a wavelength of 1430 nm (compare Figs. 2, 3) for the plane indicated by the dashed horizontal line in (a). (d) E field (linear scale) for the same plane and wavelength.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured (solid) and calculated (dashed) normal-incidence transmittance (red) and reflectance (blue) spectra for the relevant horizontal incident polarization in the left-hand column. For completeness and as a consistency check, the vertical polarization is shown in the right-hand column. The first, second, and third rows correspond to N = 1 , 2 , 3 functional layers, respectively. Insets, corresponding electron micrographs with 400 nm scale bar.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Effective refractive index n (top) and magnetic permeability μ (bottom) retrieved from the calculated complex transmittance and reflectance spectra for the same parameters as in Fig. 2; horizontal incident polarization. Real parts, solid, imaginary parts, dashed. The number of functional layers N is indicated.

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