Abstract

We report on a thin film InGaAsP laser integrated with a 1×4 polymer multimode interference (MMI) splitter on a silicon substrate for planar optical signal distribution. The thin film laser had a threshold current of 40mA and was endfire coupled to the integrated passive polymer MMI splitter, and the optical signal from the laser was distributed to the four output waveguides of the MMI coupler. The measured loss of the MMI splitter was 0.79dB. The normalized powers of the four MMI output ports in the integrated system were measured to be 0.823, 0.978, 0.852, and 1.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. E. Griese, IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 24, 375 (2001).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

S.-W. Seo, S.-Y. Cho, and N. M. Jokerst, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2197 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

S.-W. Seo, D. L. Geddis, and N. M. Jokerst, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 578 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S.-Y. Cho, M. A. Brooke, and N. M. Jokerst, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 465 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

E. Griese, IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 24, 375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Wiki, H. Gao, M. Juvet, and R. E. Kunz, Biosens. Bioelectron. 16, 37 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (3)

L. Eldada and L. W. Shacklette, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 54 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. A. B. Miller, Proc. IEEE 88, 728 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Bristal, and Y. S. Liu, Proc. IEEE 88, 780 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

O. Leistiko and P. F. Jensen, J. Microelectromech. Microeng. 8, 148 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

R. E. Kunz, Sens. Actuators B 38, 13 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

S. Koike, F. Shimokawa, T. Matsuura, and H. Takahara, IEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Manuf. Technol. 19, 124 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tachikawa, Y. Inoue, M. Ishii, and T. Nozawa, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 977 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. P. Li and C. H. Henry, IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 143, 263 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bihari, B.

R. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Bristal, and Y. S. Liu, Proc. IEEE 88, 780 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bristal, J.

R. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Bristal, and Y. S. Liu, Proc. IEEE 88, 780 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brooke, M. A.

S.-Y. Cho, M. A. Brooke, and N. M. Jokerst, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 465 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, R.

R. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Bristal, and Y. S. Liu, Proc. IEEE 88, 780 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S.-Y.

S.-W. Seo, S.-Y. Cho, and N. M. Jokerst, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2197 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S.-Y. Cho, M. A. Brooke, and N. M. Jokerst, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 465 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Choi, C.

R. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Bristal, and Y. S. Liu, Proc. IEEE 88, 780 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Eldada, L.

L. Eldada and L. W. Shacklette, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 54 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gao, H.

M. Wiki, H. Gao, M. Juvet, and R. E. Kunz, Biosens. Bioelectron. 16, 37 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geddis, D. L.

S.-W. Seo, D. L. Geddis, and N. M. Jokerst, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 578 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Griese, E.

E. Griese, IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 24, 375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Henry, C. H.

Y. P. Li and C. H. Henry, IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 143, 263 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hibbs-Brenner, M. K.

R. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Bristal, and Y. S. Liu, Proc. IEEE 88, 780 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, Y.

Y. Tachikawa, Y. Inoue, M. Ishii, and T. Nozawa, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 977 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, M.

Y. Tachikawa, Y. Inoue, M. Ishii, and T. Nozawa, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 977 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, P. F.

O. Leistiko and P. F. Jensen, J. Microelectromech. Microeng. 8, 148 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jokerst, N. M.

S.-W. Seo, S.-Y. Cho, and N. M. Jokerst, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2197 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S.-W. Seo, D. L. Geddis, and N. M. Jokerst, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 578 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S.-Y. Cho, M. A. Brooke, and N. M. Jokerst, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 465 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Juvet, M.

M. Wiki, H. Gao, M. Juvet, and R. E. Kunz, Biosens. Bioelectron. 16, 37 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koike, S.

S. Koike, F. Shimokawa, T. Matsuura, and H. Takahara, IEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Manuf. Technol. 19, 124 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kunz, R. E.

M. Wiki, H. Gao, M. Juvet, and R. E. Kunz, Biosens. Bioelectron. 16, 37 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. E. Kunz, Sens. Actuators B 38, 13 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Leistiko, O.

O. Leistiko and P. F. Jensen, J. Microelectromech. Microeng. 8, 148 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. P.

Y. P. Li and C. H. Henry, IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 143, 263 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lin, L.

R. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Bristal, and Y. S. Liu, Proc. IEEE 88, 780 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. J.

R. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Bristal, and Y. S. Liu, Proc. IEEE 88, 780 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. S.

R. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Bristal, and Y. S. Liu, Proc. IEEE 88, 780 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Matsuura, T.

S. Koike, F. Shimokawa, T. Matsuura, and H. Takahara, IEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Manuf. Technol. 19, 124 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Miller, D. A. B.

D. A. B. Miller, Proc. IEEE 88, 728 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nozawa, T.

Y. Tachikawa, Y. Inoue, M. Ishii, and T. Nozawa, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 977 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Picor, B.

R. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Bristal, and Y. S. Liu, Proc. IEEE 88, 780 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Seo, S.-W.

S.-W. Seo, S.-Y. Cho, and N. M. Jokerst, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2197 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S.-W. Seo, D. L. Geddis, and N. M. Jokerst, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 578 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shacklette, L. W.

L. Eldada and L. W. Shacklette, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 54 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shimokawa, F.

S. Koike, F. Shimokawa, T. Matsuura, and H. Takahara, IEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Manuf. Technol. 19, 124 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tachikawa, Y.

Y. Tachikawa, Y. Inoue, M. Ishii, and T. Nozawa, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 977 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Takahara, H.

S. Koike, F. Shimokawa, T. Matsuura, and H. Takahara, IEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Manuf. Technol. 19, 124 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tang, S.

R. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Bristal, and Y. S. Liu, Proc. IEEE 88, 780 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wickman, R.

R. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Bristal, and Y. S. Liu, Proc. IEEE 88, 780 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wiki, M.

M. Wiki, H. Gao, M. Juvet, and R. E. Kunz, Biosens. Bioelectron. 16, 37 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, L.

R. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Bristal, and Y. S. Liu, Proc. IEEE 88, 780 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Biosens. Bioelectron. (1)

M. Wiki, H. Gao, M. Juvet, and R. E. Kunz, Biosens. Bioelectron. 16, 37 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEE Proc. Optoelectron. (1)

Y. P. Li and C. H. Henry, IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 143, 263 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Manuf. Technol. (1)

S. Koike, F. Shimokawa, T. Matsuura, and H. Takahara, IEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Manuf. Technol. 19, 124 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

L. Eldada and L. W. Shacklette, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 54 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S.-Y. Cho, M. A. Brooke, and N. M. Jokerst, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 465 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

S.-W. Seo, D. L. Geddis, and N. M. Jokerst, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 578 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S.-W. Seo, S.-Y. Cho, and N. M. Jokerst, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2197 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. (1)

E. Griese, IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 24, 375 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Y. Tachikawa, Y. Inoue, M. Ishii, and T. Nozawa, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 977 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Microelectromech. Microeng. (1)

O. Leistiko and P. F. Jensen, J. Microelectromech. Microeng. 8, 148 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (2)

R. Chen, L. Lin, C. Choi, Y. J. Liu, B. Bihari, L. Wu, S. Tang, R. Wickman, B. Picor, M. K. Hibbs-Brenner, J. Bristal, and Y. S. Liu, Proc. IEEE 88, 780 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. A. B. Miller, Proc. IEEE 88, 728 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B (1)

R. E. Kunz, Sens. Actuators B 38, 13 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scanning electron microscope image of a thin film laser integrated onto a Si host substrate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Heterogeneously integrated thin film laser with a 1 × 4 polymer MMI splitter on a Si host substrate.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured output power from a port of a MMI splitter as a function of applied pulsed-peak current in a thin film laser: (a) measured output power spectrum from a thin film laser, (b) infrared image from the output of the MMI splitter.

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