Abstract

We report an electro-optic Bragg modulator using a periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) crystal. We measured a half-wave voltage of 160V when transmitting a 1064nm laser through a 14.2mm long, 780μm thick, 20.13μm period PPLN crystal at the Bragg angle. We also demonstrated a Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser using such a PPLN Bragg modulator as its Q-switch, producing 7.8ns, 201μJ pulses at a 10kHz repetition rate when pumped by a 19.35W diode laser at 808nm.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  11. A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, 1984), pp. 230-234.

2005 (1)

Y. H. Chen, Y. C. Huang, Y. Y. Lin, and Y. F. Chen, Appl. Phys. B 80, 889 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

M. de Angelis, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, P. Ferraro, S. Grilli, and M. Paturzo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2785 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

Y. C. Huang, K. W. Chang, Y. H. Chen, A. C. Chiang, T. C. Lin, and B. C. Wong, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 1165 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Scrymgeour, A. Sharan, V. Gopalan, K. T. Gahagan, J. L. Casson, R. Sander, J. M. Robinson, F. Muhammad, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3140 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

Y. Q. Lu, Z. L. Wan, Q. Wang, Y. X. Xi, and N. B. Ming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3719 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

1995 (1)

Bosenberg, W. R.

Byer, R. L.

Casson, J. L.

D. A. Scrymgeour, A. Sharan, V. Gopalan, K. T. Gahagan, J. L. Casson, R. Sander, J. M. Robinson, F. Muhammad, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3140 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chandramani, P.

D. A. Scrymgeour, A. Sharan, V. Gopalan, K. T. Gahagan, J. L. Casson, R. Sander, J. M. Robinson, F. Muhammad, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3140 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chang, K. W.

Chen, Y. F.

Y. H. Chen, Y. C. Huang, Y. Y. Lin, and Y. F. Chen, Appl. Phys. B 80, 889 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. H.

Chiang, A. C.

de Angelis, M.

M. de Angelis, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, P. Ferraro, S. Grilli, and M. Paturzo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2785 (2004).
[CrossRef]

De Nicola, S.

M. de Angelis, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, P. Ferraro, S. Grilli, and M. Paturzo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2785 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dominic, V.

Eckardt, R. C.

Fejer, M. M.

Ferraro, P.

M. de Angelis, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, P. Ferraro, S. Grilli, and M. Paturzo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2785 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Finizio, A.

M. de Angelis, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, P. Ferraro, S. Grilli, and M. Paturzo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2785 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gahagan, K. T.

D. A. Scrymgeour, A. Sharan, V. Gopalan, K. T. Gahagan, J. L. Casson, R. Sander, J. M. Robinson, F. Muhammad, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3140 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gopalan, V.

D. A. Scrymgeour, A. Sharan, V. Gopalan, K. T. Gahagan, J. L. Casson, R. Sander, J. M. Robinson, F. Muhammad, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3140 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Grilli, S.

M. de Angelis, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, P. Ferraro, S. Grilli, and M. Paturzo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2785 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. C.

Jundt, D.

Kiamilev, F.

D. A. Scrymgeour, A. Sharan, V. Gopalan, K. T. Gahagan, J. L. Casson, R. Sander, J. M. Robinson, F. Muhammad, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3140 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lin, T. C.

Lin, Y. Y.

Y. H. Chen, Y. C. Huang, Y. Y. Lin, and Y. F. Chen, Appl. Phys. B 80, 889 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Lu, Z. L. Wan, Q. Wang, Y. X. Xi, and N. B. Ming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3719 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ming, N. B.

Y. Q. Lu, Z. L. Wan, Q. Wang, Y. X. Xi, and N. B. Ming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3719 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Missey, M.

Muhammad, F.

D. A. Scrymgeour, A. Sharan, V. Gopalan, K. T. Gahagan, J. L. Casson, R. Sander, J. M. Robinson, F. Muhammad, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3140 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Myers, L. E.

O'Brien, N.

Paturzo, M.

M. de Angelis, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, P. Ferraro, S. Grilli, and M. Paturzo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2785 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pierattini, G.

M. de Angelis, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, P. Ferraro, S. Grilli, and M. Paturzo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2785 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pierce, J. W.

Powers, P.

Robinson, J. M.

D. A. Scrymgeour, A. Sharan, V. Gopalan, K. T. Gahagan, J. L. Casson, R. Sander, J. M. Robinson, F. Muhammad, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3140 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Saleh, B. E. A.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, 1991), pp. 800-831.

Sander, R.

D. A. Scrymgeour, A. Sharan, V. Gopalan, K. T. Gahagan, J. L. Casson, R. Sander, J. M. Robinson, F. Muhammad, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3140 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Scrymgeour, D. A.

D. A. Scrymgeour, A. Sharan, V. Gopalan, K. T. Gahagan, J. L. Casson, R. Sander, J. M. Robinson, F. Muhammad, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3140 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sharan, A.

D. A. Scrymgeour, A. Sharan, V. Gopalan, K. T. Gahagan, J. L. Casson, R. Sander, J. M. Robinson, F. Muhammad, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3140 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Teich, M. C.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, 1991), pp. 800-831.

Wan, Z. L.

Y. Q. Lu, Z. L. Wan, Q. Wang, Y. X. Xi, and N. B. Ming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3719 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Y. Q. Lu, Z. L. Wan, Q. Wang, Y. X. Xi, and N. B. Ming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3719 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wong, B. C.

Xi, Y. X.

Y. Q. Lu, Z. L. Wan, Q. Wang, Y. X. Xi, and N. B. Ming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3719 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, 1984), pp. 230-234.

Yeh, P.

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, 1984), pp. 230-234.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

Y. H. Chen, Y. C. Huang, Y. Y. Lin, and Y. F. Chen, Appl. Phys. B 80, 889 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

D. A. Scrymgeour, A. Sharan, V. Gopalan, K. T. Gahagan, J. L. Casson, R. Sander, J. M. Robinson, F. Muhammad, P. Chandramani, and F. Kiamilev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3140 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Lu, Z. L. Wan, Q. Wang, Y. X. Xi, and N. B. Ming, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3719 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. de Angelis, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, P. Ferraro, S. Grilli, and M. Paturzo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2785 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals (Wiley, 1984), pp. 230-234.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, 1991), pp. 800-831.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the actively Q-switched Nd : Y V O 4 laser using (a) a PPLN Pockels cell and (b) an EO PPLN Bragg modulator as a laser Q-switch. The laser cavity is formed by the surface S1 and the output coupler (OC). In (b), the Bragg angle θ B is exaggerated for clarity. QWP, quarter-wave plate; HR, high reflection; HT, high transmission; PR, partial reflection.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmittance of a continuous-wave 1064 nm laser through the EO PPLN Bragg modulator at the zero-order direction as a function of applied voltage on the modulator. The half-wave voltage is 160 V . The increased diffraction loss at high voltage is due to high-order scatterings of the square-wave grating.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output pulse energy of the actively Q-switched Nd : Y V O 4 laser versus pump power. With 19.35 W pump power at 808 nm , the 1064 nm laser pulse has an energy of 201 μ J and a width of 7.8 ns , corresponding to a laser peak power of 26 kW . The inset shows the measured temporal profile of the Q-switched laser pulse.

Equations (3)

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Δ n o , e = n o , e 3 r 13 , 33 E z s ( x ) 2 ,
η = I d I in = sin 2 ( γ L 2 ) ,
V π = π 4 λ 0 r 33 n e 3 d L ,

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