Abstract

We propose a novel concept for creating high-Q cavities in photonic crystal slabs (PCSs) composed of photosensitive material. To date, high-Q cavities have been realized through the use of double heterostructures where the lattice geometry is altered via nanolithography. Here, we show that selective postexposure to light of a uniform PCS composed of photosensitive material, altering the refractive index permanently, can also yield high-Q microcavities. We show theoretically that high-Q cavities (up to Q=1×106) can be achieved with photoinduced index changes that are well within what can be achieved in chalcogenide glasses.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2006 (3)

2005 (6)

S. Hughes, Opt. Lett. 30, 1393 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Böttger, M. Schmidt, and M. Eich, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 103101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Freeman, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, Opt. Express 13, 3079 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, and E. Kuramochi, Opt. Lett. 30, 19 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Opt. Express 13, 1202 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

B. S. Song, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

A. Zakery and S. R. Elliot, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 330, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Song, S. Noda, and T. Asano, Science 300, 1537 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3032 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

V. A. Mandelshtam and H. S. Taylor, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 6756 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Akahane, Y.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Opt. Express 13, 1202 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Song, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Asano, T.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Opt. Express 13, 1202 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Song, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Song, S. Noda, and T. Asano, Science 300, 1537 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barclay, P. E.

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Borselli, M.

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Böttger, G.

G. Böttger, M. Schmidt, and M. Eich, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 103101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

de Sterke, C. M.

Eggleton, B. J.

Eich, M.

G. Böttger, M. Schmidt, and M. Eich, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 103101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Elliot, S. R.

A. Zakery and S. R. Elliot, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 330, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Freeman, D.

Grillet, C.

Hughes, S.

Huh, J.

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3032 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, J.-K.

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3032 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals (Princenton U. Press, 1995), Chap. 2, pp. 15-17.

Kim, J.-S.

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3032 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kuramochi, E.

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, and E. Kuramochi, Opt. Lett. 30, 19 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.-H.

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3032 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

Madden, S.

Mägi, E. C.

Mandelshtam, V. A.

V. A. Mandelshtam and H. S. Taylor, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 6756 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Meade, R. D.

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals (Princenton U. Press, 1995), Chap. 2, pp. 15-17.

Mitsugi, S.

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, and E. Kuramochi, Opt. Lett. 30, 19 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moss, D. J.

Noda, S.

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Opt. Express 13, 1202 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Song, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Song, S. Noda, and T. Asano, Science 300, 1537 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Notomi, M.

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, and E. Kuramochi, Opt. Lett. 30, 19 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Painter, O.

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.-G.

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3032 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, H.-Y.

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3032 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Salzman, J.

Schmidt, M.

G. Böttger, M. Schmidt, and M. Eich, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 103101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shinya, A.

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, and E. Kuramochi, Opt. Lett. 30, 19 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Smith, C.

Song, B. S.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Opt. Express 13, 1202 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Song, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Song, S. Noda, and T. Asano, Science 300, 1537 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Srinivasan, K.

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Steel, M. J.

Tanabe, T.

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, and E. Kuramochi, Opt. Lett. 30, 19 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

B. S. Song, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, H. S.

V. A. Mandelshtam and H. S. Taylor, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 6756 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tomljenovic-Hanic, S.

Watanabe, T.

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Winn, J. N.

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals (Princenton U. Press, 1995), Chap. 2, pp. 15-17.

Zakery, A.

A. Zakery and S. R. Elliot, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 330, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H.-Y. Ryu, Y.-H. Lee, and J.-S. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 3032 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, T. Tanabe, and T. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 041112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Song, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4591 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. Böttger, M. Schmidt, and M. Eich, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 103101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

V. A. Mandelshtam and H. S. Taylor, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 6756 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

A. Zakery and S. R. Elliot, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 330, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

T. Tanabe, M. Notomi, S. Mitsugi, A. Shinya, and E. Kuramochi, Opt. Lett. 30, 19 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Hughes, Opt. Lett. 30, 1393 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

B. S. Song, S. Noda, and T. Asano, Science 300, 1537 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals (Princenton U. Press, 1995), Chap. 2, pp. 15-17.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the PCS that we are considering here. PC 2 has slightly different properties than PC 1 .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dispersion curves for W 1 1 of the regular structure (open square) and W 1 2 of the increased index, Δ n = 0.05 , structure (solid circle) within the lowest gap. The dashed curve represents the light line. The gray shaded region indicates the mode gap.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated Q of the mode as a function of the refractive index difference between PC 2 and PC 1 for a step profile (square) and for a Gaussian profile (triangles).

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