Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a novel active stabilization scheme for wide and fast frequency chirps. The system measures the laser instantaneous frequency deviation from a perfectly linear chirp, thanks to a digital phase detection process, and provides an error signal that is used to servo-loop control the chirped laser. This way, the frequency errors affecting a laser scan over 10GHz on the millisecond timescale are drastically reduced below 100kHz. This active optoelectronic digital servo-loop control opens new and interesting perspectives in fields where rapidly chirped lasers are crucial.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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2006 (1)

2005 (4)

T. Chang, M. Tian, R. K. Mohan, C. Reiner, K. Merkel, and W. Babbitt, Opt. Lett. 30, 1129 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Schlottau, M. Collice, K. H. Wagner, and W. R. Babbitt, Opt. Lett. 30, 3003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2385 (2005), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 30, 175 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

1993 (1)

U. Glombitza and E. Brinkmeyer, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1377 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, J. Phys. III 2, 1557 (1992).

1989 (1)

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 61, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

W. Eickhoff and R. Ulrich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 693 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

P. Juncar and J. Pinard, Opt. Commun. 14, 438 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Babbitt, W.

Babbitt, W. R.

Boggs, B.

Bretenaker, F.

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 30, 175 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2385 (2005), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Brinkmeyer, E.

U. Glombitza and E. Brinkmeyer, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1377 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Burr, G. W.

Cabaret, L.

Carlsten, J. L.

Cerez, P.

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, J. Phys. III 2, 1557 (1992).

Chang, T.

Chen, Y.

Collice, M.

Cone, R. L.

Crozatier, V.

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 30, 175 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2385 (2005), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

de Labachelerie, M.

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, J. Phys. III 2, 1557 (1992).

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 61, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Eickhoff, W.

W. Eickhoff and R. Ulrich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 693 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 61, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Glombitza, U.

U. Glombitza and E. Brinkmeyer, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1377 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gorju, G.

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 30, 175 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2385 (2005), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Greiner, C.

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 61, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Harris, T. L.

Hoffbagle, J. A.

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 61, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Jefferson, C. M.

Juncar, P.

P. Juncar and J. Pinard, Opt. Commun. 14, 438 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Kemssu, P.

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, J. Phys. III 2, 1557 (1992).

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 61, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Latrasse, C.

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, J. Phys. III 2, 1557 (1992).

Lavielle, V.

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 30, 175 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Le Gouët, J.-L.

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 30, 175 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2385 (2005), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

L. Ménager, L. Cabaret, I. Lorgeré, and J.-L. Le Gouët, Opt. Lett. 25, 1246 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lorgeré, I.

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2385 (2005), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 30, 175 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Ménager, L. Cabaret, I. Lorgeré, and J.-L. Le Gouët, Opt. Lett. 25, 1246 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ménager, L.

Merkel, K.

Mohan, R. K.

Mossberg, T. W.

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 61, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Pinard, J.

P. Juncar and J. Pinard, Opt. Commun. 14, 438 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Reiner, C.

Schlottau, F.

Sellin, P. B.

Strickland, N. M.

Tian, M.

Ulrich, R.

W. Eickhoff and R. Ulrich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 693 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, K.

Wagner, K. H.

Wang, T.

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 61, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 61, 97 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Eickhoff and R. Ulrich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 693 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. (1)

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, V. Lavielle, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 30, 175 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

G. Gorju, V. Crozatier, I. Lorgeré, J.-L. Le Gouët, and F. Bretenaker, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2385 (2005), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

U. Glombitza and E. Brinkmeyer, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1377 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. III (1)

M. de Labachelerie, C. Latrasse, P. Kemssu, and P. Cerez, J. Phys. III 2, 1557 (1992).

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. Juncar and J. Pinard, Opt. Commun. 14, 438 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for the stabilizing frequency chirped laser: EOC, electro-optic crystal; P, polarizer; PD, photodiode; BS, beam splitter; PMF, polarization-maintaining fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental results obtained when the laser is chirped over 10 GHz in 4 ms (gray, open loop; black, closed loop). (a) Error signal versus time during the chirp. (b) Chirped laser frequency noise PSD (dashed line, 1 f law). Inset: beat note spectra.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Readout spectral features (black, loop open; gray, loop closed). (a) r = 5 GHz 4 ms , (b) r = 10 GHz 4 ms .

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I c ( t ) = I 0 cos [ 2 π f b t + ϕ 0 + Ψ ( t ) ] ,
I s ( t ) = I 0 sin [ 2 π f b t + ϕ 0 + Ψ ( t ) ] .
ϵ ( t ) = I c ( t ) sin ( 2 π f b t + ϕ 0 ) I s ( t ) cos ( 2 π f b t + ϕ 0 ) = I 0 sin [ 2 π τ d δ ν ( t ) ] .

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