Abstract

We propose a novel polarization-maintaining index-guiding photonic crystal fiber (PCF). It is composed of a solid silica core and a cladding with squeezed-hexagonal-lattice elliptical air holes. Using a full-vector finite-element method, we study the modal birefringence of the fundamental modes in such PCFs. Numerical result shows that very high modal birefringence with a magnitude of the order of 102 around 1550nm has been obtained. Furthermore, large normal dispersion appears over a wide range of wavelengths in both orthogonal polarizations.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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2005 (2)

2004 (2)

2003 (2)

Z. M. Zhu and T. G. Brown, Opt. Lett. 28, 2306 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. P. Shen, W. P. Huang, G. X. Chen, and S. S. Jian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 540 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (3)

M. J. Steel and R. M. Osgood, Jr., Opt. Lett. 26, 229 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Steel and R. M. Osgood, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 495 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fibre Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 1995).

Alam, M. S.

Allan, D. C.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arriaga, J.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Atkin, D. M.

Birks, T. A.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, Opt. Lett. 21, 1547 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bise, R. T.

R. T. Bise and D. Trevor, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OWL6.
[PubMed]

Bjarklev, A.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Broeng, J.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brown, T. G.

Chapman, A.

Chen, G. X.

L. P. Shen, W. P. Huang, G. X. Chen, and S. S. Jian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 540 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cox, F.

Cregan, R. F.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Domachuk, P.

Eggleton, B. J.

Fellew, M.

Hansen, T. P.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Henry, G.

Huang, W. P.

L. P. Shen, W. P. Huang, G. X. Chen, and S. S. Jian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 540 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Issa, N. A.

Jensen, J. R.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jian, S. S.

L. P. Shen, W. P. Huang, G. X. Chen, and S. S. Jian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 540 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, Opt. Lett. 21, 1547 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knudsen, E.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Koshiba, M.

Large, M. C. J.

Libori, E. B.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mägi, E.

Mangan, B. J.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mortensen, N. A.

Nguyen, H. C.

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Osgood, R. M.

Roberts, P. J.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. St. J.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, Opt. Lett. 21, 1547 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saitoh, K.

Shen, L. P.

L. P. Shen, W. P. Huang, G. X. Chen, and S. S. Jian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 540 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Simonsen, H.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Steel, M. J.

Trevor, D.

R. T. Bise and D. Trevor, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OWL6.
[PubMed]

van Eijkelenborg, M. A.

Wadsworth, W. J.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C. X.

Zhang, L.

Zhu, Z. M.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Shen, W. P. Huang, G. X. Chen, and S. S. Jian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 540 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Science (1)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, Science 285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fibre Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 1995).

R. T. Bise and D. Trevor, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OWL6.
[PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Cross section of the birefringent PCF. (b) One quarter of the fiber cross section.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Modal birefringence as a function of wavelength from 700 to 1800 nm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Modal birefringence as a function of wavelength from 700 to 1800 nm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Intensity contour maps of a one-quarter structure for Λ x = 0.7 , 0.4 × 2.2 , 0.55 × 2.2 , 2.2 μ m (a)–(d) for x polarization and (e)–(h) for y polarization at wavelength λ = 1800 nm . Each contour is a 0.05 step from 0.05 to 0.95.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Dispersion of x-polarized fundamental modes.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Dispersion of y-polarized fundamental modes.

Equations (2)

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B ( λ ) = λ 2 π [ β y ( λ ) β x ( λ ) ] ,
D = d β 1 i d λ = 2 π c λ 2 β 2 i , i = x , y ,

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