Abstract

17.2GHz, the highest fundamental-mode repetition rate to our knowledge, of a carbon nanotube-based passively mode-locked laser is realized at 1570nm by employing purified single-walled carbon nanotubes as saturable absorbers. The ultrashort linear laser cavity configured with a 9mm length is designed and demonstrated with our extremely miniaturized nanotube mode locker and a mirror-coated semiconductor optical amplifier as gain medium. The demonstrated pulsed laser has the inferred temporal pulse width of 14ps and a 3dB spectral bandwidth of 0.73nm.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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2006 (1)

2005 (4)

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, F. Lu, X. Dong, P. Shum, X. Yang, X. Zhou, Y. Gong, and C. Lu, Opt. Lett. 30, 2852 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Lin, M. Wu, and Y. Chang, Opt. Lett. 30, 1834 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Set, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and T. Kotake, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1623 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spuhler, R. Paschotta, M. Golling, D. Ebling, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 40, 875 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

R. P. Schmid, T. Schneider, and J. Reif, Appl. Phys. B 74, S205 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communications Systems, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 2002).
[CrossRef]

Aschwanden, A.

D. Lorenser, A. Aschwanden, H. J. Unold, D. J. Maas, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, E. Gini, and D. Ebling, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper WC4.

Avramopoulos, H.

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bintjas, C.

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y.

Dong, X.

Dresselhaus, G.

R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresslhaus, Physical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes (Imperial College Press, 1998).
[CrossRef]

Dresslhaus, M. S.

R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresslhaus, Physical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes (Imperial College Press, 1998).
[CrossRef]

Ebling, D.

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spuhler, R. Paschotta, M. Golling, D. Ebling, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 40, 875 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Lorenser, A. Aschwanden, H. J. Unold, D. J. Maas, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, E. Gini, and D. Ebling, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper WC4.

Gini, E.

D. Lorenser, A. Aschwanden, H. J. Unold, D. J. Maas, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, E. Gini, and D. Ebling, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper WC4.

Goh, C. S.

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Set, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and T. Kotake, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1623 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Golling, M.

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spuhler, R. Paschotta, M. Golling, D. Ebling, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 40, 875 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Y.

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hirooka, T.

Hsu, K.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, Y.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jablonski, M.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kaino, T.

Keller, U.

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spuhler, R. Paschotta, M. Golling, D. Ebling, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 40, 875 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Lorenser, A. Aschwanden, H. J. Unold, D. J. Maas, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, E. Gini, and D. Ebling, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper WC4.

Komatsu, K.

Kotake, T.

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Set, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and T. Kotake, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1623 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Krainer, L.

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spuhler, R. Paschotta, M. Golling, D. Ebling, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 40, 875 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lin, G.

Lorenser, D.

D. Lorenser, A. Aschwanden, H. J. Unold, D. J. Maas, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, E. Gini, and D. Ebling, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper WC4.

Lu, C.

Lu, F.

Maas, D. J.

D. Lorenser, A. Aschwanden, H. J. Unold, D. J. Maas, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, E. Gini, and D. Ebling, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper WC4.

Maruyama, S.

Murakami, Y.

Nakahara, S.

Nakazawa, M.

Paschotta, R.

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spuhler, R. Paschotta, M. Golling, D. Ebling, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 40, 875 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Lorenser, A. Aschwanden, H. J. Unold, D. J. Maas, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, E. Gini, and D. Ebling, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper WC4.

Pleros, N.

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reif, J.

R. P. Schmid, T. Schneider, and J. Reif, Appl. Phys. B 74, S205 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Saito, R.

R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresslhaus, Physical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes (Imperial College Press, 1998).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, R. P.

R. P. Schmid, T. Schneider, and J. Reif, Appl. Phys. B 74, S205 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, T.

R. P. Schmid, T. Schneider, and J. Reif, Appl. Phys. B 74, S205 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Set, S. Y.

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Set, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and T. Kotake, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1623 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

Song, Y. W.

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Set, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and T. Kotake, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1623 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Spuhler, G. J.

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spuhler, R. Paschotta, M. Golling, D. Ebling, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 40, 875 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, D.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Unold, H. J.

D. Lorenser, A. Aschwanden, H. J. Unold, D. J. Maas, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, E. Gini, and D. Ebling, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper WC4.

Vlachos, K.

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Weingarten, K. J.

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spuhler, R. Paschotta, M. Golling, D. Ebling, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 40, 875 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, M.

Yaguchi, H.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamashita, S.

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Set, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and T. Kotake, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1623 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, X.

Yoshida, M.

Zeller, S. C.

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spuhler, R. Paschotta, M. Golling, D. Ebling, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 40, 875 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

Zhou, X.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. P. Schmid, T. Schneider, and J. Reif, Appl. Phys. B 74, S205 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. C. Zeller, L. Krainer, G. J. Spuhler, R. Paschotta, M. Golling, D. Ebling, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, Electron. Lett. 40, 875 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Set, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and T. Kotake, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1623 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (3)

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communications Systems, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Lorenser, A. Aschwanden, H. J. Unold, D. J. Maas, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, E. Gini, and D. Ebling, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper WC4.

R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresslhaus, Physical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes (Imperial College Press, 1998).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM image of the CNTs randomly deposited onto the fiber mirror ( 20 K × ) .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption peak of the CNT saturable absorber. The nonlinear absorption value is estimated to be 5% at 1550 nm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Structure of the CNT/SOA-based mode-locked laser. The length of the linear cavity is about 9 mm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

RF spectrum of the mode-locked laser output. The peak is located at the frequency of 17.2 GHz .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Optical spectrum of the mode-locked laser output. The FWHM is 0.73 nm , and the mode spacing is 0.14 nm .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Autocorrelation trace of the mode-locked laser output. The other adjacent pulses also can be seen.

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