Abstract

We demonstrate full characterization of femtosecond pulse distortion induced by all-order polarization mode dispersion (PMD) at selected polarization states via second-harmonic generation (SHG) frequency-resolved optical gating (FROG) measurements at an average power of under 28nW. By applying the inverse of the measured spectral phase via a programmable pulse shaper, we compress the distorted pulses from more than 3ps to nearly bandwidth-limited durations of less than 500fs. Our results show that SHG FROG measurements performed by using fiber-pigtailed aperiodically poled lithium niobate waveguides can serve as a robust and sensitive tool for characterization of PMD-induced spectral phase.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, and L. E. Nelson, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB--Systems and Impairments, I.P. Kaminow and T. Li, ed. (Academic, 2002), p. 723.
  2. Q. Yu, L.-S. Yan, Y. Xie, M. Hauer, and E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 863 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. B. Phua and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1270 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Miao and C. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2475 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Akbulut, A. M. Weiner, P. Cronin, and P. J. Miller, Opt. Lett. 29, 1129 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Akbulut, A. M. Weiner, and P. J. Miller, Opt. Lett. 30, 2691 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: the Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Kluwer Academic, 2000).
  9. S. Yang, A. M. Weiner, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 30, 2164 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. Miao, A. M. Weiner, S. Yang, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, 15th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper WC2.
  11. J. Huang, X. P. Xie, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 5, 604 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

J. Huang, X. P. Xie, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 5, 604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

2002 (1)

P. B. Phua and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1270 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

Q. Yu, L.-S. Yan, Y. Xie, M. Hauer, and E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 863 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Akbulut, M.

Cronin, P.

Fejer, M. M.

J. Huang, X. P. Xie, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 5, 604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Yang, A. M. Weiner, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 30, 2164 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Miao, A. M. Weiner, S. Yang, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, 15th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper WC2.

Hauer, M.

Q. Yu, L.-S. Yan, Y. Xie, M. Hauer, and E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 863 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

P. B. Phua and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1270 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J.

J. Huang, X. P. Xie, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 5, 604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hum, D. S.

J. Huang, X. P. Xie, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 5, 604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jopson, R. M.

H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, and L. E. Nelson, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB--Systems and Impairments, I.P. Kaminow and T. Li, ed. (Academic, 2002), p. 723.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, and L. E. Nelson, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB--Systems and Impairments, I.P. Kaminow and T. Li, ed. (Academic, 2002), p. 723.

Langrock, C.

J. Huang, X. P. Xie, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 5, 604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Miao, A. M. Weiner, S. Yang, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, 15th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper WC2.

Miao, H.

H. Miao and C. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2475 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Miao, A. M. Weiner, S. Yang, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, 15th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper WC2.

Miller, P. J.

Nelson, L. E.

H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, and L. E. Nelson, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB--Systems and Impairments, I.P. Kaminow and T. Li, ed. (Academic, 2002), p. 723.

Parameswaran, K. R.

Phua, P. B.

P. B. Phua and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1270 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Roussev, R. V.

J. Huang, X. P. Xie, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 5, 604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Miao, A. M. Weiner, S. Yang, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, 15th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper WC2.

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: the Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Kluwer Academic, 2000).

Weiner, A. M.

M. Akbulut, A. M. Weiner, and P. J. Miller, Opt. Lett. 30, 2691 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yang, A. M. Weiner, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 30, 2164 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Akbulut, A. M. Weiner, P. Cronin, and P. J. Miller, Opt. Lett. 29, 1129 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Miao, A. M. Weiner, S. Yang, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, 15th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper WC2.

Willner, E.

Q. Yu, L.-S. Yan, Y. Xie, M. Hauer, and E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 863 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xie, X. P.

J. Huang, X. P. Xie, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, D. S. Hum, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 5, 604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xie, Y.

Q. Yu, L.-S. Yan, Y. Xie, M. Hauer, and E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 863 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yan, L.-S.

Q. Yu, L.-S. Yan, Y. Xie, M. Hauer, and E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 863 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C.

H. Miao and C. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2475 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S.

S. Yang, A. M. Weiner, K. R. Parameswaran, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 30, 2164 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Miao, A. M. Weiner, S. Yang, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, 15th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper WC2.

Yu, Q.

Q. Yu, L.-S. Yan, Y. Xie, M. Hauer, and E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 863 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

Q. Yu, L.-S. Yan, Y. Xie, M. Hauer, and E. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 863 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Phua and H. A. Haus, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1270 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Miao and C. Yang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2475 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. M. Weiner, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: the Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Kluwer Academic, 2000).

H. Miao, A. M. Weiner, S. Yang, C. Langrock, R. V. Roussev, and M. M. Fejer, 15th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper WC2.

H. Kogelnik, R. M. Jopson, and L. E. Nelson, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB--Systems and Impairments, I.P. Kaminow and T. Li, ed. (Academic, 2002), p. 723.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. PC, polarization controller.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured (left) and retrieved (right) FROG traces: (A) before compensation, (B) after compensation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Retrieved pulses depicted in the frequency and time domains. Solid curves, retrieved intensity profiles; dashed curves, retrieved spectral phase profiles. (A) Before compensation, (B) after compensation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured (left) and retrieved (right) FROG traces: (A) before compensation, (B) after compensation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Retrieved pulses depicted in the frequency and time domains. Solid curves, retrieved intensity profiles; dashed curves, retrieved spectral phase profiles. (A) Before compensation, (B) after compensation.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured pulses in the frequency and time domains. Solid curves, retrieved intensity profiles; dash curves, retrieved spectral phase profiles. (A) Before compensation, (B) after compensation.

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