Abstract

We report a rewritable polarization-encoded multilayer data storage method with a polymer film doped with the azo dye DMNPAA (2,5-dimethyl-4-(p-nitrophenylazo)anisole). It is found that under two-photon excitation by a linearly polarized femtosecond laser beam at wavelength 780nm the optical axis of DMNPAA molecules can be oriented to the perpendicular direction of the beam via a trans–cis–trans isomerization process. As a result, multilayer polarization-encoded optical data storage is demonstrated by recording two letters of a bit spacing of 4μm in the same region of a given layer. It is shown that erasing and rewriting a particular layer is possible.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. A. Parthenopoulos and P. M. Rentzepis, Science 245, 843 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. Toriumi, S. Kawata, and M. Gu, Opt. Lett. 23, 1924 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. H. Strickler and W. W. Webb, Opt. Lett. 16, 1780 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Y. Kawata, H. Ishitobi, and S. Kawata, Opt. Lett. 23, 756 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Day, M. Gu, and A. Smallridge, Opt. Lett. 24, 948 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. McPhail and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1160 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. W. M. Chon, P. Zijlstra, M. Gu, J. van Embden, and P. Mulvaney, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5514 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Day and M. Gu, Appl. Opt. 37, 6299 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Alarsfar, M. Ishikawa, Y. Kawata, C. Egami, O. Sugihara, N. Okamato, M. Tsuchimori, and O. Watanabe, Appl. Opt. 36, 6201 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. Yao, M. Lei, L. Ren, N. Menke, Y. Wang, T. Fischer, and N. Hampp, Opt. Lett. 30, 3060 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Maeda, H. Ishitobi, Z. Sekkat, and S. Kawata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 351 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Meerholz, B. L. Volodin, Sandalphon, B. Keppelen, and N. Peyghhambarian, Nature 371, 497 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  14. B. A. Reinhardt, L. L. Brott, S. J. Clarson, A. G. Dillard, J. C. Bhatt, R. Kannan, L. Yuan, G. S. He, and P. N. Prasad, Chem. Mater. 10, 1863 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  15. B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamental of Photonics (Wiley, 1991).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Gu, Advanced Optical Imaging Theory (Springer-Verlag, 2000).

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

J. W. M. Chon, P. Zijlstra, M. Gu, J. van Embden, and P. Mulvaney, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5514 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Maeda, H. Ishitobi, Z. Sekkat, and S. Kawata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 351 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

D. McPhail and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1160 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

S. Alarsfar, M. Ishikawa, Y. Kawata, C. Egami, O. Sugihara, N. Okamato, M. Tsuchimori, and O. Watanabe, Appl. Opt. 36, 6201 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Day, M. Gu, and A. Smallridge, Opt. Lett. 24, 948 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (4)

Y. Kawata, H. Ishitobi, and S. Kawata, Opt. Lett. 23, 756 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Toriumi, S. Kawata, and M. Gu, Opt. Lett. 23, 1924 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Day and M. Gu, Appl. Opt. 37, 6299 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. A. Reinhardt, L. L. Brott, S. J. Clarson, A. G. Dillard, J. C. Bhatt, R. Kannan, L. Yuan, G. S. He, and P. N. Prasad, Chem. Mater. 10, 1863 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

K. Meerholz, B. L. Volodin, Sandalphon, B. Keppelen, and N. Peyghhambarian, Nature 371, 497 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

D. A. Parthenopoulos and P. M. Rentzepis, Science 245, 843 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alarsfar, S.

S. Alarsfar, M. Ishikawa, Y. Kawata, C. Egami, O. Sugihara, N. Okamato, M. Tsuchimori, and O. Watanabe, Appl. Opt. 36, 6201 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bhatt, J. C.

B. A. Reinhardt, L. L. Brott, S. J. Clarson, A. G. Dillard, J. C. Bhatt, R. Kannan, L. Yuan, G. S. He, and P. N. Prasad, Chem. Mater. 10, 1863 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Brott, L. L.

B. A. Reinhardt, L. L. Brott, S. J. Clarson, A. G. Dillard, J. C. Bhatt, R. Kannan, L. Yuan, G. S. He, and P. N. Prasad, Chem. Mater. 10, 1863 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chon, J. W. M.

J. W. M. Chon, P. Zijlstra, M. Gu, J. van Embden, and P. Mulvaney, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5514 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Clarson, S. J.

B. A. Reinhardt, L. L. Brott, S. J. Clarson, A. G. Dillard, J. C. Bhatt, R. Kannan, L. Yuan, G. S. He, and P. N. Prasad, Chem. Mater. 10, 1863 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Day, D.

Dillard, A. G.

B. A. Reinhardt, L. L. Brott, S. J. Clarson, A. G. Dillard, J. C. Bhatt, R. Kannan, L. Yuan, G. S. He, and P. N. Prasad, Chem. Mater. 10, 1863 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Egami, C.

S. Alarsfar, M. Ishikawa, Y. Kawata, C. Egami, O. Sugihara, N. Okamato, M. Tsuchimori, and O. Watanabe, Appl. Opt. 36, 6201 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, T.

Gu, M.

J. W. M. Chon, P. Zijlstra, M. Gu, J. van Embden, and P. Mulvaney, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5514 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. McPhail and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1160 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Day, M. Gu, and A. Smallridge, Opt. Lett. 24, 948 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Day and M. Gu, Appl. Opt. 37, 6299 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Toriumi, S. Kawata, and M. Gu, Opt. Lett. 23, 1924 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Gu, Advanced Optical Imaging Theory (Springer-Verlag, 2000).

Hampp, N.

He, G. S.

B. A. Reinhardt, L. L. Brott, S. J. Clarson, A. G. Dillard, J. C. Bhatt, R. Kannan, L. Yuan, G. S. He, and P. N. Prasad, Chem. Mater. 10, 1863 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, M.

S. Alarsfar, M. Ishikawa, Y. Kawata, C. Egami, O. Sugihara, N. Okamato, M. Tsuchimori, and O. Watanabe, Appl. Opt. 36, 6201 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ishitobi, H.

M. Maeda, H. Ishitobi, Z. Sekkat, and S. Kawata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 351 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kawata, H. Ishitobi, and S. Kawata, Opt. Lett. 23, 756 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Juodkazis, S.

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kannan, R.

B. A. Reinhardt, L. L. Brott, S. J. Clarson, A. G. Dillard, J. C. Bhatt, R. Kannan, L. Yuan, G. S. He, and P. N. Prasad, Chem. Mater. 10, 1863 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kawata, S.

Kawata, Y.

S. Alarsfar, M. Ishikawa, Y. Kawata, C. Egami, O. Sugihara, N. Okamato, M. Tsuchimori, and O. Watanabe, Appl. Opt. 36, 6201 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kawata, H. Ishitobi, and S. Kawata, Opt. Lett. 23, 756 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Keppelen, B.

K. Meerholz, B. L. Volodin, Sandalphon, B. Keppelen, and N. Peyghhambarian, Nature 371, 497 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lei, M.

Maeda, M.

M. Maeda, H. Ishitobi, Z. Sekkat, and S. Kawata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 351 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Matsuo, S.

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13 (2000).
[CrossRef]

McPhail, D.

D. McPhail and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1160 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Meerholz, K.

K. Meerholz, B. L. Volodin, Sandalphon, B. Keppelen, and N. Peyghhambarian, Nature 371, 497 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Menke, N.

Misawa, H.

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mulvaney, P.

J. W. M. Chon, P. Zijlstra, M. Gu, J. van Embden, and P. Mulvaney, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5514 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Okamato, N.

S. Alarsfar, M. Ishikawa, Y. Kawata, C. Egami, O. Sugihara, N. Okamato, M. Tsuchimori, and O. Watanabe, Appl. Opt. 36, 6201 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Parthenopoulos, D. A.

D. A. Parthenopoulos and P. M. Rentzepis, Science 245, 843 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peyghhambarian, N.

K. Meerholz, B. L. Volodin, Sandalphon, B. Keppelen, and N. Peyghhambarian, Nature 371, 497 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, P. N.

B. A. Reinhardt, L. L. Brott, S. J. Clarson, A. G. Dillard, J. C. Bhatt, R. Kannan, L. Yuan, G. S. He, and P. N. Prasad, Chem. Mater. 10, 1863 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Reinhardt, B. A.

B. A. Reinhardt, L. L. Brott, S. J. Clarson, A. G. Dillard, J. C. Bhatt, R. Kannan, L. Yuan, G. S. He, and P. N. Prasad, Chem. Mater. 10, 1863 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ren, L.

Rentzepis, P. M.

D. A. Parthenopoulos and P. M. Rentzepis, Science 245, 843 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saleh, B. E. A.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamental of Photonics (Wiley, 1991).
[CrossRef]

Sandalphon,

K. Meerholz, B. L. Volodin, Sandalphon, B. Keppelen, and N. Peyghhambarian, Nature 371, 497 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sekkat, Z.

M. Maeda, H. Ishitobi, Z. Sekkat, and S. Kawata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 351 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Smallridge, A.

Strickler, J. H.

Sugihara, O.

S. Alarsfar, M. Ishikawa, Y. Kawata, C. Egami, O. Sugihara, N. Okamato, M. Tsuchimori, and O. Watanabe, Appl. Opt. 36, 6201 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H.

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Teich, M. C.

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamental of Photonics (Wiley, 1991).
[CrossRef]

Toriumi, A.

Tsuchimori, M.

S. Alarsfar, M. Ishikawa, Y. Kawata, C. Egami, O. Sugihara, N. Okamato, M. Tsuchimori, and O. Watanabe, Appl. Opt. 36, 6201 (1999).
[CrossRef]

van Embden, J.

J. W. M. Chon, P. Zijlstra, M. Gu, J. van Embden, and P. Mulvaney, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5514 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Volodin, B. L.

K. Meerholz, B. L. Volodin, Sandalphon, B. Keppelen, and N. Peyghhambarian, Nature 371, 497 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Watanabe, M.

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, O.

S. Alarsfar, M. Ishikawa, Y. Kawata, C. Egami, O. Sugihara, N. Okamato, M. Tsuchimori, and O. Watanabe, Appl. Opt. 36, 6201 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Webb, W. W.

Yao, B.

Yuan, L.

B. A. Reinhardt, L. L. Brott, S. J. Clarson, A. G. Dillard, J. C. Bhatt, R. Kannan, L. Yuan, G. S. He, and P. N. Prasad, Chem. Mater. 10, 1863 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zijlstra, P.

J. W. M. Chon, P. Zijlstra, M. Gu, J. van Embden, and P. Mulvaney, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5514 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

S. Alarsfar, M. Ishikawa, Y. Kawata, C. Egami, O. Sugihara, N. Okamato, M. Tsuchimori, and O. Watanabe, Appl. Opt. 36, 6201 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Day and M. Gu, Appl. Opt. 37, 6299 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. McPhail and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1160 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. W. M. Chon, P. Zijlstra, M. Gu, J. van Embden, and P. Mulvaney, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5514 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Maeda, H. Ishitobi, Z. Sekkat, and S. Kawata, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 351 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (1)

B. A. Reinhardt, L. L. Brott, S. J. Clarson, A. G. Dillard, J. C. Bhatt, R. Kannan, L. Yuan, G. S. He, and P. N. Prasad, Chem. Mater. 10, 1863 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

K. Meerholz, B. L. Volodin, Sandalphon, B. Keppelen, and N. Peyghhambarian, Nature 371, 497 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Science (1)

D. A. Parthenopoulos and P. M. Rentzepis, Science 245, 843 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

B. E. A. Saleh and M. C. Teich, Fundamental of Photonics (Wiley, 1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Gu, Advanced Optical Imaging Theory (Springer-Verlag, 2000).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption band of the sample. Inset, bit intensity of the recorded bits as a function of the reading polarization direction. The sample thickness is 80 μ m . Two vertical bits were recorded by a horizontally polarized beam. The recording power and the exposure time are 10 mW and 25 ms , respectively. The circles are the experimental bit intensity, and the solid curve is the theoretical prediction.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Demonstration of 2P polarization-encoded patterns in the same region in three layers of the sample. (a) (b), Letters P and B recorded in the first layer; (c), (d) letters I and J recorded in the second layer; (e), (f) letters C and D recorded in the third layer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

For an erasing laser of power 0.4 mW , erasing time as a function of the recording power. Inset, readout contrast as a function of the recording power immediately after recording (circles) and after erasing by a vertically polarized beam (triangles).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Erasing and rewriting patterns in a particular layer. (a), (b) Letters I and J encoded in the same region in the second layer; (c) the same area after letters I and J are completely erased by a vertically polarized laser beam; (d), (e) letters F and E are rewritten in the same region. The circled defects indicate that all the patterns are recorded in the same area. (f) Recording contrast (squares) as a function of the repeat cycle.

Metrics