Abstract

Experimental investigation ofd Nd:YAG monolithic nonplanar ring lasers operated at 1123nm wavelength is presented. Stable single-frequency 1123nm laser output has been obtained with successful suppression of the strong 1064nm radiation. Single-frequency output power of 1.25W is demonstrated with a pump power of 3.98W at 808nm, which gives a slope efficiency of 39%. The laser frequency tuning range is over 3GHz, and the average tuning rate with temperature is 2.6GHz°C. A strong iodine absorption line can be covered within the laser frequency tuning range.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. "Report of the 10th Meeting of the Consultative Committee for Length (CCL 2001)," pp. 130-133.
  2. S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, Atlas du spectre d'absorption de la molecule d'iode, Vol. 15 of Editions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (Anatole-France, 1978).
  3. N. Moore, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, S. Lehmann, and J. Bosenberg, Appl. Opt. 38, 5761 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Lehmann and J. Bosenberg, "A water vapour DIAL system using diode pumped Nd:YAG lasers," in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, Selected Papers of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference, A.Ansmann, R.Neuber, P.Rairoux, and U.Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 1996), pp. 309-312.
  5. R. Paschotta, N. Moore, W. A. Clarkson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, and G. Maze, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 1100 (1997).
  6. T. J. Kane, R. L. Byer, and B. K. Zhou, Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics (CLEO '84) (Optical Society of America, 1984), paper WM3, p. 114.
  7. T. J. Kane and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 10, 65 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. E. A. P. Cheng and T. J. Kane, Opt. Lett. 16, 478 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. I. Freitag, A. Tunnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 115, 511 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. J. Zang, J. P. Cao, M. C. Zhong, C. Y. Li, N. C. Shen, D. M. Hong, L. R. Cui, Z. Zhu, and A. H. Liu, Opt. Commun. 41, 7012 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

E. J. Zang, J. P. Cao, M. C. Zhong, C. Y. Li, N. C. Shen, D. M. Hong, L. R. Cui, Z. Zhu, and A. H. Liu, Opt. Commun. 41, 7012 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

R. Paschotta, N. Moore, W. A. Clarkson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, and G. Maze, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 1100 (1997).

1995 (1)

I. Freitag, A. Tunnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 115, 511 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1985 (1)

Bosenberg, J.

N. Moore, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, S. Lehmann, and J. Bosenberg, Appl. Opt. 38, 5761 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Lehmann and J. Bosenberg, "A water vapour DIAL system using diode pumped Nd:YAG lasers," in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, Selected Papers of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference, A.Ansmann, R.Neuber, P.Rairoux, and U.Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 1996), pp. 309-312.

Byer, R. L.

T. J. Kane and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 10, 65 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Kane, R. L. Byer, and B. K. Zhou, Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics (CLEO '84) (Optical Society of America, 1984), paper WM3, p. 114.

Cao, J. P.

E. J. Zang, J. P. Cao, M. C. Zhong, C. Y. Li, N. C. Shen, D. M. Hong, L. R. Cui, Z. Zhu, and A. H. Liu, Opt. Commun. 41, 7012 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, E. A. P.

Clarkson, W. A.

N. Moore, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, S. Lehmann, and J. Bosenberg, Appl. Opt. 38, 5761 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Paschotta, N. Moore, W. A. Clarkson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, and G. Maze, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 1100 (1997).

Cui, L. R.

E. J. Zang, J. P. Cao, M. C. Zhong, C. Y. Li, N. C. Shen, D. M. Hong, L. R. Cui, Z. Zhu, and A. H. Liu, Opt. Commun. 41, 7012 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Freitag, I.

I. Freitag, A. Tunnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 115, 511 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gerstenkorn, S.

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, Atlas du spectre d'absorption de la molecule d'iode, Vol. 15 of Editions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (Anatole-France, 1978).

Hanna, D. C.

N. Moore, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, S. Lehmann, and J. Bosenberg, Appl. Opt. 38, 5761 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Paschotta, N. Moore, W. A. Clarkson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, and G. Maze, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 1100 (1997).

Hong, D. M.

E. J. Zang, J. P. Cao, M. C. Zhong, C. Y. Li, N. C. Shen, D. M. Hong, L. R. Cui, Z. Zhu, and A. H. Liu, Opt. Commun. 41, 7012 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kane, T. J.

E. A. P. Cheng and T. J. Kane, Opt. Lett. 16, 478 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Kane and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 10, 65 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Kane, R. L. Byer, and B. K. Zhou, Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics (CLEO '84) (Optical Society of America, 1984), paper WM3, p. 114.

Lehmann, S.

N. Moore, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, S. Lehmann, and J. Bosenberg, Appl. Opt. 38, 5761 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Lehmann and J. Bosenberg, "A water vapour DIAL system using diode pumped Nd:YAG lasers," in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, Selected Papers of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference, A.Ansmann, R.Neuber, P.Rairoux, and U.Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 1996), pp. 309-312.

Li, C. Y.

E. J. Zang, J. P. Cao, M. C. Zhong, C. Y. Li, N. C. Shen, D. M. Hong, L. R. Cui, Z. Zhu, and A. H. Liu, Opt. Commun. 41, 7012 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A. H.

E. J. Zang, J. P. Cao, M. C. Zhong, C. Y. Li, N. C. Shen, D. M. Hong, L. R. Cui, Z. Zhu, and A. H. Liu, Opt. Commun. 41, 7012 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Luc, P.

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, Atlas du spectre d'absorption de la molecule d'iode, Vol. 15 of Editions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (Anatole-France, 1978).

Maze, G.

R. Paschotta, N. Moore, W. A. Clarkson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, and G. Maze, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 1100 (1997).

Moore, N.

N. Moore, W. A. Clarkson, D. C. Hanna, S. Lehmann, and J. Bosenberg, Appl. Opt. 38, 5761 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Paschotta, N. Moore, W. A. Clarkson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, and G. Maze, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 1100 (1997).

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, N. Moore, W. A. Clarkson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, and G. Maze, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 1100 (1997).

Shen, N. C.

E. J. Zang, J. P. Cao, M. C. Zhong, C. Y. Li, N. C. Shen, D. M. Hong, L. R. Cui, Z. Zhu, and A. H. Liu, Opt. Commun. 41, 7012 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tropper, A. C.

R. Paschotta, N. Moore, W. A. Clarkson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, and G. Maze, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 1100 (1997).

Tunnermann, A.

I. Freitag, A. Tunnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 115, 511 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Welling, H.

I. Freitag, A. Tunnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 115, 511 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zang, E. J.

E. J. Zang, J. P. Cao, M. C. Zhong, C. Y. Li, N. C. Shen, D. M. Hong, L. R. Cui, Z. Zhu, and A. H. Liu, Opt. Commun. 41, 7012 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, M. C.

E. J. Zang, J. P. Cao, M. C. Zhong, C. Y. Li, N. C. Shen, D. M. Hong, L. R. Cui, Z. Zhu, and A. H. Liu, Opt. Commun. 41, 7012 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, B. K.

T. J. Kane, R. L. Byer, and B. K. Zhou, Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics (CLEO '84) (Optical Society of America, 1984), paper WM3, p. 114.

Zhu, Z.

E. J. Zang, J. P. Cao, M. C. Zhong, C. Y. Li, N. C. Shen, D. M. Hong, L. R. Cui, Z. Zhu, and A. H. Liu, Opt. Commun. 41, 7012 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Paschotta, N. Moore, W. A. Clarkson, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, and G. Maze, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 1100 (1997).

Opt. Commun. (2)

I. Freitag, A. Tunnermann, and H. Welling, Opt. Commun. 115, 511 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Zang, J. P. Cao, M. C. Zhong, C. Y. Li, N. C. Shen, D. M. Hong, L. R. Cui, Z. Zhu, and A. H. Liu, Opt. Commun. 41, 7012 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (4)

T. J. Kane, R. L. Byer, and B. K. Zhou, Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics (CLEO '84) (Optical Society of America, 1984), paper WM3, p. 114.

"Report of the 10th Meeting of the Consultative Committee for Length (CCL 2001)," pp. 130-133.

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, Atlas du spectre d'absorption de la molecule d'iode, Vol. 15 of Editions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (Anatole-France, 1978).

S. Lehmann and J. Bosenberg, "A water vapour DIAL system using diode pumped Nd:YAG lasers," in Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with Lidar, Selected Papers of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference, A.Ansmann, R.Neuber, P.Rairoux, and U.Wandinger, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 1996), pp. 309-312.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental scheme of 1123 nm Nd : YAG monolithic nonplanar ring lasers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Single-frequency output power at 1123 nm versus the incident pumping powers.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Single-mode operation observed with a scanning confocal F-P interferometer.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Single-wavelength operation observed with an optical spectrum analyzer. RBW and VBW, resolution and video bandwidths.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Curves of single-frequency tuning versus the crystal temperature.

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