Abstract

Timing jitter characterization of optical pulse trains from free-running mode-locked lasers with attosecond resolution is demonstrated using balanced optical cross correlation in the timing detector and the timing delay configurations. In the timing detector configuration, the balanced cross correlation between two mode-locked lasers synchronized by a low-bandwidth phase-locked loop is used to measure the timing jitter spectral density outside the locking bandwidth. In addition, the timing delay configuration using a 325m long timing-stabilized fiber link enables the characterization of timing jitter faster than the delay time. The limitation set by shot noise in this configuration is 2.2×108fs2Hz corresponding to 470 as in 10MHz bandwidth.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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2007 (3)

2006 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

L. A. Jiang, S. T. Wong, M. E. Grein, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1047 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

R. P. Scott, C. Langrock, and B. H. Kolner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 641 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. Namiki and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

Chen, Y.-F.

Fejer, M. M.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gopinath, J. T.

Grein, M. E.

L. A. Jiang, S. T. Wong, M. E. Grein, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1047 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

L. A. Jiang, S. T. Wong, M. E. Grein, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1047 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Namiki and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Jiang, J.

Jiang, L. A.

L. A. Jiang, S. T. Wong, M. E. Grein, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1047 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

Käertner, F. X.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kim, J.

Kolner, B. H.

R. P. Scott, C. Langrock, and B. H. Kolner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 641 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kolodziejski, L. A.

Kuzucu, O.

Langrock, C.

C. Langrock and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 32, 2306 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. P. Scott, C. Langrock, and B. H. Kolner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 641 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Loehl, F.

Lorbeer, B.

B. Lorbeer, F. Ludwig, H. Schlarb, and A. Winter, in Proceedings of Particle Accelerator Conference 2007 (PAC, 2007), p. 182.
[CrossRef]

Ludwig, F.

B. Lorbeer, F. Ludwig, H. Schlarb, and A. Winter, in Proceedings of Particle Accelerator Conference 2007 (PAC, 2007), p. 182.
[CrossRef]

Namiki, S.

S. Namiki and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Petrich, G. S.

Schibli, T. R.

Schlarb, H.

J. Kim, J. Chen, Z. Zhang, F. N. C. Wong, F. X. Kärtner, F. Loehl, and H. Schlarb, Opt. Lett. 32, 1044 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Lorbeer, F. Ludwig, H. Schlarb, and A. Winter, in Proceedings of Particle Accelerator Conference 2007 (PAC, 2007), p. 182.
[CrossRef]

Scott, R. P.

R. P. Scott, C. Langrock, and B. H. Kolner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 641 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sickler, J. W.

Tandon, S. N.

Winter, A.

B. Lorbeer, F. Ludwig, H. Schlarb, and A. Winter, in Proceedings of Particle Accelerator Conference 2007 (PAC, 2007), p. 182.
[CrossRef]

Wong, F. N. C.

Wong, S. T.

L. A. Jiang, S. T. Wong, M. E. Grein, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1047 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. Namiki and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Jiang, S. T. Wong, M. E. Grein, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1047 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. P. Scott, C. Langrock, and B. H. Kolner, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 641 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (3)

F.X.Kärtner, ed., Few-Cycle Pulse Generation and Its Applications (Springer, 2004).

B. Lorbeer, F. Ludwig, H. Schlarb, and A. Winter, in Proceedings of Particle Accelerator Conference 2007 (PAC, 2007), p. 182.
[CrossRef]

Agilent Technologies, "Phase Noise Characterization of Microwave Oscillator," Product Note 11729C-2.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Measurement setup for timing jitter spectral density using a signal source analyzer. BPF, bandpass filter. (b) Measurement results: curves (i), (ii), and (iii), the input optical power is 2, 4, and 10 mW , respectively; curves (iii) and (iv), different settings of the instrument when the input power is 10 mW .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematic of the timing detector method. The inset shows the balanced cross-correlation signal when the two lasers are not locked. HWP, half-wave-plate; PBC, polarization beam-splitting cube. (b) Schematic of the timing delay method. FRM, Faraday rotating mirror; QWP, quarter-wave plate; SM, silver mirror.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Timing jitter spectral density measurement results: curves (i) and (ii), the results obtained with the signal source analyzer for lasers 1 and 2, respectively; curve (iii), the result obtained with the timing detector method between lasers 1 and 2; curve (iv), the cross-correlation result obtained with the timing delay method for laser 1; curve (v), the calculated jitter density result from the timing delay method for laser 1; curve (vi), the shot-noise limitation of the timing delay method. By combining curve (iii) in the 10 310 kHz range and curve (v) in the 310 kHz 10 MHz range, the upper limit for the timing jitter of laser 1 is extracted.

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