Abstract

A 10GHz regeneratively mode-locked semiconductor optical amplifier fiber ring laser with a picosecond pulse duration was newly constructed, and the linewidth change of a longitudinal mode was measured for various laser cavity lengths using a delayed self-heterodyne detection method. The detected line shape was approximately Gaussian for cavity lengths of 3.4171m. This result indicates that the laser linewidth depends strongly on thermal or acoustic cavity length fluctuations. The linewidth was proportional to the inverse square root of the cavity length, and a linewidth of 1.7kHz was obtained for a cavity length of 171m.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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2007

2005

2003

E. N. Ivanov, S. A. Diddarms, and L. Hollberg, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 50, 355 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Xu, I. Glesk, D. Rand, V. Baby, and P. R. Prucnal, Opt. Lett. 28, 780 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

2001

K. Sato and H. Toba, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 328 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

D. H. Kim, S. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, S. Y. Ko, J. C. Jo, and S. S. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 521 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

M. Nakazawa, K. R. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, Opt. Fiber Technol. 4, 215 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, Electron. Lett. 32, 461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991

L. B. Mercer, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 485 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989

1982

C. H. Henry, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 259 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1980

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1958

A. L. Schawlow and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 112, 1940 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Abeles, J.

Agrawal, G. P.

Baby, V.

Benkler, E.

Braun, A.

Chang, Y.-C.

Choi, S. S.

D. H. Kim, S. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, S. Y. Ko, J. C. Jo, and S. S. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 521 (1999).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

T. Kobayashi, T. Okada, K. A. Nelson, and S. De Silvestri, Proceedings of the 14th Inernational Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Springer-Verlag, 2004), Section FA.

Delfyett, P. J.

DePriest, C. M.

Diddarms, S. A.

E. N. Ivanov, S. A. Diddarms, and L. Hollberg, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 50, 355 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Glesk, I.

Hagiuda, K.

Haneda, K.

Henry, C. H.

C. H. Henry, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 259 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Hirooka, T.

Hollberg, L.

E. N. Ivanov, S. A. Diddarms, and L. Hollberg, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 50, 355 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, E. N.

E. N. Ivanov, S. A. Diddarms, and L. Hollberg, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 50, 355 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jhon, Y. M.

D. H. Kim, S. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, S. Y. Ko, J. C. Jo, and S. S. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 521 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jo, J. C.

D. H. Kim, S. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, S. Y. Ko, J. C. Jo, and S. S. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 521 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D. H.

D. H. Kim, S. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, S. Y. Ko, J. C. Jo, and S. S. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 521 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. H.

D. H. Kim, S. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, S. Y. Ko, J. C. Jo, and S. S. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 521 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, Y.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ko, S. Y.

D. H. Kim, S. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, S. Y. Ko, J. C. Jo, and S. S. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 521 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

T. Kobayashi, T. Okada, K. A. Nelson, and S. De Silvestri, Proceedings of the 14th Inernational Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Springer-Verlag, 2004), Section FA.

Kubota, H.

M. Nakazawa, K. R. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, Opt. Fiber Technol. 4, 215 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lin, G.-R.

Mercer, L. B.

L. B. Mercer, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 485 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nakayama, A.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

T. Hirooka, S. Ono, K. Hagiuda, and M. Nakazawa, Opt. Lett. 30, 364 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Haneda, M. Yoshida, M. Nakazawa, H. Yokoyama, and Y. Ogawa, Opt. Lett. 30, 1000 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nakazawa, K. R. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, Opt. Fiber Technol. 4, 215 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, Electron. Lett. 32, 461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, K. A.

T. Kobayashi, T. Okada, K. A. Nelson, and S. De Silvestri, Proceedings of the 14th Inernational Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Springer-Verlag, 2004), Section FA.

Newbury, N. R.

Ogawa, Y.

Okada, T.

T. Kobayashi, T. Okada, K. A. Nelson, and S. De Silvestri, Proceedings of the 14th Inernational Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Springer-Verlag, 2004), Section FA.

Okoshi, T.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, N. A.

Ono, S.

Prucnal, P. R.

Rand, D.

Sato, K.

K. Sato and H. Toba, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 328 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schawlow, A. L.

A. L. Schawlow and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 112, 1940 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Swann, W. C.

Tamura, K.

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, Electron. Lett. 32, 461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K. R.

M. Nakazawa, K. R. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, Opt. Fiber Technol. 4, 215 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tauser, F.

Telle, H. R.

Toba, H.

K. Sato and H. Toba, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 328 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Townes, C. H.

A. L. Schawlow and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 112, 1940 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Wu, M.-C.

Xu, L.

Yilmaz, T.

Yokoyama, H.

Yoshida, E.

M. Nakazawa, K. R. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, Opt. Fiber Technol. 4, 215 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, Electron. Lett. 32, 461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

Zach, A.

Electron. Lett.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, Electron. Lett. 32, 461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

C. H. Henry, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 259 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

K. Sato and H. Toba, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 328 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

D. H. Kim, S. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, S. Y. Ko, J. C. Jo, and S. S. Choi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 521 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control

E. N. Ivanov, S. A. Diddarms, and L. Hollberg, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 50, 355 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lightwave Technol.

L. B. Mercer, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 485 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Fiber Technol.

M. Nakazawa, K. R. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, Opt. Fiber Technol. 4, 215 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev.

A. L. Schawlow and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 112, 1940 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Other

T. Kobayashi, T. Okada, K. A. Nelson, and S. De Silvestri, Proceedings of the 14th Inernational Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Springer-Verlag, 2004), Section FA.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

10 GHz regeneratively mode-locked SOA fiber ring laser. SOA, semiconductor optical amplifier; PM-DSF, polarization-maintaining dispersion-shifted fiber; Amp, electrical amplifier.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output pulse characteristics. For a cavity length of 3.4 m : (a-1) autocorrelation trace, (b-1) optical spectrum, (c-1) 10 GHz clock spectrum. For a cavity length of 51 m : (a-2) autocorrelation trace, (b-2) optical spectrum, (c-2) 10 GHz clock spectrum.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup for a delayed self-heterodyne interferometer.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Detected beat note spectra and Voigt fittings for various cavity lengths: (a) 3.4 m , (b) 6.5 m , (c) 51 m , (d) 171 m . The resolution bandwidth of the electrical spectrum analyzer was set at 300 Hz .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Change in the laser linewidth as a function of cavity length. The Voigt function was used to fit the experimental results.

Equations (1)

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V ( f 0 , f L ) = e f 2 2 σ 2 2 π σ f L π [ ( f f 0 ) 2 + f L 2 ] d f .

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