Abstract

We demonstrate experimental laser projection of a gray-level photographic image with 74% light efficiency using the generalized phase contrast (GPC) method. In contrast with a previously proposed technique [ Alonzo et al., New J. Phys. 9, 132 (2007) ], a new approach to image construction via GPC is introduced. An arbitrary phase shift filter eliminates the need for high-frequency modulation and conjugate phase encoding. This lowers device performance requirements and allows practical implementation with currently available dynamic spatial light modulators.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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2007 (4)

2005 (3)

P. Senthilkumaran, F. Wyrowski, and H. Schimmel, Opt. Lasers Eng. 43, 43 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Arneborg, H. Siegumfeldt, G. H. Andersen, P. Nissen, V. R. Daria, P. J. Rodrigo, and J. Glückstad, FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 245, 155 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, S. Sun, S. Singha, M. R. Cho, and R. J. Gordon, Biomaterials 26, 4597 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

G. Kerner and M. Asscher, Nano Lett. 4, 1433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Glückstad, Nat. Mater. 2, 9 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

D. Psaltis, Science 298, 1359 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (2)

D. C. Munson Jr., IEEE Trans. Image Process. 5, 3 (1996).

J. Glückstad, Opt. Commun. 130, 225 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1955 (1)

F. Zernike, Science 121, 345 (1955).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Biomaterials (1)

Y. Liu, S. Sun, S. Singha, M. R. Cho, and R. J. Gordon, Biomaterials 26, 4597 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

FEMS Microbiol. Lett. (1)

N. Arneborg, H. Siegumfeldt, G. H. Andersen, P. Nissen, V. R. Daria, P. J. Rodrigo, and J. Glückstad, FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 245, 155 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE Trans. Image Process. (1)

D. C. Munson Jr., IEEE Trans. Image Process. 5, 3 (1996).

Nano Lett. (1)

G. Kerner and M. Asscher, Nano Lett. 4, 1433 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

J. Glückstad, Nat. Mater. 2, 9 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

M. Righini, A. S. Zelenia, C. Girard, and R. Quidant, Nat. Phys. 3, 477 (2007).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

C. A. Alonzo, P. J. Rodrigo, and J. Glückstad, New J. Phys. 9, 132 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Glückstad, Opt. Commun. 130, 225 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lasers Eng. (1)

P. Senthilkumaran, F. Wyrowski, and H. Schimmel, Opt. Lasers Eng. 43, 43 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Science (2)

D. Psaltis, Science 298, 1359 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Zernike, Science 121, 345 (1955).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

V. A. Soifer, Methods for Computer Design of Diffractive Optical Elements (Wiley, 2002).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Generic GPC system for image construction.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Phasor diagrams of interfering light components in a GPC system. (a) Alternate-pixel conjugation scheme with θ = π . (b) Arbitrary θ scheme requiring only 0 to π encoding.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Image projection of a GPC system. (a) Image captured with a CCD at the output plane. (b) Intensity distribution at the output plane when the PCF is removed. (c) Numerically simulated image projection incorporating amplitude modulation cross talk.

Equations (3)

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o ( x , y ) = exp [ i ϕ ( x , y ) ] + c ( x , y ) [ exp ( i θ ) 1 ] ,
o ( x , y ) 2 = 4 sin [ ϕ ( x , y ) 2 ] 2 .
α ¯ = 1 2 ( 1 F ) g ( 0 , 0 ) + i cot ( θ 2 ) 2 F g ( 0 , 0 ) ,

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