Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a procedure for characterizing the quantum efficiency of a single-photon detector in the telecommunication wavelength band. Our procedure employs a bidirectional coincidence counting technique to distinguish optical component losses from the detection efficiency. The standard deviations of the measured quantum efficiencies were nearly identical to the standard deviations derived from a detection probability having a Poisson distribution.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, Electron. Lett. 39, 621 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Takesue, K. Inoue, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and M. Adobe, Opt. Lett. 30, 293 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. N. Klyshko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1112 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Ware and A. Migdall, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1549 (2004).
  5. S.-V. Polyakov and A. Migdall, Opt. Express 15, 1390 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. Brida, M. Genovese, M. Gramegna, M.-L. Rastello, M. Chekhova, and L. Krivitsky, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 488 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. X. Chen, Y.-H. Zhai, D. Zhang, and L.-A. Wu, Opt. Lett. 31, 2441 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. Mori, J. Soderholm, N. Namekata, and S. Inoue, Opt. Commun. 264, 156 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

X. Chen, Y.-H. Zhai, D. Zhang, and L.-A. Wu, Opt. Lett. 31, 2441 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Mori, J. Soderholm, N. Namekata, and S. Inoue, Opt. Commun. 264, 156 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

M. Ware and A. Migdall, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1549 (2004).

2003 (1)

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, Electron. Lett. 39, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

D. N. Klyshko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1112 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Adobe, M.

Brida, G.

Chekhova, M.

Chen, X.

Genovese, M.

Gramegna, M.

Inoue, K.

Inoue, S.

S. Mori, J. Soderholm, N. Namekata, and S. Inoue, Opt. Commun. 264, 156 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kaji, R.

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, Electron. Lett. 39, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Klyshko, D. N.

D. N. Klyshko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1112 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Krivitsky, L.

Migdall, A.

S.-V. Polyakov and A. Migdall, Opt. Express 15, 1390 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ware and A. Migdall, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1549 (2004).

Mori, S.

S. Mori, J. Soderholm, N. Namekata, and S. Inoue, Opt. Commun. 264, 156 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Namekata, N.

S. Mori, J. Soderholm, N. Namekata, and S. Inoue, Opt. Commun. 264, 156 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nishida, Y.

Polyakov, S.-V.

Rastello, M.-L.

Soderholm, J.

S. Mori, J. Soderholm, N. Namekata, and S. Inoue, Opt. Commun. 264, 156 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tadanaga, O.

Takesue, H.

Tsuchida, H.

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, Electron. Lett. 39, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ware, M.

M. Ware and A. Migdall, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1549 (2004).

Wu, L.-A.

Yoshizawa, A.

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, Electron. Lett. 39, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhai, Y.-H.

Zhang, D.

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, Electron. Lett. 39, 621 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

M. Ware and A. Migdall, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 1549 (2004).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Mori, J. Soderholm, N. Namekata, and S. Inoue, Opt. Commun. 264, 156 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. N. Klyshko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1112 (1980).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the PPLN module.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmissivity ( p ( 0 ) p ( 1 ) ) as a function of wavelength ( 1540   to   1560 nm in 1 nm steps).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmissivities of L 0 and L 1 as a function of wavelength ( 1530   to   1570 nm in 0.5 nm steps).

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Average Values and Their Standard Deviations of the Single and Coincidence Counting Rates

Tables Icon

Table 2 Resultant Data

Equations (8)

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S j ( i ) = μ ( i ) η j p ( i ) α j ,
C ( i ) = [ μ ( i ) η 0 η 1 ( p ( i ) ) 2 γ ] 2 ,
α j L j ( ω ) d ω ,
γ L 0 ( ω ) L 1 ( Ω p ω ) d ω ,
η 0 = 2 α 1 γ p ( 0 ) p ( 1 ) C ( 0 ) C ( 1 ) S 1 ( 0 ) S 1 ( 1 ) ,
η 1 = 2 α 0 γ p ( 0 ) p ( 1 ) C ( 0 ) C ( 1 ) S 0 ( 0 ) S 0 ( 1 ) .
δ η 0 = ( δ C ( 0 ) C ( 0 ) + δ C ( 1 ) C ( 1 ) + δ S 1 ( 0 ) S 1 ( 0 ) + δ S 1 ( 1 ) S 1 ( 1 ) ) η 0 2 ,
δ η 1 = ( δ C ( 0 ) C ( 0 ) + δ C ( 1 ) C ( 1 ) + δ S 0 ( 0 ) S 0 ( 0 ) + δ S 0 ( 1 ) S 0 ( 1 ) ) η 1 2 .

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