Abstract

We report an experimental demonstration of an integrated biochemical sensor based on a slot-waveguide microring resonator. The microresonator is fabricated on a Si3N4SiO2 platform and operates at a wavelength of 1.3μm. The transmission spectrum of the sensor is measured with different ambient refractive indices ranging from n=1.33 to 1.42. A linear shift of the resonant wavelength with increasing ambient refractive index of 212nm/refractive index units (RIU) is observed. The sensor detects a minimal refractive index variation of 2×104RIU.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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Corrections

Carlos A. Barrios, Kristinn B. Gylfason, Benito Sánchez, Amadeu Griol, H. Sohlström, M. Holgado, and R. Casquel, "Slot-waveguide biochemical sensor: erratum," Opt. Lett. 33, 2554-2555 (2008)
https://www.osapublishing.org/ol/abstract.cfm?uri=ol-33-21-2554

References

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2007 (4)

2006 (2)

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Anderson, B. Schmidt, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 14, 9197 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

J. Blasco and C. A. Barrios, in Proceedings of the 2005 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (IEEE, 2005), p. 607.
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

J. Räty and K.-E. Peiponen, Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 74 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

H. Sohlström and M. Öberg, in Proceedings of the 8th European Conference on Integrated Optics (EICO'97) (Royal Institute of Technology, 1997), p. 322.

1996 (1)

1993 (1)

R. G. Heideman, R. P. H. Kooyman, and J. Greve, Sens. Actuators B 10, 209 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Aldridge, J. C.

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Almeida, V.

Almeida, V. R.

Anderson, P. A.

Anthes-Washburn, M.

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

Barrios, C. A.

Bartolozzi, I.

Bienstman, P.

Blasco, J.

J. Blasco and C. A. Barrios, in Proceedings of the 2005 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (IEEE, 2005), p. 607.
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

A. Schweinsberg, S. Hocdé, N. N. Lepeshkin, R. W. Boyd, C. Chase, and J. E. Fajardo, Sens. Actuators B 123, 727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Casquel, R.

Chase, C.

A. Schweinsberg, S. Hocdé, N. N. Lepeshkin, R. W. Boyd, C. Chase, and J. E. Fajardo, Sens. Actuators B 123, 727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chbouki, N.

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chow, E.

Chu, S.

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

De Vos, K.

Dell'Olio, F.

Desai, T. A

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fajardo, J. E.

A. Schweinsberg, S. Hocdé, N. N. Lepeshkin, R. W. Boyd, C. Chase, and J. E. Fajardo, Sens. Actuators B 123, 727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gill, D.

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Girolami, G.

Goldberg, B. B.

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Greve, J.

R. G. Heideman, R. P. H. Kooyman, and J. Greve, Sens. Actuators B 10, 209 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Griol, A.

Grot, A.

Gylfason, K. B.

Harris, R. D.

Heideman, R. G.

R. G. Heideman, R. P. H. Kooyman, and J. Greve, Sens. Actuators B 10, 209 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hocdé, S.

A. Schweinsberg, S. Hocdé, N. N. Lepeshkin, R. W. Boyd, C. Chase, and J. E. Fajardo, Sens. Actuators B 123, 727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Holgado, M.

Hryniewicz, J.

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

King, O.

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kooyman, R. P. H.

R. G. Heideman, R. P. H. Kooyman, and J. Greve, Sens. Actuators B 10, 209 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lepeshkin, N. N.

A. Schweinsberg, S. Hocdé, N. N. Lepeshkin, R. W. Boyd, C. Chase, and J. E. Fajardo, Sens. Actuators B 123, 727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Little, B. E.

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Luff, B. J.

Mirkarimi, L. W.

Öberg, M.

H. Sohlström and M. Öberg, in Proceedings of the 8th European Conference on Integrated Optics (EICO'97) (Royal Institute of Technology, 1997), p. 322.

Panepucci, R.

Panepucci, R. R.

Passaro, V. M.

Peiponen, K.-E.

J. Räty and K.-E. Peiponen, Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 74 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Popat, K. C.

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Räty, J.

J. Räty and K.-E. Peiponen, Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 74 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sánchez, B.

Schacht, E.

Schmidt, B.

Schweinsberg, A.

A. Schweinsberg, S. Hocdé, N. N. Lepeshkin, R. W. Boyd, C. Chase, and J. E. Fajardo, Sens. Actuators B 123, 727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sigalas, M.

Sohlström, H.

C. A. Barrios, B. Sánchez, K. B. Gylfason, A. Griol, H. Sohlström, M. Holgado, and R. Casquel, Opt. Express 15, 6846 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sohlström and M. Öberg, in Proceedings of the 8th European Conference on Integrated Optics (EICO'97) (Royal Institute of Technology, 1997), p. 322.

Ünlü, M. S.

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Van, V.

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wilkinson, J. S.

Xu, Q.

Yalçin, A.

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Yalçin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Ünlü, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

J. Räty and K.-E. Peiponen, Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 74 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Sens. Actuators B (2)

A. Schweinsberg, S. Hocdé, N. N. Lepeshkin, R. W. Boyd, C. Chase, and J. E. Fajardo, Sens. Actuators B 123, 727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Heideman, R. P. H. Kooyman, and J. Greve, Sens. Actuators B 10, 209 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

H. Sohlström and M. Öberg, in Proceedings of the 8th European Conference on Integrated Optics (EICO'97) (Royal Institute of Technology, 1997), p. 322.

http://www.ist-sabio.org/.

J. Blasco and C. A. Barrios, in Proceedings of the 2005 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (IEEE, 2005), p. 607.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Optical microscope top-view photograph of a fabricated slot-waveguide ring resonator. A window is opened in the top cladding Si O 2 over the ring to expose the sensor to different liquids. (b) Schematic cross section of the coupling region between the bus and the ring slot waveguides.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Normalized transmission spectra of the slot-waveguide microring resonator for TE polarization with five different ambient refractive index, corresponding to different DI H 2 O –ethanol mixtures: s 1 (3.23% volume of ethanol), s 2 (6.25% volume of ethanol), s 3 (9.10% volume of ethanol), and s 4 (11.76% volume of ethanol). (b) Resonant wavelength plotted as a function of ambient index ( Δ n fluid ) . Linear fit of the measured data exhibits a slope of 212.13 nm RIU .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated ( Δ n eff n eff ) for filled (circles) and unfilled (triangles) slot and experimental ( Δ λ λ res ) as a function of the fluid (ambient) refractive index.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized transmission spectra of the slot-waveguide microring resonator for TE polarization with three different ambient refractive index, corresponding to DI H 2 O ( n = 1.33 ) , isopropanol ( n = 1.37 ) , and cyclohexane ( n = 1.42 ) .

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