Abstract

We theoretically propose surface-emitted and collinear phase-matched terahertz (THz)-wave generation in a conventional optical fiber. The third-order nonlinear effect, four-wave mixing (FWM), is used to generate THz waves in an optical fiber. Surface-emitted THz-wave generation via FWM is realized using a single-mode fiber. Perfect phase matching is obtained at 800nm and 1.55μm pumping, and it follows that third-order polarization in an optical fiber has the same phase at any point. In this situation, the optical fiber acts like a phased array antenna of the THz wave. Collinear phase-matching THz waves are obtained under the same conditions as for surface-emitted THz waves, and the THz wave is propagated in the silica cladding of the optical fiber. This is a promising method for realizing a reasonable THz-wave source.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
  2. T. Yajima and K. Inoue, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 140 (1969).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  4. K. Kawase, M. Mizuno, S. Sohma, H. Takahashi, T. Taniuchi, Y. Urata, S. Wada, H. Tashiro, and H. Ito, Opt. Lett. 24, 1065 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  5. Y. Avetisyan and K. Kocharyan, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA 1999 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 1999), pp. 380-381.
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    [Crossref]
  7. Y. Sasaki, Y. Suzuki, K. Suizu, H. Ito, S. Yamaguchi, and M. Imaeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L367 (2006).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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  13. R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics (Dekker, 2003).
    [Crossref]
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2007 (1)

J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, Appl. Phys. B 86, 185 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

Y. Sasaki, Y. Suzuki, K. Suizu, H. Ito, S. Yamaguchi, and M. Imaeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L367 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

T. Suhara, Y. Avetisyan, and H. Ito, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 166 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics (Dekker, 2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

Y. Sasaki, A. Yuri, K. Kawase, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3323 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (3)

D. Cote, J. M. Fraser, M. DeCamp, P. H. Bucksbaum, and H. M. van Driel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3959 (1999).
[Crossref]

Y. Avetisyan and K. Kocharyan, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA 1999 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 1999), pp. 380-381.

K. Kawase, M. Mizuno, S. Sohma, H. Takahashi, T. Taniuchi, Y. Urata, S. Wada, H. Tashiro, and H. Ito, Opt. Lett. 24, 1065 (1999).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

1978 (1)

K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, and R. I. MacDonald, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5098 (1978).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

K. H. Yang, J. R. Morris, P. L. Richards, and Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 669 (1973).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

T. Yajima and K. Inoue, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 140 (1969).
[Crossref]

1965 (1)

F. Zernike, Jr. and P. R. Berman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 999 (1965).
[Crossref]

Avetisyan, Y.

J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, Appl. Phys. B 86, 185 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Suhara, Y. Avetisyan, and H. Ito, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 166 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. Avetisyan and K. Kocharyan, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA 1999 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 1999), pp. 380-381.

Beigang, R.

J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, Appl. Phys. B 86, 185 (2007).
[Crossref]

Berman, P. R.

F. Zernike, Jr. and P. R. Berman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 999 (1965).
[Crossref]

Bucksbaum, P. H.

D. Cote, J. M. Fraser, M. DeCamp, P. H. Bucksbaum, and H. M. van Driel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3959 (1999).
[Crossref]

Cote, D.

D. Cote, J. M. Fraser, M. DeCamp, P. H. Bucksbaum, and H. M. van Driel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3959 (1999).
[Crossref]

DeCamp, M.

D. Cote, J. M. Fraser, M. DeCamp, P. H. Bucksbaum, and H. M. van Driel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3959 (1999).
[Crossref]

Eden, S.

Fraser, J. M.

D. Cote, J. M. Fraser, M. DeCamp, P. H. Bucksbaum, and H. M. van Driel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3959 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, and R. I. MacDonald, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5098 (1978).
[Crossref]

Imaeda, M.

Y. Sasaki, Y. Suzuki, K. Suizu, H. Ito, S. Yamaguchi, and M. Imaeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L367 (2006).
[Crossref]

Inoue, K.

T. Yajima and K. Inoue, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 140 (1969).
[Crossref]

Ito, H.

Y. Sasaki, Y. Suzuki, K. Suizu, H. Ito, S. Yamaguchi, and M. Imaeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L367 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Suhara, Y. Avetisyan, and H. Ito, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 166 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. Sasaki, A. Yuri, K. Kawase, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3323 (2002).
[Crossref]

K. Kawase, M. Mizuno, S. Sohma, H. Takahashi, T. Taniuchi, Y. Urata, S. Wada, H. Tashiro, and H. Ito, Opt. Lett. 24, 1065 (1999).
[Crossref]

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, and R. I. MacDonald, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5098 (1978).
[Crossref]

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, and R. I. MacDonald, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5098 (1978).
[Crossref]

Kawase, K.

Kocharyan, K.

Y. Avetisyan and K. Kocharyan, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA 1999 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 1999), pp. 380-381.

Kress, M.

L'Huillier, J. A.

J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, Appl. Phys. B 86, 185 (2007).
[Crossref]

Loffler, T.

MacDonald, R. I.

K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, and R. I. MacDonald, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5098 (1978).
[Crossref]

Mizuno, M.

Morris, J. R.

K. H. Yang, J. R. Morris, P. L. Richards, and Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 669 (1973).
[Crossref]

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

Richards, P. L.

K. H. Yang, J. R. Morris, P. L. Richards, and Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 669 (1973).
[Crossref]

Roskos, H. G.

Sasaki, Y.

Y. Sasaki, Y. Suzuki, K. Suizu, H. Ito, S. Yamaguchi, and M. Imaeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L367 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Sasaki, A. Yuri, K. Kawase, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3323 (2002).
[Crossref]

Shen, Y. R.

K. H. Yang, J. R. Morris, P. L. Richards, and Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 669 (1973).
[Crossref]

Sohma, S.

Suhara, T.

T. Suhara, Y. Avetisyan, and H. Ito, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 166 (2003).
[Crossref]

Suizu, K.

Y. Sasaki, Y. Suzuki, K. Suizu, H. Ito, S. Yamaguchi, and M. Imaeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L367 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sutherland, R. L.

R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics (Dekker, 2003).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, Y.

Y. Sasaki, Y. Suzuki, K. Suizu, H. Ito, S. Yamaguchi, and M. Imaeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L367 (2006).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, H.

Taniuchi, T.

Tashiro, H.

Theuer, M.

J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, Appl. Phys. B 86, 185 (2007).
[Crossref]

Thomson, M.

Torosyan, G.

J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, Appl. Phys. B 86, 185 (2007).
[Crossref]

Urata, Y.

van Driel, H. M.

D. Cote, J. M. Fraser, M. DeCamp, P. H. Bucksbaum, and H. M. van Driel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3959 (1999).
[Crossref]

Wada, S.

Yajima, T.

T. Yajima and K. Inoue, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 140 (1969).
[Crossref]

Yamaguchi, S.

Y. Sasaki, Y. Suzuki, K. Suizu, H. Ito, S. Yamaguchi, and M. Imaeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L367 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yang, K. H.

K. H. Yang, J. R. Morris, P. L. Richards, and Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 669 (1973).
[Crossref]

Yuri, A.

Y. Sasaki, A. Yuri, K. Kawase, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3323 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zernike, F.

F. Zernike, Jr. and P. R. Berman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 999 (1965).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. A. L'Huillier, G. Torosyan, M. Theuer, Y. Avetisyan, and R. Beigang, Appl. Phys. B 86, 185 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

K. H. Yang, J. R. Morris, P. L. Richards, and Y. R. Shen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 669 (1973).
[Crossref]

Y. Sasaki, A. Yuri, K. Kawase, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3323 (2002).
[Crossref]

D. Cote, J. M. Fraser, M. DeCamp, P. H. Bucksbaum, and H. M. van Driel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3959 (1999).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

T. Yajima and K. Inoue, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 140 (1969).
[Crossref]

T. Suhara, Y. Avetisyan, and H. Ito, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 166 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, and R. I. MacDonald, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5098 (1978).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Sasaki, Y. Suzuki, K. Suizu, H. Ito, S. Yamaguchi, and M. Imaeda, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L367 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Zernike, Jr. and P. R. Berman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 999 (1965).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

Y. Avetisyan and K. Kocharyan, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA 1999 Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 1999), pp. 380-381.

R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics (Dekker, 2003).
[Crossref]

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of (a) energy-conservation diagram and the phase-matching conditions for (b) surface-emitted generation and (c) collinear phase matching.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Required pumping wavelength λ 1 (dashed line) and related THz frequency (solid curve) depend on λ 2 = λ 3 for surface-emitted THz-wave generation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Required pumping wavelength λ 1 (dashed line) and related THz-frequency (solid curve) depend on λ 2 = λ 3 for collinear phase-matched THz-wave generation under (a) ω 1 pumping and (b) ω 2 = ω 3 pumping.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ω THz = ± ( ω 1 ω 2 ω 3 ) ,
k 1 k 2 k 3 = 0 ,
k 1 k 2 k 3 ± k THz = 0 ,
λ THz = ± λ 1 λ 2 λ 2 2 λ 1 ,
λ 1 = n 1 2 n 2 λ 2 ,
λ 1 = ± n THz n 1 λ 2 2 n 2 λ 1 λ 1 λ 2 ,
P THz = 16 n THz 5 N 2 2 9 n opt 3 λ THz 3 w ( μ o ε o ) L P 1 P 2 P 3 ,

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