Abstract

We report the near-field imaging characterization of a 10Hz Ni-like 18.9nm molybdenum soft-x-ray laser pumped in a grazing incidence pumping (GRIP) geometry with a table-top laser driver. We investigate the effect of varying the GRIP angle on the spatial behavior of the soft-x-ray laser source. After multiparameter optimization, we were able to find conditions to generate routinely a high-repetition-rate soft-x-ray laser with an energy level of up to 3μJ/pulse and to 6×1017  photonssmm2mrad2/(0.1% bandwidth) average brightness and 1×1028  photonssmm2mrad2/(0.1% bandwidth) peak brightness.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, M. C. Marconi, and J. J. Rocca, Opt. Lett. 30, 165 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berril, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Weith, M. A. Larotonda, Y. Wang, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. C. Marconi, and J. J. Rocca, Opt. Lett. 31, 1994 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Tümmler, K. A. Janulewicz, G. Priebe, and P. V. Nickles, Phys. Rev. E 72, 037401 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, Phys. Rev. A 59, R47 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. J. Pert, Phys. Rev. A 73, 033809 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, K. Cassou, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, G. Jamelot, D. Joyeux, and D. Phalippou, Europhys. Lett. 74, 823 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54, 181 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (3)

G. J. Pert, Phys. Rev. A 73, 033809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, K. Cassou, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, G. Jamelot, D. Joyeux, and D. Phalippou, Europhys. Lett. 74, 823 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Weith, M. A. Larotonda, Y. Wang, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. C. Marconi, and J. J. Rocca, Opt. Lett. 31, 1994 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, M. C. Marconi, and J. J. Rocca, Opt. Lett. 30, 165 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berril, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Tümmler, K. A. Janulewicz, G. Priebe, and P. V. Nickles, Phys. Rev. E 72, 037401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, Phys. Rev. A 59, R47 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54, 181 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Alessi, D.

Berril, M.

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berril, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Berrill, M.

Cassou, K.

O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, K. Cassou, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, G. Jamelot, D. Joyeux, and D. Phalippou, Europhys. Lett. 74, 823 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Davis, J. C.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54, 181 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, J.

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eker, G.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, Phys. Rev. A 59, R47 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Guilbaud, O.

O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, K. Cassou, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, G. Jamelot, D. Joyeux, and D. Phalippou, Europhys. Lett. 74, 823 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gullikson, E. M.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54, 181 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Henke, B. L.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54, 181 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jamelot, G.

O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, K. Cassou, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, G. Jamelot, D. Joyeux, and D. Phalippou, Europhys. Lett. 74, 823 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Janulewicz, K. A.

J. Tümmler, K. A. Janulewicz, G. Priebe, and P. V. Nickles, Phys. Rev. E 72, 037401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Joyeux, D.

O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, K. Cassou, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, G. Jamelot, D. Joyeux, and D. Phalippou, Europhys. Lett. 74, 823 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kazamias, S.

O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, K. Cassou, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, G. Jamelot, D. Joyeux, and D. Phalippou, Europhys. Lett. 74, 823 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Keenan, R.

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klisnick, A.

O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, K. Cassou, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, G. Jamelot, D. Joyeux, and D. Phalippou, Europhys. Lett. 74, 823 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Larotonda, M. A.

Luther, B. M.

Marconi, M. C.

McCabe, S.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, Phys. Rev. A 59, R47 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nickles, P. V.

J. Tümmler, K. A. Janulewicz, G. Priebe, and P. V. Nickles, Phys. Rev. E 72, 037401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Patel, P. K.

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pert, G. J.

G. J. Pert, Phys. Rev. A 73, 033809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, Phys. Rev. A 59, R47 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phalippou, D.

O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, K. Cassou, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, G. Jamelot, D. Joyeux, and D. Phalippou, Europhys. Lett. 74, 823 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Price, D. F.

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Priebe, G.

J. Tümmler, K. A. Janulewicz, G. Priebe, and P. V. Nickles, Phys. Rev. E 72, 037401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rocca, J. J.

Ros, D.

O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, K. Cassou, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, G. Jamelot, D. Joyeux, and D. Phalippou, Europhys. Lett. 74, 823 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shlyaptsev, V. N.

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berril, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, R.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, Phys. Rev. A 59, R47 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. F.

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tallents, G. J.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, Phys. Rev. A 59, R47 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tümmler, J.

J. Tümmler, K. A. Janulewicz, G. Priebe, and P. V. Nickles, Phys. Rev. E 72, 037401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Weith, A.

Wolfrum, E.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, Phys. Rev. A 59, R47 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, Phys. Rev. A 59, R47 (1999).
[CrossRef]

At. Data Nucl. Data Tables (1)

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54, 181 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, K. Cassou, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, G. Jamelot, D. Joyeux, and D. Phalippou, Europhys. Lett. 74, 823 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berril, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, Phys. Rev. A 72, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Smith, G. J. Tallents, J. Zhang, G. Eker, S. McCabe, G. J. Pert, and E. Wolfrum, Phys. Rev. A 59, R47 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Pert, Phys. Rev. A 73, 033809 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

J. Tümmler, K. A. Janulewicz, G. Priebe, and P. V. Nickles, Phys. Rev. E 72, 037401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic view of the GRIP scheme. (b) Experimental setup showing the pump laser beamlines and SXRL diagnostics.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Mean SXRL fluence (solid curve), distance to the target surface of the emission peak of the SXRL (dashed curve). Each data point is an average over 10 to 20 shots.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

LP–SP delay effect at Φ = 19 ° . Left scale, integrated energy and mean fluence, right scale, SXRL FWHM vertical and horizontal widths.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Near field images, Φ = 19 ° : (a) PP–LP delay, 1.3 ns ; (b) doubled energy in the PP and PP–LP delay, 2.4 ns .

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