Abstract

We fabricate and characterize polymeric three-dimensional layer-by-layer chiral photonic crystals. The obtained circular dichroism from polarization stop bands is comparable with that of recently demonstrated circular–spiral photonic crystals. Moreover, telecommunication wavelengths are easily accessible with the layer-by-layer approach; even visible wavelengths are in reach.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Lee and C. T. Chan, Opt. Express 13, 8083 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. P. C. P. Hrudey, B. Szeto, and M. J. Brett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251106 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Thiel, M. Decker, M. Deubel, M. Wegener, S. Linden, and G. von Freymann, Adv. Mater. 19, 207 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Papakostas, A. Potts, D. M. Bagnall, S. L. Prosvirnin, H. J. Coles, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 107404 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 227401 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Decker, M. W. Klein, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, Opt. Lett. 32, 856 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, and Y. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 223113 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. K. Pang, J. C. W. Lee, H. F. Lee, W. Y. Tam, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, Opt. Express 13, 7615 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K.-M. Ho, C. T. Chan, C. M. Soukoulis, R. Biswas, and M. Sigalas, Solid State Commun. 89, 413 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. C. W. Lee and C. T. Chan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051912 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. de Vries, Acta Crystallogr. 4, 219 (1951).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. M. Whittaker and I. S. Culshaw, Phys. Rev. B 60, 2610 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. G. Tikhodeev, A. L. Yablonskii, E. A. Muljarov, N. A. Gippius, and T. Ishihara, Phys. Rev. B 66, 045102 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Kawata, H.-B. Sun, T. Tanaka, and K. Takada, Nature 412, 697 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Deubel, G. von Freymann, M. Wegener, S. Pereira, K. Busch, and C. M. Soukoulis, Nat. Mater. 3, 444 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. G. Shvets, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141127 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2007

M. Thiel, M. Decker, M. Deubel, M. Wegener, S. Linden, and G. von Freymann, Adv. Mater. 19, 207 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Decker, M. W. Klein, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, Opt. Lett. 32, 856 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, and Y. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 223113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. C. W. Lee and C. T. Chan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051912 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. C. P. Hrudey, B. Szeto, and M. J. Brett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Shvets, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

M. Deubel, G. von Freymann, M. Wegener, S. Pereira, K. Busch, and C. M. Soukoulis, Nat. Mater. 3, 444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

A. Papakostas, A. Potts, D. M. Bagnall, S. L. Prosvirnin, H. J. Coles, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 107404 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

S. G. Tikhodeev, A. L. Yablonskii, E. A. Muljarov, N. A. Gippius, and T. Ishihara, Phys. Rev. B 66, 045102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

S. Kawata, H.-B. Sun, T. Tanaka, and K. Takada, Nature 412, 697 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

D. M. Whittaker and I. S. Culshaw, Phys. Rev. B 60, 2610 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994

K.-M. Ho, C. T. Chan, C. M. Soukoulis, R. Biswas, and M. Sigalas, Solid State Commun. 89, 413 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1951

H. de Vries, Acta Crystallogr. 4, 219 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Acta Crystallogr.

H. de Vries, Acta Crystallogr. 4, 219 (1951).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

M. Thiel, M. Decker, M. Deubel, M. Wegener, S. Linden, and G. von Freymann, Adv. Mater. 19, 207 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

P. C. P. Hrudey, B. Szeto, and M. J. Brett, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 251106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, and Y. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 223113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. C. W. Lee and C. T. Chan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051912 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Shvets, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater.

M. Deubel, G. von Freymann, M. Wegener, S. Pereira, K. Busch, and C. M. Soukoulis, Nat. Mater. 3, 444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature

S. Kawata, H.-B. Sun, T. Tanaka, and K. Takada, Nature 412, 697 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

D. M. Whittaker and I. S. Culshaw, Phys. Rev. B 60, 2610 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Tikhodeev, A. L. Yablonskii, E. A. Muljarov, N. A. Gippius, and T. Ishihara, Phys. Rev. B 66, 045102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. Papakostas, A. Potts, D. M. Bagnall, S. L. Prosvirnin, H. J. Coles, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 107404 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 227401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Rogacheva, V. A. Fedotov, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solid State Commun.

K.-M. Ho, C. T. Chan, C. M. Soukoulis, R. Biswas, and M. Sigalas, Solid State Commun. 89, 413 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of the chiral layer-by-layer photonic crystal structure for N = 3 . (a) Top view, (b) side view. The geometrical parameters are: a = 1.2 μ m , c = 1.32 μ m , 2 r x = 300 nm , and 15 layers (five lattice constants).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated normal-incidence linear-optical transmittance spectra for circular incident polarization. (a) Left-handed structure with the parameters given in Fig. 1 but with 24 layers (i.e., eight lattice constants); (b) right-handed structure for LCP incident light (solid) and RCP incident light (dashed).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Electron micrographs of fabricated structures with the parameters given in Fig. 1 but with 24 layers. (a) Oblique view of a complete structure with an open aperture of 60 μ m diameter. (b) and (c) are top-view magnifications of left-handed and right-handed structures, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured normal-incidence transmittance spectra for circular incident polarization, represented as the corresponding calculated spectra shown in Fig. 2.

Metrics