Abstract

We show that interfering surface plasmon polaritons can be excited with a focused laser beam at normal incidence to a plane metal film. No protrusions or holes are needed in this excitation scheme. Depending on the axial position of the focus, the intensity distribution on the metal surface is either dominated by interferences between counterpropagating plasmons or by a two-lobe pattern characteristic of localized surface plasmon excitation. Our experiments can be accurately explained by use of the angular spectrum representation and provide a simple means for locally exciting standing surface plasmon polaritons.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2007

T. Rindzevicius, Y. Alaverdyan, B. Sepulveda, T. Pakizeh, M. Käll, R. Hillenbrand, J. Aizpurua, and F. J. G. de Abajo, J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 1207 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

A. Bouhelier and G. P. Wiederrecht, Phys. Rev. B 71, 195406 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. D. Stefani, K. Vasilev, N. S. N. Bocchio, and M. Kreiter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 023005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Gao, J. Henzie, and T. W. Odom, Nano Lett. 6, 2104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, M. R. U. Kreibig, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, Science 308, 1607 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bouhelier, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, S. Kostcheev, P. Royer, and G. P. Wiederrecht, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 267405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S.-H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

A. Hartschuh, E. J. Sánchez, X. S. Xie, and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 095503 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. McFarland and R. P. V. Duyne, Nano Lett. 3, 1057 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

A. Bouhelier, T. Huser, H. Tamaru, H.-J. Güntherodt, D. W. Pohl, F. I. Baida, and D. V. Labeke, Phys. Rev. B 63, 155404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Weeber, J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, B. Lamprecht, Y. Lacroute, and J. P. Goudonnet, Phys. Rev. B 64, 045411 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. B 85, 3966 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

S. Bozhevolnyi and F. Pudin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2923 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1889 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994

P. Dawson, F. de Fornel, and J.-P. Goudonnet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2927 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Ditlbacher, J. R. Krenn, G. Schider, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1762 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S.-H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown, and C. W. Kimball, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. Chem. C

T. Rindzevicius, Y. Alaverdyan, B. Sepulveda, T. Pakizeh, M. Käll, R. Hillenbrand, J. Aizpurua, and F. J. G. de Abajo, J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 1207 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

H. Gao, J. Henzie, and T. W. Odom, Nano Lett. 6, 2104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. D. McFarland and R. P. V. Duyne, Nano Lett. 3, 1057 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. B 85, 3966 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Bouhelier, T. Huser, H. Tamaru, H.-J. Güntherodt, D. W. Pohl, F. I. Baida, and D. V. Labeke, Phys. Rev. B 63, 155404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Bouhelier and G. P. Wiederrecht, Phys. Rev. B 71, 195406 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Weeber, J. R. Krenn, A. Dereux, B. Lamprecht, Y. Lacroute, and J. P. Goudonnet, Phys. Rev. B 64, 045411 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

F. D. Stefani, K. Vasilev, N. S. N. Bocchio, and M. Kreiter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 023005 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dawson, F. de Fornel, and J.-P. Goudonnet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 2927 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Bozhevolnyi and F. Pudin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2923 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, M. R. U. Kreibig, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 046802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Hartschuh, E. J. Sánchez, X. S. Xie, and L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 095503 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bouhelier, R. Bachelot, G. Lerondel, S. Kostcheev, P. Royer, and G. P. Wiederrecht, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 267405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1889 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, Science 308, 1607 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Principles of Nano-optics (Cambridge U. Press, 2006).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of the experiment for three different focal positions z o . (b) and (c) Intensity maps of the focal region for an Ag/air interface and a glass/air interface with cross-sectional cuts taken through the focus. Insets: calculated maps.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) ( x , z o ) image showing the surface plasmon intensity along the same line for different focal positions z o . (b), (c) ( x , y ) -transverse intensity maps for selected z o . (d) Calculated E z 2 map along the ( x , z o ) plane. (e), (f) Calculated ( x , y ) maps for z o = 2 μ m and z o = 1 μ m .

Equations (1)

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E z ( ρ , ϕ ) cos ϕ 0 N A d s exp [ i k o z o ( n 2 s 2 ) 1 2 ] × exp [ ( s N A f o ) 2 ] s 2 t p ( s ) [ n 2 s 2 ] 1 4 J 1 ( s k o ρ ) .

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