Abstract

We present a photosensitive three-hole microstructured optical fiber specifically designed to improve the refractive index sensitivity of a standard fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor photowritten in the suspended Ge-doped silica core. We describe the specific photowriting procedure used to realize gratings in such a fiber. We then determine their spectral sensitivity to the refractive index changes of material filling the holes surrounding the core. The sensitivity is compared with that of standard FBGs photowritten in a six-hole fiber with a larger core diameter. We demonstrate an improvement in the sensitivity by two orders of magnitude and reach a resolution of 3×105 and 6×106 around mean refractive index values of 1.33 and 1.40, respectively.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. G. R. Broderick, T. M. Monro, P. J. Bennet, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 24, 1395 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 674 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Pagnoux, S. Février, P. Leproux, M. C. Phan Huy, A. Pryamikov, P. Viale, V. Tombelaine, V. Couderc, P. Roy, J. L. Auguste, J. M. Blondy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, B. Dussardier, and W. Blanc, in Proc. SPIE 5855, 130 (2005).
  4. G. Laffont and P. Ferdinand, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 765 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. X. Chen, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 864 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. C. Phan Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J.-M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Zhu, H. Du, and R. Bise, Opt. Express 14, 3541 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. V. Beugin, V. Pureur, L. Provino, L. Bigot, G. Mélin, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, and L. Gasca, in 24èmes Journées d'Optique Guidée (Société Français d'Optique, 2005), pp. 292-294.
  9. G. Laffont, N. Roussel, L. Maurin, J. Boussoir, B. Clogenson, L. Auger, S. Magne, and P. Ferdinand, Proc. SPIE 5855, 341 (2005).
  10. M. C. Phan Huy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter, P. Ferdinand, L. Labonté, D. Pagnoux, P. Roy, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Opt. Express 14, 10359 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

M. C. Phan Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J.-M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhu, H. Du, and R. Bise, Opt. Express 14, 3541 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Phan Huy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter, P. Ferdinand, L. Labonté, D. Pagnoux, P. Roy, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Opt. Express 14, 10359 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

X. Chen, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 864 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001

G. Laffont and P. Ferdinand, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 765 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 674 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. G. R. Broderick, T. M. Monro, P. J. Bennet, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Lett. 24, 1395 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Auger, L.

G. Laffont, N. Roussel, L. Maurin, J. Boussoir, B. Clogenson, L. Auger, S. Magne, and P. Ferdinand, Proc. SPIE 5855, 341 (2005).

Auguste, J. L.

D. Pagnoux, S. Février, P. Leproux, M. C. Phan Huy, A. Pryamikov, P. Viale, V. Tombelaine, V. Couderc, P. Roy, J. L. Auguste, J. M. Blondy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, B. Dussardier, and W. Blanc, in Proc. SPIE 5855, 130 (2005).

Bennet, P. J.

Bennion, I.

X. Chen, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 864 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Beugin, V.

V. Beugin, V. Pureur, L. Provino, L. Bigot, G. Mélin, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, and L. Gasca, in 24èmes Journées d'Optique Guidée (Société Français d'Optique, 2005), pp. 292-294.

Bigot, L.

V. Beugin, V. Pureur, L. Provino, L. Bigot, G. Mélin, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, and L. Gasca, in 24èmes Journées d'Optique Guidée (Société Français d'Optique, 2005), pp. 292-294.

Birks, T. A.

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 674 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bise, R.

Blanc, W.

M. C. Phan Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J.-M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Phan Huy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter, P. Ferdinand, L. Labonté, D. Pagnoux, P. Roy, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Opt. Express 14, 10359 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Pagnoux, S. Février, P. Leproux, M. C. Phan Huy, A. Pryamikov, P. Viale, V. Tombelaine, V. Couderc, P. Roy, J. L. Auguste, J. M. Blondy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, B. Dussardier, and W. Blanc, in Proc. SPIE 5855, 130 (2005).

Blondy, J. M.

D. Pagnoux, S. Février, P. Leproux, M. C. Phan Huy, A. Pryamikov, P. Viale, V. Tombelaine, V. Couderc, P. Roy, J. L. Auguste, J. M. Blondy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, B. Dussardier, and W. Blanc, in Proc. SPIE 5855, 130 (2005).

Blondy, J.-M.

M. C. Phan Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J.-M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boussoir, J.

G. Laffont, N. Roussel, L. Maurin, J. Boussoir, B. Clogenson, L. Auger, S. Magne, and P. Ferdinand, Proc. SPIE 5855, 341 (2005).

Broderick, N. G. R.

Chen, X.

X. Chen, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 864 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Clogenson, B.

G. Laffont, N. Roussel, L. Maurin, J. Boussoir, B. Clogenson, L. Auger, S. Magne, and P. Ferdinand, Proc. SPIE 5855, 341 (2005).

Couderc, V.

D. Pagnoux, S. Février, P. Leproux, M. C. Phan Huy, A. Pryamikov, P. Viale, V. Tombelaine, V. Couderc, P. Roy, J. L. Auguste, J. M. Blondy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, B. Dussardier, and W. Blanc, in Proc. SPIE 5855, 130 (2005).

Dewynter, V.

Dewynter-Marty, V.

M. C. Phan Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J.-M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Pagnoux, S. Février, P. Leproux, M. C. Phan Huy, A. Pryamikov, P. Viale, V. Tombelaine, V. Couderc, P. Roy, J. L. Auguste, J. M. Blondy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, B. Dussardier, and W. Blanc, in Proc. SPIE 5855, 130 (2005).

Du, H.

Dussardier, B.

M. C. Phan Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J.-M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Phan Huy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter, P. Ferdinand, L. Labonté, D. Pagnoux, P. Roy, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Opt. Express 14, 10359 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Pagnoux, S. Février, P. Leproux, M. C. Phan Huy, A. Pryamikov, P. Viale, V. Tombelaine, V. Couderc, P. Roy, J. L. Auguste, J. M. Blondy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, B. Dussardier, and W. Blanc, in Proc. SPIE 5855, 130 (2005).

Ferdinand, P.

M. C. Phan Huy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter, P. Ferdinand, L. Labonté, D. Pagnoux, P. Roy, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Opt. Express 14, 10359 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Phan Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J.-M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Laffont and P. Ferdinand, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 765 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Pagnoux, S. Février, P. Leproux, M. C. Phan Huy, A. Pryamikov, P. Viale, V. Tombelaine, V. Couderc, P. Roy, J. L. Auguste, J. M. Blondy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, B. Dussardier, and W. Blanc, in Proc. SPIE 5855, 130 (2005).

G. Laffont, N. Roussel, L. Maurin, J. Boussoir, B. Clogenson, L. Auger, S. Magne, and P. Ferdinand, Proc. SPIE 5855, 341 (2005).

Février, S.

D. Pagnoux, S. Février, P. Leproux, M. C. Phan Huy, A. Pryamikov, P. Viale, V. Tombelaine, V. Couderc, P. Roy, J. L. Auguste, J. M. Blondy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, B. Dussardier, and W. Blanc, in Proc. SPIE 5855, 130 (2005).

Fleureau, A.

V. Beugin, V. Pureur, L. Provino, L. Bigot, G. Mélin, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, and L. Gasca, in 24èmes Journées d'Optique Guidée (Société Français d'Optique, 2005), pp. 292-294.

Frignac, Y.

M. C. Phan Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J.-M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gasca, L.

V. Beugin, V. Pureur, L. Provino, L. Bigot, G. Mélin, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, and L. Gasca, in 24èmes Journées d'Optique Guidée (Société Français d'Optique, 2005), pp. 292-294.

Knight, J. C.

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 674 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Labonté, L.

Laffont, G.

M. C. Phan Huy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter, P. Ferdinand, L. Labonté, D. Pagnoux, P. Roy, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Opt. Express 14, 10359 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Phan Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J.-M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Laffont and P. Ferdinand, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 765 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Pagnoux, S. Février, P. Leproux, M. C. Phan Huy, A. Pryamikov, P. Viale, V. Tombelaine, V. Couderc, P. Roy, J. L. Auguste, J. M. Blondy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, B. Dussardier, and W. Blanc, in Proc. SPIE 5855, 130 (2005).

G. Laffont, N. Roussel, L. Maurin, J. Boussoir, B. Clogenson, L. Auger, S. Magne, and P. Ferdinand, Proc. SPIE 5855, 341 (2005).

Lempereur, S.

V. Beugin, V. Pureur, L. Provino, L. Bigot, G. Mélin, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, and L. Gasca, in 24èmes Journées d'Optique Guidée (Société Français d'Optique, 2005), pp. 292-294.

Leproux, P.

D. Pagnoux, S. Février, P. Leproux, M. C. Phan Huy, A. Pryamikov, P. Viale, V. Tombelaine, V. Couderc, P. Roy, J. L. Auguste, J. M. Blondy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, B. Dussardier, and W. Blanc, in Proc. SPIE 5855, 130 (2005).

Magne, S.

G. Laffont, N. Roussel, L. Maurin, J. Boussoir, B. Clogenson, L. Auger, S. Magne, and P. Ferdinand, Proc. SPIE 5855, 341 (2005).

Maurin, L.

G. Laffont, N. Roussel, L. Maurin, J. Boussoir, B. Clogenson, L. Auger, S. Magne, and P. Ferdinand, Proc. SPIE 5855, 341 (2005).

Mélin, G.

V. Beugin, V. Pureur, L. Provino, L. Bigot, G. Mélin, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, and L. Gasca, in 24èmes Journées d'Optique Guidée (Société Français d'Optique, 2005), pp. 292-294.

Mogilevtsev, D.

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 674 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Monro, T. M.

Pagnoux, D.

M. C. Phan Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J.-M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Phan Huy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter, P. Ferdinand, L. Labonté, D. Pagnoux, P. Roy, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Opt. Express 14, 10359 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Pagnoux, S. Février, P. Leproux, M. C. Phan Huy, A. Pryamikov, P. Viale, V. Tombelaine, V. Couderc, P. Roy, J. L. Auguste, J. M. Blondy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, B. Dussardier, and W. Blanc, in Proc. SPIE 5855, 130 (2005).

Phan Huy, M. C.

M. C. Phan Huy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter, P. Ferdinand, L. Labonté, D. Pagnoux, P. Roy, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Opt. Express 14, 10359 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Phan Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J.-M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Pagnoux, S. Février, P. Leproux, M. C. Phan Huy, A. Pryamikov, P. Viale, V. Tombelaine, V. Couderc, P. Roy, J. L. Auguste, J. M. Blondy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, B. Dussardier, and W. Blanc, in Proc. SPIE 5855, 130 (2005).

Provino, L.

V. Beugin, V. Pureur, L. Provino, L. Bigot, G. Mélin, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, and L. Gasca, in 24èmes Journées d'Optique Guidée (Société Français d'Optique, 2005), pp. 292-294.

Pryamikov, A.

D. Pagnoux, S. Février, P. Leproux, M. C. Phan Huy, A. Pryamikov, P. Viale, V. Tombelaine, V. Couderc, P. Roy, J. L. Auguste, J. M. Blondy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, B. Dussardier, and W. Blanc, in Proc. SPIE 5855, 130 (2005).

Pureur, V.

V. Beugin, V. Pureur, L. Provino, L. Bigot, G. Mélin, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, and L. Gasca, in 24èmes Journées d'Optique Guidée (Société Français d'Optique, 2005), pp. 292-294.

Richardson, D. J.

Roussel, N.

G. Laffont, N. Roussel, L. Maurin, J. Boussoir, B. Clogenson, L. Auger, S. Magne, and P. Ferdinand, Proc. SPIE 5855, 341 (2005).

Roy, P.

M. C. Phan Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J.-M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Phan Huy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter, P. Ferdinand, L. Labonté, D. Pagnoux, P. Roy, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Opt. Express 14, 10359 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Pagnoux, S. Février, P. Leproux, M. C. Phan Huy, A. Pryamikov, P. Viale, V. Tombelaine, V. Couderc, P. Roy, J. L. Auguste, J. M. Blondy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, B. Dussardier, and W. Blanc, in Proc. SPIE 5855, 130 (2005).

Russell, P. J.

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 674 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tombelaine, V.

D. Pagnoux, S. Février, P. Leproux, M. C. Phan Huy, A. Pryamikov, P. Viale, V. Tombelaine, V. Couderc, P. Roy, J. L. Auguste, J. M. Blondy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, B. Dussardier, and W. Blanc, in Proc. SPIE 5855, 130 (2005).

Viale, P.

D. Pagnoux, S. Février, P. Leproux, M. C. Phan Huy, A. Pryamikov, P. Viale, V. Tombelaine, V. Couderc, P. Roy, J. L. Auguste, J. M. Blondy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, B. Dussardier, and W. Blanc, in Proc. SPIE 5855, 130 (2005).

Zhang, L.

X. Chen, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 864 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, K.

X. Chen, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 864 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

X. Chen, K. Zhou, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 864 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 674 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol.

G. Laffont and P. Ferdinand, Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 765 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Phan Huy, G. Laffont, Y. Frignac, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, P. Roy, J.-M. Blondy, D. Pagnoux, W. Blanc, and B. Dussardier, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 992 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

D. Pagnoux, S. Février, P. Leproux, M. C. Phan Huy, A. Pryamikov, P. Viale, V. Tombelaine, V. Couderc, P. Roy, J. L. Auguste, J. M. Blondy, G. Laffont, V. Dewynter-Marty, P. Ferdinand, B. Dussardier, and W. Blanc, in Proc. SPIE 5855, 130 (2005).

V. Beugin, V. Pureur, L. Provino, L. Bigot, G. Mélin, A. Fleureau, S. Lempereur, and L. Gasca, in 24èmes Journées d'Optique Guidée (Société Français d'Optique, 2005), pp. 292-294.

G. Laffont, N. Roussel, L. Maurin, J. Boussoir, B. Clogenson, L. Auger, S. Magne, and P. Ferdinand, Proc. SPIE 5855, 341 (2005).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Microscope image of the manufactured SWF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission spectrum of FBG photowritten in the three-hole fiber over a spectral window of 50 nm , showing spectral resonances toward high-order modes. The inset shows a zoom on the Bragg wavelength itself.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Wavelength shift of the Bragg resonance versus the refractive index of the index liquid for the six-hole (star) and for the three-hole (triangle) photosensitive microstructured fiber.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Refractive Index Resolution Obtained for the SWF and the Six-Hole Fiber

Metrics