Abstract

We report a high-power diode-pumped wavelength-tunable (2.72.83μm) erbium-doped ZBLAN mid-infrared fiber laser. Continuous-wave output of >2W with a spectral linewidth of 1.27GHz was obtained. Nevertheless, the wavelength-tunable range was found to shrink with increasing pump power. The gain bandwidth narrowing under strong pumping may be ascribed to the enhanced reabsorption process and the weakened population inversion associated with shorter-wavelength emissions.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. Werle, F. Slemr, K. Maurer, R. Kormann, R. Mucke, and B. Janker, Opt. Lasers Eng. 37, 104 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. D. Jackson and A. Lauto, Lasers Surg. Med. 30, 184 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. W. Benedict, M. Pollack, and W. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 108 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Auzel, D. Meichenin, and H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 24, 909 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Bedo, M. Pollnau, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, Opt. Commun. 116, 81 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Y. Allan, M. Monerie, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 27, 445 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Pollnau and S. D. Jackson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 162 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. Srinivasan, E. Poppe, J. Tafoya, and R. K. Jain, Electron. Lett. 35, 1338 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. Srinivasan, J. Tafoya, and R. K. Jain, Opt. Express 4, 490 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, Opt. Lett. 24, 1133 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Sandrock, D. Fischer, P. Glas, M. Leitner, and M. Wrage, Opt. Lett. 24, 1284 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. X. Zhu and R. Jain, in IEEE/LEOS 2004 (IEEE, 2004), paper ThP5.
  14. P. S. Golding, S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, Phys. Rev. B 62, 856 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. X. Zhu and R. Jain, Appl. Opt. 45, 7118 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. X. Zhu and R. Jain, Opt. Lett. 32, 26 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Y. D. Huang, M. Mortier, and F. Auzel, Opt. Mater. 17, 501 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  18. N. J. C. Libatique, J. Tafoya, N. K. Viswanathan, R. K. Jain, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 36, 791 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2002 (3)

P. Werle, F. Slemr, K. Maurer, R. Kormann, R. Mucke, and B. Janker, Opt. Lasers Eng. 37, 104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson and A. Lauto, Lasers Surg. Med. 30, 184 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pollnau and S. D. Jackson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 162 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

Y. D. Huang, M. Mortier, and F. Auzel, Opt. Mater. 17, 501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

N. J. C. Libatique, J. Tafoya, N. K. Viswanathan, R. K. Jain, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 36, 791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Golding, S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, Phys. Rev. B 62, 856 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

1995 (2)

S. Bedo, M. Pollnau, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, Opt. Commun. 116, 81 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

J. Y. Allan, M. Monerie, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 27, 445 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

F. Auzel, D. Meichenin, and H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 24, 909 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

W. Benedict, M. Pollack, and W. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 108 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Allan, J. Y.

J. Y. Allan, M. Monerie, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 27, 445 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Auzel, F.

Y. D. Huang, M. Mortier, and F. Auzel, Opt. Mater. 17, 501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Auzel, D. Meichenin, and H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 24, 909 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bedo, S.

S. Bedo, M. Pollnau, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, Opt. Commun. 116, 81 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Benedict, W.

W. Benedict, M. Pollack, and W. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 108 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Bunea, G.

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bunea, M.

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cable, A.

N. J. C. Libatique, J. Tafoya, N. K. Viswanathan, R. K. Jain, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 36, 791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, D.

Ghisler, Ch.

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Glas, P.

Golding, P. S.

P. S. Golding, S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, Phys. Rev. B 62, 856 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. D.

Y. D. Huang, M. Mortier, and F. Auzel, Opt. Mater. 17, 501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, S. D.

M. Pollnau and S. D. Jackson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 162 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson and A. Lauto, Lasers Surg. Med. 30, 184 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. S. Golding, S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, Phys. Rev. B 62, 856 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, Opt. Lett. 24, 1133 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jain, R.

Jain, R. K.

N. J. C. Libatique, J. Tafoya, N. K. Viswanathan, R. K. Jain, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 36, 791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Srinivasan, J. Tafoya, and R. K. Jain, Opt. Express 4, 490 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Srinivasan, E. Poppe, J. Tafoya, and R. K. Jain, Electron. Lett. 35, 1338 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Janker, B.

P. Werle, F. Slemr, K. Maurer, R. Kormann, R. Mucke, and B. Janker, Opt. Lasers Eng. 37, 104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

King, T. A.

P. S. Golding, S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, Phys. Rev. B 62, 856 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, Opt. Lett. 24, 1133 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kormann, R.

P. Werle, F. Slemr, K. Maurer, R. Kormann, R. Mucke, and B. Janker, Opt. Lasers Eng. 37, 104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lauto, A.

S. D. Jackson and A. Lauto, Lasers Surg. Med. 30, 184 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leitner, M.

Libatique, N. J. C.

N. J. C. Libatique, J. Tafoya, N. K. Viswanathan, R. K. Jain, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 36, 791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Luthy, W.

S. Bedo, M. Pollnau, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, Opt. Commun. 116, 81 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Maurer, K.

P. Werle, F. Slemr, K. Maurer, R. Kormann, R. Mucke, and B. Janker, Opt. Lasers Eng. 37, 104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Meichenin, D.

F. Auzel, D. Meichenin, and H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 24, 909 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Monerie, M.

J. Y. Allan, M. Monerie, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 27, 445 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mortier, M.

Y. D. Huang, M. Mortier, and F. Auzel, Opt. Mater. 17, 501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mucke, R.

P. Werle, F. Slemr, K. Maurer, R. Kormann, R. Mucke, and B. Janker, Opt. Lasers Eng. 37, 104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Poigant, H.

J. Y. Allan, M. Monerie, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 27, 445 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Poignant, H.

F. Auzel, D. Meichenin, and H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 24, 909 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Pollack, M.

W. Benedict, M. Pollack, and W. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 108 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Pollnau, M.

M. Pollnau and S. D. Jackson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 162 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Golding, S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, Phys. Rev. B 62, 856 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, Opt. Lett. 24, 1133 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Bedo, M. Pollnau, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, Opt. Commun. 116, 81 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Poppe, E.

B. Srinivasan, E. Poppe, J. Tafoya, and R. K. Jain, Electron. Lett. 35, 1338 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sandrock, T.

Slemr, F.

P. Werle, F. Slemr, K. Maurer, R. Kormann, R. Mucke, and B. Janker, Opt. Lasers Eng. 37, 104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Srinivasan, B.

B. Srinivasan, J. Tafoya, and R. K. Jain, Opt. Express 4, 490 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Srinivasan, E. Poppe, J. Tafoya, and R. K. Jain, Electron. Lett. 35, 1338 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tafoya, J.

N. J. C. Libatique, J. Tafoya, N. K. Viswanathan, R. K. Jain, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 36, 791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Srinivasan, J. Tafoya, and R. K. Jain, Opt. Express 4, 490 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Srinivasan, E. Poppe, J. Tafoya, and R. K. Jain, Electron. Lett. 35, 1338 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tomlinson, W.

W. Benedict, M. Pollack, and W. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 108 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Viswanathan, N. K.

N. J. C. Libatique, J. Tafoya, N. K. Viswanathan, R. K. Jain, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 36, 791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H. P.

S. Bedo, M. Pollnau, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, Opt. Commun. 116, 81 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Werle, P.

P. Werle, F. Slemr, K. Maurer, R. Kormann, R. Mucke, and B. Janker, Opt. Lasers Eng. 37, 104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wrage, M.

Zhu, X.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Pollnau, Ch. Ghisler, G. Bunea, M. Bunea, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3564 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (4)

J. Y. Allan, M. Monerie, and H. Poigant, Electron. Lett. 27, 445 (1991).
[CrossRef]

N. J. C. Libatique, J. Tafoya, N. K. Viswanathan, R. K. Jain, and A. Cable, Electron. Lett. 36, 791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Auzel, D. Meichenin, and H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 24, 909 (1988).
[CrossRef]

B. Srinivasan, E. Poppe, J. Tafoya, and R. K. Jain, Electron. Lett. 35, 1338 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. Pollnau and S. D. Jackson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 162 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Benedict, M. Pollack, and W. Tomlinson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 108 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Lasers Surg. Med. (1)

S. D. Jackson and A. Lauto, Lasers Surg. Med. 30, 184 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Bedo, M. Pollnau, W. Luthy, and H. P. Weber, Opt. Commun. 116, 81 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lasers Eng. (1)

P. Werle, F. Slemr, K. Maurer, R. Kormann, R. Mucke, and B. Janker, Opt. Lasers Eng. 37, 104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. (1)

Y. D. Huang, M. Mortier, and F. Auzel, Opt. Mater. 17, 501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

P. S. Golding, S. D. Jackson, T. A. King, and M. Pollnau, Phys. Rev. B 62, 856 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

X. Zhu and R. Jain, in IEEE/LEOS 2004 (IEEE, 2004), paper ThP5.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Partial energy-level scheme of Er indicating the ETU processes ( R ETU1 > R ETU2 ) to deplete the population in I 13 2 4 level and solve the population bottleneck.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for watt-level diode-pumped wavelength-tunable Er:ZBLAN fiber lasers.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Tuning curves for diode-pumped Er:ZBLAN fiber lasers at low pump powers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Tuning curves for diode-pumped Er:ZBLAN fiber lasers at high pump powers.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output linewidth of the wavelength-tunable Er:ZBLAN fiber laser measured by a home-made Fabry–Perot interferometer.

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