Abstract

We propose a novel air-guiding photonic bandgap fiber based on a square lattice cladding. The fiber presents a 20% wider bandgap than is achievable with a conventional triangular-lattice-based cladding and with the choice of a nine-cell core can be effectively single moded at all wavelengths within the bandgap.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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2006 (2)

2005 (3)

M. J. F. Digonnet, H. K. Kim, G. S. Kino, and S. Fan, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 4169 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, T. Ritari, P. Szarniak, W. Saj, I. Kujawa, H. Ludvigsen, and R. Stepien, Proc. SPIE 5950, 595015 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Heinberger and S. Watanabe, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 70 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (5)

2003 (1)

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, Electron. Lett. 31, 1941 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

Allan, D. C.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Amezcua-Correa, R.

Atkin, D. M.

T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, Electron. Lett. 31, 1941 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Barkou, S. E.

Benabid, F.

Birks, T. A.

T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, Electron. Lett. 31, 1941 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bjarklev, A.

Borrelli, N. F.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Broderick, N. G. R.

Broeng, J.

Buczynski, R.

R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, T. Ritari, P. Szarniak, W. Saj, I. Kujawa, H. Ludvigsen, and R. Stepien, Proc. SPIE 5950, 595015 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, M.-Y.

M.-Y. Chen and R.-J. Yu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 819 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M.-Y. Chen and R. Yu, Opt. Commun. 235, 63 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Couny, F.

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Fan, S.

Gallagher, M. T.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heinberger, R.

R. Heinberger and S. Watanabe, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 70 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. K.

Kino, G. S.

Koch, K. W.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koshiba, M.

Kujawa, I.

R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, T. Ritari, P. Szarniak, W. Saj, I. Kujawa, H. Ludvigsen, and R. Stepien, Proc. SPIE 5950, 595015 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Light, P. S.

Ludvigsen, H.

R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, T. Ritari, P. Szarniak, W. Saj, I. Kujawa, H. Ludvigsen, and R. Stepien, Proc. SPIE 5950, 595015 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mortensen, N.

Mortensen, N. A.

Muller, D.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nielsen, M. D.

Petrovich, M. N.

Poletti, F.

Pysz, D.

R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, T. Ritari, P. Szarniak, W. Saj, I. Kujawa, H. Ludvigsen, and R. Stepien, Proc. SPIE 5950, 595015 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Ritari, T.

R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, T. Ritari, P. Szarniak, W. Saj, I. Kujawa, H. Ludvigsen, and R. Stepien, Proc. SPIE 5950, 595015 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, P. J.

T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, Electron. Lett. 31, 1941 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, Electron. Lett. 31, 1941 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Saitoh, K.

Saj, W.

R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, T. Ritari, P. Szarniak, W. Saj, I. Kujawa, H. Ludvigsen, and R. Stepien, Proc. SPIE 5950, 595015 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shepherd, T. J.

T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, Electron. Lett. 31, 1941 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shin, J.

Smith, C. M.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stepien, R.

R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, T. Ritari, P. Szarniak, W. Saj, I. Kujawa, H. Ludvigsen, and R. Stepien, Proc. SPIE 5950, 595015 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Szarniak, P.

R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, T. Ritari, P. Szarniak, W. Saj, I. Kujawa, H. Ludvigsen, and R. Stepien, Proc. SPIE 5950, 595015 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Venkataraman, N.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watanabe, S.

R. Heinberger and S. Watanabe, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 70 (2005).
[CrossRef]

West, J. A.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, R.

M.-Y. Chen and R. Yu, Opt. Commun. 235, 63 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yu, R.-J.

M.-Y. Chen and R.-J. Yu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 819 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. A. Birks, P. J. Roberts, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, and T. J. Shepherd, Electron. Lett. 31, 1941 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

M.-Y. Chen and R.-J. Yu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 819 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Heinberger and S. Watanabe, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 70 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nature (1)

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Muller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M.-Y. Chen and R. Yu, Opt. Commun. 235, 63 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, T. Ritari, P. Szarniak, W. Saj, I. Kujawa, H. Ludvigsen, and R. Stepien, Proc. SPIE 5950, 595015 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Relative bandgap width along the air line: comparison between SL (solid curves) and TL (dashed curves) for three values of d Λ .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Bandgap dependence on the hole curvature r 1 for holes with d Λ = 0.98 .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

2 dB contours of the FM of fibers with d Λ = 0.98 , r 1 ( d 2 ) = 0.4 , λ = 1.55 μ m , and (a) SL cladding, nine-cell core, and Λ λ = 1.8 ; (b) TL cladding, seven-cell core, and Λ λ = 2.8 . In both cases the maximum of the Poynting vector in the satellite peaks surrounding the core is 10 dB below the value in the central peak.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Gap map of the periodic cladding (gray area) and effective index of the air-guided modes for a SL PBGF with Λ = 2.8 μ m , d Λ = 0.98 , r 1 = 0.4 × d 2 , and a nine-cell core; (b) confinement loss of FM and HOM of a fiber with eight rings of holes.

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