Abstract

A simple method for generating trains of high-contrast femtosecond pulses is proposed and demonstrated: a linearly polarized, frequency-chirped laser pulse is passed through a multiple-order wave plate and a linear polarizer. It is shown theoretically that this arrangement forms a train of laser pulses, and in experiments the production of a train of approximately 100 pulses, each of 200fs duration, is demonstrated. In combination with an acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter this technique could be used to generate and control pulse trains with chirped spacing. Pulse trains of this type have widespread applications in ultrafast optics.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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2007 (2)

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nat. Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, M. Landreman, K. O'Keefe, T. Robinson, and S. M. Hooker, Appl. Opt. 46, 5142 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

D. Umstadter, E. Esarey, and J. Kim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1224 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, and K. A. Nelson, Science 247, 1317 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

1986 (1)

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, 1986).

Cohen, O.

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nat. Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dromey, B.

Esarey, E.

D. Umstadter, E. Esarey, and J. Kim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1224 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heritage, J. P.

Hooker, S. M.

Huignard, J. P.

Kapteyn, H. C.

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nat. Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

D. Umstadter, E. Esarey, and J. Kim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1224 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kirschner, E. M.

Kruger, E.

Landreman, M.

Laude, V.

Leaird, D. E.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, and K. A. Nelson, Science 247, 1317 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

Lytle, A. L.

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nat. Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[Crossref]

Migus, A.

Murnane, M. M.

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nat. Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nelson, K. A.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, and K. A. Nelson, Science 247, 1317 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O'Keefe, K.

Park, S. G.

Popmintchev, T.

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nat. Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[Crossref]

Robinson, T.

Siders, C. W.

Siders, J. L. W.

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, 1986).

Taylor, A. J.

Tournois, P.

Umstadter, D.

D. Umstadter, E. Esarey, and J. Kim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1224 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Verluise, F.

Weiner, A. M.

Wiederrecht, G. P.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, and K. A. Nelson, Science 247, 1317 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zepf, M.

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nat. Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhou, X.

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nat. Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Nat. Phys. (1)

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, Nat. Phys. 3, 270 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. Umstadter, E. Esarey, and J. Kim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1224 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, and K. A. Nelson, Science 247, 1317 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, 1986).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement used to generate and measure trains of femtosecond pulses. PD, photodiode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Cross-correlation traces obtained with a stretched pulse of 33 ps FWHM duration and multiple-order calcite wave plates of thickness: (a) 0 mm (no crystal), (b) 0.83 mm , (c) 1.65 mm , (d) 3.30 mm , (e) 6.61 mm , (f) 13.22 mm , (g) 26.43 mm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Plot of 1 Δ τ as a function of the thickness of the multiple-order calcite wave plate for stretched pulses of duration 5, 10, 15, and 33 ps .

Equations (7)

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E ( l , t ) = f ( l , t ) exp ( i ω 0 t ) exp [ i ϕ ( l , t ) ] ,
f ( l , t ) = A exp { R [ Γ ( l ) ] ( t β 0 l ) 2 } ,
ϕ ( l , t ) = β 0 l γ ( t β 0 l ) 2 ,
γ = b + 2 β 0 l ( a 2 + b 2 ) ( 1 + 2 β 0 l b ) 2 + ( 2 β 0 l a ) 2 .
E pol 2 f ¯ ( l , t ) exp [ i ϕ ¯ ( l , t ) ] cos [ ϕ o ( l , t ) ϕ e ( l , t ) 2 ] ,
Δ τ = π ( β 0 e γ e β 0 o γ o ) l + ( γ o γ e ) t ,
π b l 1 β 0 e β 0 o ,

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