Abstract

Room-temperature continuous-wave laser action in a novel Tm-doped LiLuF4 crystal emitting at around 1.9μm is demonstrated. The crystal growth process, spectroscopic measurements, and laser performance are presented for different Tm concentrations. An overall tunability extending from 1817to2056nm, a slope efficiency of 46%, and a maximum output power in excess of 1.1W are reported.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. N. Coluccelli, D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 85, 553 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. B. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 925 (1982).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (2)

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galan, and G. Viera, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2494 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Coluccelli, D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 85, 553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

V. Petrov, F. Guell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Sole, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and U. Griebner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Menard, and R. Moncorge, Opt. Commun. 236, 395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 72, 909 (2001).

S. Nicolas, E. Decroix, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korapleva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semashko, Opt. Mater. 16, 233 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Bensalah, K. Shimamura, V. Sudesh, H. Sato, K. Ito, and T. Fukuda, J. Cryst. Growth 223, 539 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. Di Lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. P. Jenssen, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 62, 443 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1982 (1)

B. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 925 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Aguilo, M.

V. Petrov, F. Guell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Sole, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and U. Griebner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Aull, B.

B. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 925 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, N. P.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bensalah, A.

A. Bensalah, K. Shimamura, V. Sudesh, H. Sato, K. Ito, and T. Fukuda, J. Cryst. Growth 223, 539 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Braud, A.

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Menard, and R. Moncorge, Opt. Commun. 236, 395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 72, 909 (2001).

Camy, P.

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Menard, and R. Moncorge, Opt. Commun. 236, 395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cano-Torres, J. M.

Coluccelli, N.

N. Coluccelli, D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 85, 553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cornacchia, F.

N. Coluccelli, D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 85, 553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Decroix, E.

S. Nicolas, E. Decroix, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korapleva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semashko, Opt. Mater. 16, 233 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Di Lieto, A.

A. Di Lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. P. Jenssen, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 62, 443 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Diaz, F.

V. Petrov, F. Guell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Sole, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and U. Griebner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Doualan, J. L.

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Menard, and R. Moncorge, Opt. Commun. 236, 395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 72, 909 (2001).

Esterowitz, L.

Fukuda, T.

A. Bensalah, K. Shimamura, V. Sudesh, H. Sato, K. Ito, and T. Fukuda, J. Cryst. Growth 223, 539 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Galan, M.

Galzerano, G.

N. Coluccelli, D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 85, 553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gatti, D.

N. Coluccelli, D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 85, 553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gavalda, J.

V. Petrov, F. Guell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Sole, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and U. Griebner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Griebner, U.

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galan, and G. Viera, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2494 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, F. Guell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Sole, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and U. Griebner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Guell, F.

V. Petrov, F. Guell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Sole, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and U. Griebner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Guyot, Y.

S. Nicolas, E. Decroix, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korapleva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semashko, Opt. Mater. 16, 233 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ito, K.

A. Bensalah, K. Shimamura, V. Sudesh, H. Sato, K. Ito, and T. Fukuda, J. Cryst. Growth 223, 539 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jenssen, H. P.

A. Di Lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. P. Jenssen, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 62, 443 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 925 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Joubert, M.-F.

S. Nicolas, E. Decroix, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korapleva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semashko, Opt. Mater. 16, 233 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Korapleva, S. L.

S. Nicolas, E. Decroix, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korapleva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semashko, Opt. Mater. 16, 233 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Laporta, P.

N. Coluccelli, D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 85, 553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Massons, J.

V. Petrov, F. Guell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Sole, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and U. Griebner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mateos, X.

Menard, V.

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Menard, and R. Moncorge, Opt. Commun. 236, 395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Minguzzi, P.

A. Di Lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. P. Jenssen, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 62, 443 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Moncorge, R.

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Menard, and R. Moncorge, Opt. Commun. 236, 395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 72, 909 (2001).

Naumov, A. K.

S. Nicolas, E. Decroix, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korapleva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semashko, Opt. Mater. 16, 233 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nicolas, S.

S. Nicolas, E. Decroix, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korapleva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semashko, Opt. Mater. 16, 233 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Parisi, D.

N. Coluccelli, D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 85, 553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Petros, M.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

J. M. Cano-Torres, M. D. Serrano, C. Zaldo, M. Rico, X. Mateos, J. Liu, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, F. J. Valle, M. Galan, and G. Viera, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 2494 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, F. Guell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Sole, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and U. Griebner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Renard, S.

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Menard, and R. Moncorge, Opt. Commun. 236, 395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rico, M.

Sato, H.

A. Bensalah, K. Shimamura, V. Sudesh, H. Sato, K. Ito, and T. Fukuda, J. Cryst. Growth 223, 539 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Semashko, V. V.

S. Nicolas, E. Decroix, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korapleva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semashko, Opt. Mater. 16, 233 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Serrano, M. D.

Shimamura, K.

A. Bensalah, K. Shimamura, V. Sudesh, H. Sato, K. Ito, and T. Fukuda, J. Cryst. Growth 223, 539 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Singh, U. N.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sole, R. M.

V. Petrov, F. Guell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Sole, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and U. Griebner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stoneman, R. C.

Sudesh, V.

A. Bensalah, K. Shimamura, V. Sudesh, H. Sato, K. Ito, and T. Fukuda, J. Cryst. Growth 223, 539 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tigreat, P. Y.

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 72, 909 (2001).

Toncelli, A.

N. Coluccelli, D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 85, 553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Di Lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. P. Jenssen, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 62, 443 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tonelli, M.

N. Coluccelli, D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 85, 553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Di Lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. P. Jenssen, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 62, 443 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Valle, F. J.

Viera, G.

Walsh, B. M.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yu. Abdulsabirov, R.

S. Nicolas, E. Decroix, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korapleva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semashko, Opt. Mater. 16, 233 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zaldo, C.

Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. (1)

A. Di Lieto, P. Minguzzi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and H. P. Jenssen, Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 62, 443 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. (2)

N. Coluccelli, D. Gatti, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 85, 553 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Braud, P. Y. Tigreat, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 72, 909 (2001).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

V. Petrov, F. Guell, J. Massons, J. Gavalda, R. M. Sole, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, and U. Griebner, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Aull and H. P. Jenssen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 925 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, M. Petros, J. Yu, and U. N. Singh, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 3255 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

A. Bensalah, K. Shimamura, V. Sudesh, H. Sato, K. Ito, and T. Fukuda, J. Cryst. Growth 223, 539 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Menard, and R. Moncorge, Opt. Commun. 236, 395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

S. Nicolas, E. Decroix, Y. Guyot, M.-F. Joubert, R. Yu. Abdulsabirov, S. L. Korapleva, A. K. Naumov, and V. V. Semashko, Opt. Mater. 16, 233 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Room-temperature polarized cross sections of Tm 3 + ions in LiLuF crystal: (a) absorption, (b) emission.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Scheme of the Tm:LiLuF laser cavity and pump system: LD, laser diode; F1, F2, F3: lenses; M1, M2, M3, mirrors; C, Tm-doped LiLuF crystal; LF, Lyot filter; OC, output coupler.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output power versus incident pump power of Tm:LiLuF laser with Tm 3 + ion concentrations of 8% (triangles), 12% (circles), and 16% (squares). (a) 1% output coupler, (b) 5% output coupler.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Tunability curves of Tm:LiLuF laser measured with 1% output coupling for Tm 3 + -doping level of 8%, 12%, and 16%.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Tm:LiLuF performance

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