Abstract

To avoid additive cross-talk among multiple images, they are separated from each other and even from the host image in the hiding and the extraction process by locating them independently in the Fresnel domain with computer-generated double phase-only masks. Gray images and white-ground and black-ground binary images can be hidden in the system at the same time. The hiding capacity of the system as to these three types of multiple image has also been investigated using a cascaded iterative algorithm. The security and the multiplexing parameters of the system are analyzed as well.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. I. J. Cox, M. L. Miller, and J. A. Bloom, Digital Watermarking (Morgan Kaufmann, 2002).
  2. J. Kim, J. Choi, and E. Kim, Opt. Eng. 43, 113 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. He, L. Cai, Q. Liu, X. Wang, and X. Meng, Opt. Commun. 247, 29 (2005).
  4. G. Situ and J. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 30, 1306 (2005).
  5. Y. Shi, G. Situ, and J. Zhang, J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 569 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. C. Gonzalez and R. E. Woods, Digital Image Processing (Prentice-Hall, 2002).
  7. F. Shen and A. Wang, Appl. Opt. 45, 1102 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Hahn, H. Kim, and B. Lee, Opt. Express 14, 11103 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2005 (2)

M. He, L. Cai, Q. Liu, X. Wang, and X. Meng, Opt. Commun. 247, 29 (2005).

G. Situ and J. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 30, 1306 (2005).

2004 (1)

J. Kim, J. Choi, and E. Kim, Opt. Eng. 43, 113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

I. J. Cox, M. L. Miller, and J. A. Bloom, Digital Watermarking (Morgan Kaufmann, 2002).

R. C. Gonzalez and R. E. Woods, Digital Image Processing (Prentice-Hall, 2002).

Bloom, J. A.

I. J. Cox, M. L. Miller, and J. A. Bloom, Digital Watermarking (Morgan Kaufmann, 2002).

Cai, L.

M. He, L. Cai, Q. Liu, X. Wang, and X. Meng, Opt. Commun. 247, 29 (2005).

Choi, J.

J. Kim, J. Choi, and E. Kim, Opt. Eng. 43, 113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cox, I. J.

I. J. Cox, M. L. Miller, and J. A. Bloom, Digital Watermarking (Morgan Kaufmann, 2002).

Gonzalez, R. C.

R. C. Gonzalez and R. E. Woods, Digital Image Processing (Prentice-Hall, 2002).

Hahn, J.

He, M.

M. He, L. Cai, Q. Liu, X. Wang, and X. Meng, Opt. Commun. 247, 29 (2005).

Kim, E.

J. Kim, J. Choi, and E. Kim, Opt. Eng. 43, 113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

Kim, J.

J. Kim, J. Choi, and E. Kim, Opt. Eng. 43, 113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

Liu, Q.

M. He, L. Cai, Q. Liu, X. Wang, and X. Meng, Opt. Commun. 247, 29 (2005).

Meng, X.

M. He, L. Cai, Q. Liu, X. Wang, and X. Meng, Opt. Commun. 247, 29 (2005).

Miller, M. L.

I. J. Cox, M. L. Miller, and J. A. Bloom, Digital Watermarking (Morgan Kaufmann, 2002).

Shen, F.

Shi, Y.

Y. Shi, G. Situ, and J. Zhang, J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 569 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Situ, G.

Y. Shi, G. Situ, and J. Zhang, J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 569 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Situ and J. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 30, 1306 (2005).

Wang, A.

Wang, X.

M. He, L. Cai, Q. Liu, X. Wang, and X. Meng, Opt. Commun. 247, 29 (2005).

Woods, R. E.

R. C. Gonzalez and R. E. Woods, Digital Image Processing (Prentice-Hall, 2002).

Zhang, J.

Y. Shi, G. Situ, and J. Zhang, J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 569 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Situ and J. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 30, 1306 (2005).

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

Y. Shi, G. Situ, and J. Zhang, J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 569 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. He, L. Cai, Q. Liu, X. Wang, and X. Meng, Opt. Commun. 247, 29 (2005).

Opt. Eng. (1)

J. Kim, J. Choi, and E. Kim, Opt. Eng. 43, 113 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

I. J. Cox, M. L. Miller, and J. A. Bloom, Digital Watermarking (Morgan Kaufmann, 2002).

R. C. Gonzalez and R. E. Woods, Digital Image Processing (Prentice-Hall, 2002).

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