Abstract

We demonstrate an ultrastable regeneratively mode-locked fiber laser that employs a phase-locked loop (PLL) circuit with a hydrogen maser. The stability for an integration time of 1s was 6.2×1013, which is 16 times better than that of a conventional PLL laser. For an integration time of 1000s, the stability reached as high as 4.9×1015. The repetition-rate stability was limited by the synthesizer used for the PLL operation, and there was no additional fluctuation induced by the laser operation.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Kobayashi, T. Okada, K. A. Nelson, and S. De Silvestri, Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Springer-Verlag, 2004), Section FA.
  2. K. W. Holman, D. J. Jones, D. D. Hudson, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 29, 1554 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. D. Hudson, S. M. Foreman, S. T. Cundiff, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 31, 1951 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Choi, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. , J86-C, 1054 (2003) (in Japanese).
  6. M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 33, 1318 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, Electron. Lett. 32, 461 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. W. Allan, Proc. IEEE 54, 221 (1966).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2004 (2)

T. Kobayashi, T. Okada, K. A. Nelson, and S. De Silvestri, Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Springer-Verlag, 2004), Section FA.

K. W. Holman, D. J. Jones, D. D. Hudson, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 29, 1554 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

S. Choi, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. , J86-C, 1054 (2003) (in Japanese).

1997 (1)

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 33, 1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, Electron. Lett. 32, 461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

D. W. Allan, Proc. IEEE 54, 221 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Allan, D. W.

D. W. Allan, Proc. IEEE 54, 221 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S.

S. Choi, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. , J86-C, 1054 (2003) (in Japanese).

Cundiff, S. T.

De Silvestri, S.

T. Kobayashi, T. Okada, K. A. Nelson, and S. De Silvestri, Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Springer-Verlag, 2004), Section FA.

Foreman, S. M.

Holman, K. W.

Hudson, D. D.

Jones, D. J.

Kimura, Y.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

T. Kobayashi, T. Okada, K. A. Nelson, and S. De Silvestri, Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Springer-Verlag, 2004), Section FA.

Nakazawa, M.

S. Choi, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. , J86-C, 1054 (2003) (in Japanese).

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 33, 1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, Electron. Lett. 32, 461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, K. A.

T. Kobayashi, T. Okada, K. A. Nelson, and S. De Silvestri, Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Springer-Verlag, 2004), Section FA.

Okada, T.

T. Kobayashi, T. Okada, K. A. Nelson, and S. De Silvestri, Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Springer-Verlag, 2004), Section FA.

Tamura, K.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 33, 1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, Electron. Lett. 32, 461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

Yoshida, E.

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 33, 1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, Electron. Lett. 32, 461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

S. Choi, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. , J86-C, 1054 (2003) (in Japanese).

Electron. Lett. (3)

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and K. Tamura, Electron. Lett. 33, 1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, and E. Yoshida, Electron. Lett. 32, 461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, and Y. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 30, 1603 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

S. Choi, M. Yoshida, and M. Nakazawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. , J86-C, 1054 (2003) (in Japanese).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. IEEE (1)

D. W. Allan, Proc. IEEE 54, 221 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

T. Kobayashi, T. Okada, K. A. Nelson, and S. De Silvestri, Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena (Springer-Verlag, 2004), Section FA.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for PLL mode-locked fiber laser with an HM clock. PM-EDF, polarization-maintaining erbium-doped fiber; PM-DSF, polarization-maintaining dispersion-shifted fiber; DBM, double-balanced mixer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output power versus pump power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output pulse characteristics: (a) autocorrelation trace, (b) optical spectral profile, (c) 9.19 GHz electrical clock spectrum, (d) single-sideband phase noise spectrum.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental setups for measuring frequency stability of microwave signal: (a) from the PLL MLFL with a HM clock, (b) from the synthesizer used for the PLL operation. DRO, dielectric resonator oscillator.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Repetition-rate stability of PLL MLFL with an HM clock (filled squares), PLL MLFL with a conventional synthesizer (filled triangles), synthesizer driven by a HM clock (open diamonds), and an HM (solid curve).

Metrics