Abstract

We have observed a high Raman gain in a quasi-stationary state realized by a single strong-pulsed-pump laser. The Raman gain, originating from the population inversion in the dressed state picture, was as large as 1700% in a Λ system of three fine-structure levels of atomic samarium, corresponding to a gain cross section comparable with the linear absorption cross section for the same transition.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, Nature 406277 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. S. Fry, X. Li, D. Nikonov, G. G. Padmabandu, M. O. Scully, A. V. Smith, F. K. Tittel, C. Wang, S. R. Wilkinson, and S.-Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3235 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. W. E. van der Veer, R. J. J. van Diest, and A. Dönszelmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3243 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. D. Greentree, T. B. Smith, S. R. de Echaniz, A. V. Durrant, J. P. Marangos, D. M. Segal, and J. A. Vaccaro, Phys. Rev. A 65, 053802 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. R. de Echaniz, A. D. Greentree, A. V. Durrant, D. M. Segal, J. P. Marangos, and J. A. Vaccaro, Phys. Rev. A 64, 055801 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. M.-K. Oh, W. Choi, J.-H. Jeon, M. Lee, Y. Choi, S. Park, J.-H. Lee, and K. An, Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 59, 1919 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Cohen-Tannoudji, J. Dupont-Roc, and G. Grynberg, Atom-Photon Interaction (Wiley, 1992).
  10. S. H. Autler and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 100, 703 (1955).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (1)

M.-K. Oh, W. Choi, J.-H. Jeon, M. Lee, Y. Choi, S. Park, J.-H. Lee, and K. An, Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 59, 1919 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. D. Greentree, T. B. Smith, S. R. de Echaniz, A. V. Durrant, J. P. Marangos, D. M. Segal, and J. A. Vaccaro, Phys. Rev. A 65, 053802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. R. de Echaniz, A. D. Greentree, A. V. Durrant, D. M. Segal, J. P. Marangos, and J. A. Vaccaro, Phys. Rev. A 64, 055801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, Nature 406277 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (2)

E. S. Fry, X. Li, D. Nikonov, G. G. Padmabandu, M. O. Scully, A. V. Smith, F. K. Tittel, C. Wang, S. R. Wilkinson, and S.-Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3235 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. E. van der Veer, R. J. J. van Diest, and A. Dönszelmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3243 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, J. Dupont-Roc, and G. Grynberg, Atom-Photon Interaction (Wiley, 1992).

1985 (1)

P. Hannaford and R. M. Lowe, J. Phys. B 18, 2365 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1955 (1)

S. H. Autler and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 100, 703 (1955).
[CrossRef]

An, K.

M.-K. Oh, W. Choi, J.-H. Jeon, M. Lee, Y. Choi, S. Park, J.-H. Lee, and K. An, Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 59, 1919 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Autler, S. H.

S. H. Autler and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 100, 703 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Choi, W.

M.-K. Oh, W. Choi, J.-H. Jeon, M. Lee, Y. Choi, S. Park, J.-H. Lee, and K. An, Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 59, 1919 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Choi, Y.

M.-K. Oh, W. Choi, J.-H. Jeon, M. Lee, Y. Choi, S. Park, J.-H. Lee, and K. An, Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 59, 1919 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cohen-Tannoudji, C.

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, J. Dupont-Roc, and G. Grynberg, Atom-Photon Interaction (Wiley, 1992).

de Echaniz, S. R.

A. D. Greentree, T. B. Smith, S. R. de Echaniz, A. V. Durrant, J. P. Marangos, D. M. Segal, and J. A. Vaccaro, Phys. Rev. A 65, 053802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. R. de Echaniz, A. D. Greentree, A. V. Durrant, D. M. Segal, J. P. Marangos, and J. A. Vaccaro, Phys. Rev. A 64, 055801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dogariu, A.

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, Nature 406277 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dönszelmann, A.

W. E. van der Veer, R. J. J. van Diest, and A. Dönszelmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3243 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dupont-Roc, J.

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, J. Dupont-Roc, and G. Grynberg, Atom-Photon Interaction (Wiley, 1992).

Durrant, A. V.

A. D. Greentree, T. B. Smith, S. R. de Echaniz, A. V. Durrant, J. P. Marangos, D. M. Segal, and J. A. Vaccaro, Phys. Rev. A 65, 053802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. R. de Echaniz, A. D. Greentree, A. V. Durrant, D. M. Segal, J. P. Marangos, and J. A. Vaccaro, Phys. Rev. A 64, 055801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fry, E. S.

E. S. Fry, X. Li, D. Nikonov, G. G. Padmabandu, M. O. Scully, A. V. Smith, F. K. Tittel, C. Wang, S. R. Wilkinson, and S.-Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3235 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Greentree, A. D.

A. D. Greentree, T. B. Smith, S. R. de Echaniz, A. V. Durrant, J. P. Marangos, D. M. Segal, and J. A. Vaccaro, Phys. Rev. A 65, 053802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. R. de Echaniz, A. D. Greentree, A. V. Durrant, D. M. Segal, J. P. Marangos, and J. A. Vaccaro, Phys. Rev. A 64, 055801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Grynberg, G.

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, J. Dupont-Roc, and G. Grynberg, Atom-Photon Interaction (Wiley, 1992).

Hannaford, P.

P. Hannaford and R. M. Lowe, J. Phys. B 18, 2365 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jain, M.

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jeon, J.-H.

M.-K. Oh, W. Choi, J.-H. Jeon, M. Lee, Y. Choi, S. Park, J.-H. Lee, and K. An, Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 59, 1919 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kuzmich, A.

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, Nature 406277 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, J.-H.

M.-K. Oh, W. Choi, J.-H. Jeon, M. Lee, Y. Choi, S. Park, J.-H. Lee, and K. An, Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 59, 1919 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M.

M.-K. Oh, W. Choi, J.-H. Jeon, M. Lee, Y. Choi, S. Park, J.-H. Lee, and K. An, Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 59, 1919 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

E. S. Fry, X. Li, D. Nikonov, G. G. Padmabandu, M. O. Scully, A. V. Smith, F. K. Tittel, C. Wang, S. R. Wilkinson, and S.-Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3235 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lowe, R. M.

P. Hannaford and R. M. Lowe, J. Phys. B 18, 2365 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Marangos, J. P.

A. D. Greentree, T. B. Smith, S. R. de Echaniz, A. V. Durrant, J. P. Marangos, D. M. Segal, and J. A. Vaccaro, Phys. Rev. A 65, 053802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. R. de Echaniz, A. D. Greentree, A. V. Durrant, D. M. Segal, J. P. Marangos, and J. A. Vaccaro, Phys. Rev. A 64, 055801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Merriam, A. J.

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nikonov, D.

E. S. Fry, X. Li, D. Nikonov, G. G. Padmabandu, M. O. Scully, A. V. Smith, F. K. Tittel, C. Wang, S. R. Wilkinson, and S.-Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3235 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oh, M.-K.

M.-K. Oh, W. Choi, J.-H. Jeon, M. Lee, Y. Choi, S. Park, J.-H. Lee, and K. An, Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 59, 1919 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Padmabandu, G. G.

E. S. Fry, X. Li, D. Nikonov, G. G. Padmabandu, M. O. Scully, A. V. Smith, F. K. Tittel, C. Wang, S. R. Wilkinson, and S.-Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3235 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, S.

M.-K. Oh, W. Choi, J.-H. Jeon, M. Lee, Y. Choi, S. Park, J.-H. Lee, and K. An, Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 59, 1919 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Scully, M. O.

E. S. Fry, X. Li, D. Nikonov, G. G. Padmabandu, M. O. Scully, A. V. Smith, F. K. Tittel, C. Wang, S. R. Wilkinson, and S.-Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3235 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Segal, D. M.

A. D. Greentree, T. B. Smith, S. R. de Echaniz, A. V. Durrant, J. P. Marangos, D. M. Segal, and J. A. Vaccaro, Phys. Rev. A 65, 053802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. R. de Echaniz, A. D. Greentree, A. V. Durrant, D. M. Segal, J. P. Marangos, and J. A. Vaccaro, Phys. Rev. A 64, 055801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A. V.

E. S. Fry, X. Li, D. Nikonov, G. G. Padmabandu, M. O. Scully, A. V. Smith, F. K. Tittel, C. Wang, S. R. Wilkinson, and S.-Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3235 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, T. B.

A. D. Greentree, T. B. Smith, S. R. de Echaniz, A. V. Durrant, J. P. Marangos, D. M. Segal, and J. A. Vaccaro, Phys. Rev. A 65, 053802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, F. K.

E. S. Fry, X. Li, D. Nikonov, G. G. Padmabandu, M. O. Scully, A. V. Smith, F. K. Tittel, C. Wang, S. R. Wilkinson, and S.-Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3235 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Townes, C. H.

S. H. Autler and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 100, 703 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Vaccaro, J. A.

A. D. Greentree, T. B. Smith, S. R. de Echaniz, A. V. Durrant, J. P. Marangos, D. M. Segal, and J. A. Vaccaro, Phys. Rev. A 65, 053802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. R. de Echaniz, A. D. Greentree, A. V. Durrant, D. M. Segal, J. P. Marangos, and J. A. Vaccaro, Phys. Rev. A 64, 055801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

van der Veer, W. E.

W. E. van der Veer, R. J. J. van Diest, and A. Dönszelmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3243 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Diest, R. J. J.

W. E. van der Veer, R. J. J. van Diest, and A. Dönszelmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3243 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, C.

E. S. Fry, X. Li, D. Nikonov, G. G. Padmabandu, M. O. Scully, A. V. Smith, F. K. Tittel, C. Wang, S. R. Wilkinson, and S.-Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3235 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, L. J.

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, Nature 406277 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilkinson, S. R.

E. S. Fry, X. Li, D. Nikonov, G. G. Padmabandu, M. O. Scully, A. V. Smith, F. K. Tittel, C. Wang, S. R. Wilkinson, and S.-Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3235 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xia, H.

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yin, G. Y.

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, S.-Y.

E. S. Fry, X. Li, D. Nikonov, G. G. Padmabandu, M. O. Scully, A. V. Smith, F. K. Tittel, C. Wang, S. R. Wilkinson, and S.-Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3235 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. B (1)

P. Hannaford and R. M. Lowe, J. Phys. B 18, 2365 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, Nature 406277 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. (1)

S. H. Autler and C. H. Townes, Phys. Rev. 100, 703 (1955).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

A. D. Greentree, T. B. Smith, S. R. de Echaniz, A. V. Durrant, J. P. Marangos, D. M. Segal, and J. A. Vaccaro, Phys. Rev. A 65, 053802 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. R. de Echaniz, A. D. Greentree, A. V. Durrant, D. M. Segal, J. P. Marangos, and J. A. Vaccaro, Phys. Rev. A 64, 055801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

M. Jain, H. Xia, G. Y. Yin, A. J. Merriam, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4326 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. S. Fry, X. Li, D. Nikonov, G. G. Padmabandu, M. O. Scully, A. V. Smith, F. K. Tittel, C. Wang, S. R. Wilkinson, and S.-Y. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3235 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. E. van der Veer, R. J. J. van Diest, and A. Dönszelmann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 3243 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spectrochim. Acta, Part B (1)

M.-K. Oh, W. Choi, J.-H. Jeon, M. Lee, Y. Choi, S. Park, J.-H. Lee, and K. An, Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 59, 1919 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, J. Dupont-Roc, and G. Grynberg, Atom-Photon Interaction (Wiley, 1992).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Λ-type three-level scheme in Sm I.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Probe transmission observed as a function of probe detuning for a pump Rabi frequency Ω c , max of (a) 6.1, (b) 19.2, and (c) 47.0 GHz at oven temperature of 790°C. (d) At 870°C with Ω c , max = 17.7 GHz , the probe gain was as large as 1700%. Plain probe absorption is also shown in open circles.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Observed positions of the gain peaks for various pump Rabi frequencies, plotted in filled squares, as a function of an effective pump Rabi frequency.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Isotope Shifts and Natural Abundance of Seven Isotopes of Sm I at 532.058 and 557.342 nm a

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

+ , n = sin θ 1 , n + 1 + cos θ 2 , n ,
, n = cos θ 1 , n + 1 sin θ 2 , n ,
E ± = ω 12 + 2 ( Δ ± Ω c 2 + Δ 2 ) ,

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