Abstract

We report experimental and numerical results on the dynamics of gain-guided solitons in a passively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser made of purely normal dispersion fibers. We show that formation of the soliton in the laser is a result of mutual interaction and balance among the cavity transmission, fiber Kerr nonlinearity, gain saturation, and filtering over one cavity round trip.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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2006

2005

E. Podivilov and V. L. Kalashnikov, Pis'ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 82, 524 (2005).

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

G. Chang, A. Galvanauskas, H. G. Winful, and T. B. Norris, Opt. Lett. 29, 2647 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

2000

1993

1991

1989

Bélanger, P. A.

Bélanger, P.-A.

Blow, K. J.

Buckley, J. R.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burgoyne, B.

Chang, G.

Chong, A.

Clark, W. G.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clausnitzer, T.

Doran, N. J.

Dudley, J. M.

Fuchs, H.-J.

Gagnon, L.

Galvanauskas, A.

Godbout, N.

Harvey, J. D.

Haus, H. A.

Ilday, F. Ö.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ippen, E. P.

Kalashnikov, V. L.

E. Podivilov and V. L. Kalashnikov, Pis'ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 82, 524 (2005).

Kelly, S. M. J.

Kley, E.-B.

Kracht, D.

Kruglov, V. I.

Kuznetsova, L.

Lacroix, S.

Limpert, J.

Liu, A. Q.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

Norris, T. B.

Paré, C.

Peacock, A. C.

Podivilov, E.

E. Podivilov and V. L. Kalashnikov, Pis'ma Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 82, 524 (2005).

Prochnow, O.

Ruehl, A.

Schreiber, T.

Smith, K.

Tamura, K.

Tang, D. Y.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, and J. Wu, Opt. Lett. 31, 1788 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Wandt, D.

Winful, H. G.

Wise, F. W.

L. Kuznetsova, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, Opt. Lett. 31, 2640 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, J.

Zellmer, H.

Zhao, B.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L. M.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, and J. Wu, Opt. Lett. 31, 1788 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 72, 043816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zöllner, K.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the fiber laser. I, polarization-independent isolator; P, polarizer; λ 4 , quarter-wave plate; WDM, wavelength-division-multiplexing coupler; EDF, erbium-doped fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Optical spectra and (b) corresponding autocorrelation traces of a gain-guided soliton measured at the two output couplers.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Optical spectra and (b) pulse profiles of a gain-guided soliton at two different cavity positions numerically calculated.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pulse width variation of a gain-guided soliton along the laser cavity numerically calculated.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Chirp profiles of the (a) horizontal and (b) vertical components of the gain-guided soliton at different cavity positions. The inserted pulse intensity profiles are the pulse components at the position of output coupler 2.

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