Abstract

The temporal characterization of a femtosecond laser pulse in the deep ultraviolet region using an interferometric autocorrelation scheme is demonstrated. Two-photon ionization of a molecule in a time-of-flight mass spectrometer was used as a nonlinear detector to obtain an autocorrelation trace. This setup proved useful in not only providing a temporal characterization of a pulse but also investigating the ultrafast dynamics of photochemical processes.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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Y. Nabekawa, T. Shimizu, T. Okino, K. Furusawa, H. Hasegawa, K. Yamanouchi, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 153904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Streibel, K. Hafner, F. Mühlberger, T. Adam, and R. Zimmermann, Appl. Spectrosc. 60, 72 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

F. Noack, O. Steinkellner, P. Tzankov, H.-H. Ritze, J. Herrmann, and Y. Kida, Opt. Express 13, 2467 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Shimizu, Y. Nabekawa, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Opt. Express 13, 6345 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Jailaubekov and S. E. Bradforth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Salières, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

K. Takatoi, A. Suda, Y. Oishi, P. Wang, K. Nagasawa, and K. Midorikawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 43, 993 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Sekikawa, A. Kosuge, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, Nature 432, 605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

T. Sekikawa, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 103902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, J. M. D. Lister, and C. J. Hooker, Appl. Phys. B 69, 19 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Nicholson, J. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, F. G. Omenetto, and A. J. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 23, 1774 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee III, S. Backus, H. C. Kepteyn, and M. M. Murnane, Opt. Lett. 24, 697 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1991

1989

K. Nagamura, K. Mogi, and H. Yamada, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1225 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987

Adam, T.

Backus, S.

Baum, P.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bradforth, S. E.

A. J. Jailaubekov and S. E. Bradforth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Breger, P.

Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Salières, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carré, B.

Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Salières, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dadap, J. I.

Diels, J. C.

J. C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena (Academic, 1995).

Downer, M. C.

Durfee, C. G.

Focht, G. B.

Furusawa, K.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Shimizu, T. Okino, K. Furusawa, H. Hasegawa, K. Yamanouchi, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 153904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gibson, G. N.

Gobert, O.

Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Salières, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hafner, K.

Hasegawa, H.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Shimizu, T. Okino, K. Furusawa, H. Hasegawa, K. Yamanouchi, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 153904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herrmann, J.

Hooker, C. J.

K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, J. M. D. Lister, and C. J. Hooker, Appl. Phys. B 69, 19 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, M. H. R.

Jailaubekov, A. J.

A. J. Jailaubekov and S. E. Bradforth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jasapara, J.

J. W. Nicholson, J. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, F. G. Omenetto, and A. J. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 23, 1774 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kanai, T.

T. Sekikawa, A. Kosuge, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, Nature 432, 605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sekikawa, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 103902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kepteyn, H. C.

Kida, Y.

Kosuge, A.

T. Sekikawa, A. Kosuge, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, Nature 432, 605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lister, J. M. D.

K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, J. M. D. Lister, and C. J. Hooker, Appl. Phys. B 69, 19 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lochbrunner, S.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mairesse, Y.

Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Salières, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McIntyre, I. A.

Merdji, H.

Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Salières, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meynadier, P.

Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Salières, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Midorikawa, K.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Shimizu, T. Okino, K. Furusawa, H. Hasegawa, K. Yamanouchi, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 153904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Shimizu, Y. Nabekawa, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Opt. Express 13, 6345 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Takatoi, A. Suda, Y. Oishi, P. Wang, K. Nagasawa, and K. Midorikawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 43, 993 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mogi, K.

K. Nagamura, K. Mogi, and H. Yamada, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1225 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Monchicourt, P.

Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Salières, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mühlberger, F.

Murnane, M. M.

Nabekawa, Y.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Shimizu, T. Okino, K. Furusawa, H. Hasegawa, K. Yamanouchi, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 153904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Shimizu, Y. Nabekawa, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, Opt. Express 13, 6345 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nagamura, K.

K. Nagamura, K. Mogi, and H. Yamada, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1225 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Nagasawa, K.

K. Takatoi, A. Suda, Y. Oishi, P. Wang, K. Nagasawa, and K. Midorikawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 43, 993 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nicholson, J. W.

J. W. Nicholson, J. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, F. G. Omenetto, and A. J. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 23, 1774 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Noack, F.

Obara, M.

Oishi, Y.

K. Takatoi, A. Suda, Y. Oishi, P. Wang, K. Nagasawa, and K. Midorikawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 43, 993 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Okino, T.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Shimizu, T. Okino, K. Furusawa, H. Hasegawa, K. Yamanouchi, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 153904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Omenetto, F. G.

J. W. Nicholson, J. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, F. G. Omenetto, and A. J. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 23, 1774 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Osvay, K.

K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, J. M. D. Lister, and C. J. Hooker, Appl. Phys. B 69, 19 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Perdrix, M.

Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Salières, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reitze, D. H.

Rhodes, C. K.

Riedle, E.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ritze, H.-H.

Ross, I. N.

K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, J. M. D. Lister, and C. J. Hooker, Appl. Phys. B 69, 19 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rudolph, W.

J. W. Nicholson, J. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, F. G. Omenetto, and A. J. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 23, 1774 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena (Academic, 1995).

Salières, P.

Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Salières, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sekikawa, T.

T. Sekikawa, A. Kosuge, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, Nature 432, 605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sekikawa, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 103902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shimizu, S.

Shimizu, T.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Shimizu, T. Okino, K. Furusawa, H. Hasegawa, K. Yamanouchi, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 153904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinkellner, O.

Streibel, T.

Suda, A.

K. Takatoi, A. Suda, Y. Oishi, P. Wang, K. Nagasawa, and K. Midorikawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 43, 993 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takatoi, K.

K. Takatoi, A. Suda, Y. Oishi, P. Wang, K. Nagasawa, and K. Midorikawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 43, 993 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

J. W. Nicholson, J. Jasapara, W. Rudolph, F. G. Omenetto, and A. J. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 23, 1774 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tzankov, P.

Wang, P.

K. Takatoi, A. Suda, Y. Oishi, P. Wang, K. Nagasawa, and K. Midorikawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 43, 993 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

T. Sekikawa, A. Kosuge, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, Nature 432, 605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sekikawa, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 103902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamada, H.

K. Nagamura, K. Mogi, and H. Yamada, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1225 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yamanouchi, K.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Shimizu, T. Okino, K. Furusawa, H. Hasegawa, K. Yamanouchi, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 153904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zimmermann, R.

Appl. Phys. B

K. Osvay, I. N. Ross, J. M. D. Lister, and C. J. Hooker, Appl. Phys. B 69, 19 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. J. Jailaubekov and S. E. Bradforth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

K. Nagamura, K. Mogi, and H. Yamada, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1225 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1

K. Takatoi, A. Suda, Y. Oishi, P. Wang, K. Nagasawa, and K. Midorikawa, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 43, 993 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature

T. Sekikawa, A. Kosuge, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, Nature 432, 605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Shimizu, T. Okino, K. Furusawa, H. Hasegawa, K. Yamanouchi, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 153904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sekikawa, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 103902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Salières, and B. Carré, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

J. C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena (Academic, 1995).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Double-logarithmic plot of the NO + yield as a function of input energy. Pulse width, 100 fs ; wavelength, 261 nm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Interferometric autocorrelation traces obtained by measuring the NO + signal in a mass spectrum. (a) Transform-limited pulse. (b) Negatively chirped pulse. The smooth curve shows an intensity AC trace derived from the Gaussian pulse with an additional chirp of 8 × 10 3 fs 2 . (c) Interferometric fringe pattern. A fitted curve with cos 4 θ dependence is also shown.

Equations (1)

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I n ( τ ) = [ E ( t ) + E ( t τ ) ] n 2 d t .

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