Abstract

We present a design of a polarization converter between linear, circular, and elliptic accomplished with an on-chip high-Q dielectric microring resonator. Nonlinear polarization switching can be accomplished at modest input intensities because of the high-intensity compression in the ring. We predict an optical bistability effect making the polarization of the transmitted light dependent on its spectral or intensity history.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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2006

2004

T. A. Ibrahim, K. Amarnath, L. C. Kuo, R. Grover, V. Van, and P.-T. Ho, Opt. Lett. 29, 2779 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, P. D. Dapkus, W. Lin, G. Griffel, R. Menna, and J. Connoly, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 828 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1422 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

R. Manning, A. Antonopoulos, R. L. Roux, and A. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 37, 229 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

B. E. Little and S. T. Chu, Opt. Photon. News 11(11), 24 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Griffel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1642 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

H. Soto, D. Erasme, and G. Guekos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 970 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Heebner and R. W. Boyd, Opt. Lett. 24, 847 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

C. K. Madsen and G. Lenz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 994 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

O. Ogusu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1537 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, F. Hakimzadeh, J. W. Pedersen, D. Li, and H. van Brug, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 32 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. I. Miller, and M. G. Young, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Alferness, R.

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. I. Miller, and M. G. Young, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Amarnath, K.

Antonopoulos, A.

R. Manning, A. Antonopoulos, R. L. Roux, and A. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 37, 229 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ashcroft, N. W.

N. W. Ashcroft and N. D. Mermin, Solid State Physics (Thompson Learning, 1976).

Boyd, R. W.

Calhoun, L. C.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1422 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S. J.

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, P. D. Dapkus, W. Lin, G. Griffel, R. Menna, and J. Connoly, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 828 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, P. D. Dapkus, W. Lin, G. Griffel, R. Menna, and J. Connoly, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 828 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S. T.

B. E. Little and S. T. Chu, Opt. Photon. News 11(11), 24 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Connoly, J.

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, P. D. Dapkus, W. Lin, G. Griffel, R. Menna, and J. Connoly, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 828 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dapkus, P. D.

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, P. D. Dapkus, W. Lin, G. Griffel, R. Menna, and J. Connoly, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 828 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Djordjev, K.

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, P. D. Dapkus, W. Lin, G. Griffel, R. Menna, and J. Connoly, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 828 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Erasme, D.

H. Soto, D. Erasme, and G. Guekos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 970 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Griffel, G.

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, P. D. Dapkus, W. Lin, G. Griffel, R. Menna, and J. Connoly, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 828 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Griffel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1642 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Grover, R.

T. A. Ibrahim, K. Amarnath, L. C. Kuo, R. Grover, V. Van, and P.-T. Ho, Opt. Lett. 29, 2779 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1422 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Guekos, G.

H. Soto, D. Erasme, and G. Guekos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 970 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hakimzadeh, F.

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, F. Hakimzadeh, J. W. Pedersen, D. Li, and H. van Brug, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 32 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Heebner, J. E.

Ho, P.-T.

T. A. Ibrahim, K. Amarnath, L. C. Kuo, R. Grover, V. Van, and P.-T. Ho, Opt. Lett. 29, 2779 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1422 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ibrahim, T. A.

T. A. Ibrahim, K. Amarnath, L. C. Kuo, R. Grover, V. Van, and P.-T. Ho, Opt. Lett. 29, 2779 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1422 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Madsen, C.

C. K. Madsen and G. Lenz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 994 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kanakaraju, S.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1422 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, A.

R. Manning, A. Antonopoulos, R. L. Roux, and A. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 37, 229 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Koch, T.

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. I. Miller, and M. G. Young, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Koren, U.

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. I. Miller, and M. G. Young, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, L. C.

Kuo, L.-C.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1422 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lenz, G.

C. K. Madsen and G. Lenz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 994 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, D.

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, F. Hakimzadeh, J. W. Pedersen, D. Li, and H. van Brug, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 32 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lin, W.

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, P. D. Dapkus, W. Lin, G. Griffel, R. Menna, and J. Connoly, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 828 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Little, B. E.

B. E. Little and S. T. Chu, Opt. Photon. News 11(11), 24 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Manning, R.

R. Manning, A. Antonopoulos, R. L. Roux, and A. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 37, 229 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Menna, R.

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, P. D. Dapkus, W. Lin, G. Griffel, R. Menna, and J. Connoly, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 828 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mermin, N. D.

N. W. Ashcroft and N. D. Mermin, Solid State Physics (Thompson Learning, 1976).

Miller, B. I.

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. I. Miller, and M. G. Young, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ogusu, O.

O. Ogusu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1537 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Oron, M.

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. I. Miller, and M. G. Young, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Pedersen, J. W.

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, F. Hakimzadeh, J. W. Pedersen, D. Li, and H. van Brug, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 32 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Roux, R. L.

R. Manning, A. Antonopoulos, R. L. Roux, and A. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 37, 229 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sekaric, L.

Shani, Y.

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. I. Miller, and M. G. Young, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Soto, H.

H. Soto, D. Erasme, and G. Guekos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 970 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Van, V.

van Brug, H.

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, F. Hakimzadeh, J. W. Pedersen, D. Li, and H. van Brug, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 32 (1995).
[CrossRef]

van der Tol, J. J. G. M.

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, F. Hakimzadeh, J. W. Pedersen, D. Li, and H. van Brug, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 32 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y.

Xia, F.

Xu, Q.

Young, M. G.

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. I. Miller, and M. G. Young, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. I. Miller, and M. G. Young, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

R. Manning, A. Antonopoulos, R. L. Roux, and A. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 37, 229 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

O. Ogusu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1537 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

H. Soto, D. Erasme, and G. Guekos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 970 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. J. G. M. van der Tol, F. Hakimzadeh, J. W. Pedersen, D. Li, and H. van Brug, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 32 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Griffel, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1642 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. K. Madsen and G. Lenz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 994 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L.-C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1422 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, P. D. Dapkus, W. Lin, G. Griffel, R. Menna, and J. Connoly, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 828 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Photon. News

B. E. Little and S. T. Chu, Opt. Photon. News 11(11), 24 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other

D.R.Lide, ed., CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics87th ed. (CRC, 2006).

N. W. Ashcroft and N. D. Mermin, Solid State Physics (Thompson Learning, 1976).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Dependence of Δ k T M and Δ k T E on the separation distance between the waveguide and microring. Both the waveguide and the ring are made of Si, have 300 nm × 300 nm cross sections and are embedded in SiO 2 .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Top, Δ Φ and transmission losses versus wavelength; bottom, energy compression versus wavelength. Peak losses are greater for the TE mode because it is closer to critical coupling ( r = a ) than the TM mode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Top, Δ Φ and transmission losses versus wavelength at P = 40 mW . Bottom, Δ Φ and transmission losses versus power at λ = 1.5031 μ m . Dashed curves correspond to physically unattainable (unstable) solutions.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E 3 2 E 1 2 = t 2 ( 1 a r ) 2 + 4 a r sin 2 ( ϕ 2 ) ,
Φ = π + ϕ + 2 tan 1 ( r sin ϕ 1 r cos ϕ ) .
r = cos ( Δ k D e f f 2 ) , t = sin ( Δ k D e f f 2 ) ,
Δ Φ = 2 tan 1 [ r T M sin ϕ 1 r T M cos ϕ ] 2 tan 1 [ r T E sin ϕ 1 r T E cos ϕ ] .

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