Abstract

An improved backreflection technique is proposed to perform the spectral-resolved measurement of polarization mode dispersion (PMD) in optical fibers. This technique is based on the PMD dynamical equation and realized by measuring the polarization state evolutions of the reflected signal in both frequency and time domains. Two experimental setups, employing the far-end Fresnel reflection, are constructed to verify this technique. The agreement between the results of the proposed backreflection technique and the conventional forward technique is observed.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  8. R. M. Jopson, L. E. Nelson, and H. Kogelnik, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1153 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

R. M. Jopson, L. E. Nelson, and H. Kogelnik, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1153 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Corsi, A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, M. Schiano, and T. Tambosso, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 451 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

N. Gisin and B. Huttner, Opt. Commun. 142, 119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

C. D. Poole and D. L. Favin, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 917 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

Corsi, F.

F. Corsi, A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, M. Schiano, and T. Tambosso, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 451 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Corsi, A. Galtarossa, and L. Palmieri, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1832 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Favin, D. L.

C. D. Poole and D. L. Favin, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 917 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Galtarossa, A.

Gisin, N.

N. Gisin and B. Huttner, Opt. Commun. 142, 119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huttner, B.

N. Gisin and B. Huttner, Opt. Commun. 142, 119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jopson, R. M.

R. M. Jopson, L. E. Nelson, and H. Kogelnik, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1153 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

R. M. Jopson, L. E. Nelson, and H. Kogelnik, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1153 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Nelson, L. E.

R. M. Jopson, L. E. Nelson, and H. Kogelnik, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1153 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Palmieri, L.

Poole, C. D.

C. D. Poole and D. L. Favin, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 917 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Poole and J. H. Winters, Opt. Lett. 16, 372 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schiano, M.

F. Corsi, A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, M. Schiano, and T. Tambosso, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 451 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tambosso, T.

F. Corsi, A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, M. Schiano, and T. Tambosso, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 451 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Winters, J. H.

Yariv, A.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

F. Corsi, A. Galtarossa, L. Palmieri, M. Schiano, and T. Tambosso, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 451 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Jopson, L. E. Nelson, and H. Kogelnik, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1153 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

N. Gisin and B. Huttner, Opt. Commun. 142, 119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for backreflection and forward measurement of PMD using a continuous-wave signal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison of DGD evolution with respect to optical wavelength measured using forward and backreflection techniques based on continuous-wave probe light.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup for backreflection and forward measurement of PMD using a pulsed signal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison of DGD evolution with respect to optical wavelength measured using backreflection and forward techniques based on pulsed probe light.

Equations (12)

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Ω B = 2 RM T Ω L = 2 RM T ( Ω 1 , Ω 2 , 0 ) T ,
Ω B = 2 RM T Ω L , β B = 2 RM T β L .
Ω B z = 2 RM T ( Ω 1 z + β 3 Ω 2 , Ω 2 z β 3 Ω 1 , β 2 Ω 1 β 1 Ω 2 ) T ,
β B ω = 2 RM T ( β 1 ω + β 2 Ω 3 , β 2 ω β 1 Ω 3 , β 1 Ω 2 β 2 Ω 1 ) T .
Ω B z + β B ω = 2 RM T ( β 1 ω + Ω 1 z + β 3 Ω 2 + β 2 Ω 3 , β 2 ω + Ω 2 z β 3 Ω 1 β 1 Ω 3 , 0 ) T .
Ω z = β ω + β × Ω ;
Ω 1 z + β 3 Ω 2 = β 1 ω + β 2 Ω 3 , Ω 2 z β 3 Ω 1 = β 2 ω β 1 Ω 3 .
Ω B z + β B ω = 4 RM T ( β 1 ω + β 2 Ω 3 , β 2 ω β 1 Ω 3 , 0 ) T .
( Ω B z + β B ω ) ( Ω B z + β B ω ) = 16 [ ( β 1 ω ) 2 + ( β 2 ω ) 2 + β L 2 Ω 3 2 + 2 ( β 2 β 1 ω β 1 β 2 ω ) Ω 3 ] .
β 2 β 1 ω β 1 β 2 ω = 0 , ( β 1 ω ) 2 + ( β 2 ω ) 2 = β L ω 2 = ( β L ω ) 2 .
Ω 3 2 = Ω B z 2 + β B ω 2 + 2 Ω B z β B ω 4 ( β B ω ) 2 4 β B 2 .
Δ τ = Ω L 2 + Ω 3 2 = β B 2 Ω B 2 + Ω B z 2 + β B ω 2 + 2 Ω B z β B ω 4 ( β B ω ) 2 2 β B .

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