Abstract

An all-fiber passive laser mode locking is realized with a vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotube film that can be transferred onto an arbitrary substrate using only hot water. A D-shaped fiber is employed as the substrate for the evanescent field interaction of propagating light with the nanotubes. The scheme highlights the efficient interaction achieved by the nanotube alignment as well as the dramatically simplified device preparation process. The demonstrated pulsed laser output has 2.9nm of spectral full width at half-maximum and a 20.8MHz repetition rate.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2104 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Yoo, Y. Jung, D. Lee, W. Han, K. Oh, Y. Murakami, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Opt. Lett. 30, 3201 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (Kista Photonics Research Center, 2004) paper Th. 1.3.4.
  7. S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Joblonski, and S. Y. Set, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 15, 534 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 32, 148 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. W. Song, K. Morimune, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 021101 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Murakami and S. Maruyama, Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 575 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Murakami, E. Einarsson, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 087402 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. B. W. Reed and M. Sarikaya, Phys. Rev. B 64, 195404 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y. Murakami, E. Einarsson, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Carbon 43, 2664 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 32, 148 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Song, K. Morimune, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

Y. Murakami and S. Maruyama, Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 575 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

Y. Murakami, E. Einarsson, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Carbon 43, 2664 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Yoo, Y. Jung, D. Lee, W. Han, K. Oh, Y. Murakami, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Opt. Lett. 30, 3201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Joblonski, and S. Y. Set, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Murakami, E. Einarsson, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 087402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 15, 534 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

B. W. Reed and M. Sarikaya, Phys. Rev. B 64, 195404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2104 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Edamura, T.

S. Yoo, Y. Jung, D. Lee, W. Han, K. Oh, Y. Murakami, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Opt. Lett. 30, 3201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Murakami, E. Einarsson, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 087402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Murakami, E. Einarsson, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Carbon 43, 2664 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Einarsson, E.

Y. Murakami, E. Einarsson, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 087402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Murakami, E. Einarsson, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Carbon 43, 2664 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Furuki, M.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 15, 534 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Goh, C. S.

Han, W.

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, K.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Joblonski, and S. Y. Set, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, Y.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Joblonski, and S. Y. Set, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (Kista Photonics Research Center, 2004) paper Th. 1.3.4.

Iwasa, I.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 15, 534 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jablonski, M.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (Kista Photonics Research Center, 2004) paper Th. 1.3.4.

Joblonski, M.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Joblonski, and S. Y. Set, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jung, Y.

Kataura, H.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2104 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kotake, T.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Joblonski, and S. Y. Set, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Krainer, L.

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2104 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D.

Maruyama, S.

Y. Murakami and S. Maruyama, Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 575 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Murakami, E. Einarsson, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Carbon 43, 2664 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Murakami, E. Einarsson, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 087402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yoo, Y. Jung, D. Lee, W. Han, K. Oh, Y. Murakami, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Opt. Lett. 30, 3201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mitsu, H.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 15, 534 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Morimune, K.

Y. W. Song, K. Morimune, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Moser, M.

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2104 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, Y.

Y. Murakami and S. Maruyama, Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 575 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Murakami, E. Einarsson, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 087402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Murakami, E. Einarsson, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Carbon 43, 2664 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Yoo, Y. Jung, D. Lee, W. Han, K. Oh, Y. Murakami, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Opt. Lett. 30, 3201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Namiki, S.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oh, K.

Paschotta, R.

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2104 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Reed, B. W.

B. W. Reed and M. Sarikaya, Phys. Rev. B 64, 195404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rozhin, A. G.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sakakibara, Y.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sarikaya, M.

B. W. Reed and M. Sarikaya, Phys. Rev. B 64, 195404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sato, Y.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 15, 534 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Set, S. Y.

Y. W. Song, K. Morimune, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 32, 148 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Joblonski, and S. Y. Set, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (Kista Photonics Research Center, 2004) paper Th. 1.3.4.

Song, Y. W.

Y. W. Song, K. Morimune, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 32, 148 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, D.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Joblonski, and S. Y. Set, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tatsuura, S.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 15, 534 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tian, M.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 15, 534 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tokumoto, M.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yaguchi, H.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Joblonski, and S. Y. Set, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (Kista Photonics Research Center, 2004) paper Th. 1.3.4.

Yamashita, S.

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 32, 148 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Song, K. Morimune, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Joblonski, and S. Y. Set, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, Opt. Lett. 29, 1581 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (Kista Photonics Research Center, 2004) paper Th. 1.3.4.

Yoo, S.

Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) (1)

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Ger.) 15, 534 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, and H. Kataura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2104 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Song, K. Morimune, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Carbon (1)

Y. Murakami, E. Einarsson, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Carbon 43, 2664 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Murakami and S. Maruyama, Chem. Phys. Lett. 422, 575 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Joblonski, and S. Y. Set, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

B. W. Reed and M. Sarikaya, Phys. Rev. B 64, 195404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

Y. Murakami, E. Einarsson, T. Edamura, and S. Maruyama, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 087402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, in European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (Kista Photonics Research Center, 2004) paper Th. 1.3.4.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic explanation of anisotropic optical absorption of an individual CNT. (b) Conventional operating scheme: partial absorption of the X-polarized mode by randomized CNTs sprayed onto the X Z plane. (c) New proposed scheme: maximized absorption of the Y-polarized mode by the VA-SWNT film.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Scanning electron microscope image of the VA-SWNT film grown on a quartz substrate ( 2 k × ) . (b) Carpetlike VA-SWNT film peeled away from the substrate ( 3 k × ) .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Absorption spectra of the SWNT films measured at 45 ° with respect to the incident beam.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Demonstrated pulsed laser setup using a VA-SWNT film.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Output spectrum of our pulsed laser with FWHM of 2.9 nm . (b) Autocorrelation trace of the pulse showing the width of 850 fs . (c) Verification of the pulsed output with pulse train. The repetition rate is 20.8 MHz .

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