Abstract

By using a dual-color femtosecond optical parametric oscillator (OPO), a coherent waveform was synthesized from two coresonant near-infrared signal pulses whose center wavelengths had a separation of 100nm. Immediately after the OPO cavity the pulses had independent carrier-envelope phase-slip frequencies, and synthesis was achieved by shifting these frequencies using an acousto-optic modulator driven by an internally generated difference frequency. Soliton self-frequency shifted pulses from a photonic crystal fiber and a cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating (XFROG) measurement were used to analyze the result of the synthesis experiment and revealed that the synthesized waveform was a train of high-contrast 30fs pulses.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammin, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, Science 314, 443 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2006 (3)

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammin, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Yoshitomi, Y. Kobayashi, M. Kakehata, H. Takada, and K. Torizuka, Opt. Express 14, 6359 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Sun, B. G. J. Gale, and D. T. Reid, Opt. Lett. 31, 2021 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

Y. Kobayashi, D. Yoshitomi, M. Kakehata, H. Takada, and K. Torizukaet, Opt. Lett. 30, 2496 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

2002 (3)

R. K. Shelton, S. M. Foreman, L.-S. Ma, J. L. Hall, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, M. Notcutt, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 27, 312 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 74, SI71 (2002).

D. T. Reid, I. G. Cormack, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 49, 757 (2002).

2001 (1)

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 80, 71 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Altucci, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammin, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Avaldi, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammin, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartels, A.

Beddard, T.

Benedetti, E.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammin, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brown, C. T. A.

Calegari, F.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammin, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cormack, I. G.

D. T. Reid, I. G. Cormack, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 49, 757 (2002).

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammin, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

Dunlop, A. E.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Flammin, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammin, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Foreman, S. M.

Gale, B. G. J.

Hall, J. L.

Hänsch, T. W.

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 80, 71 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hollberg, L.

Holzwarth, R.

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kakehata, M.

Kapteyn, H. C.

Keller, U.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

D. T. Reid, I. G. Cormack, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 49, 757 (2002).

Kobayashi, Y.

Loza-Alvarez, P.

Ma, L.-S.

Murnane, M. M.

Newbury, N. R.

Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammin, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Notcutt, M.

Poletto, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammin, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reichert, J.

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Reid, D. T.

Russel, P. St. J.

D. T. Reid, I. G. Cormack, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 49, 757 (2002).

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammin, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shelton, R. K.

Shverdin, M. Y.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sibbett, W.

Stagira, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammin, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinmeyer, G.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stenger, J.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.

Sutter, D. H.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Takada, H.

Telle, H. R.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Thomann, I.

Torizuka, K.

Torizukaet, K.

Udem, Th.

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Velotta, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammin, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villoresi, P.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammin, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vozzi, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammin, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wadsworth, W. J.

D. T. Reid, I. G. Cormack, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 49, 757 (2002).

Walker, D. R.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, Z.

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 74, SI71 (2002).

Yavuz, D. D.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ye, J.

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Shelton, S. M. Foreman, L.-S. Ma, J. L. Hall, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, M. Notcutt, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 27, 312 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yin, G. Y.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshitomi, D.

Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. (2)

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 69, 327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wei, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 74, SI71 (2002).

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (1)

D. T. Reid, I. G. Cormack, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russel, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 49, 757 (2002).

Opt. Commun. (2)

T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 80, 71 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammin, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, Science 314, 443 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Science 293, 1286 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of the experiment. The thin solid (dashed) line represents light diffracted from the AOM at the shorter (longer) wavelength with CEPS frequency F 1 ( F 2 ) . DM, dichroic mirror; APD, avalanche photodiode. (b) Spectrum of the OPO signal pulses.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Spectrum of the dual-color signal output from the OPO (solid line) and the overlap with the tunable SSFS pulse from the PCF (dashed lines). Before compensation, the CEPS frequencies of the shorter- and longer-wavelength signal pulses are F 1 and F 2 , respectively. (b) RF spectra of beat frequencies obtained by beating the signal pulses leaving Port A with SSFS pulses tuned to the same wavelengths as the signal pulses. Upper trace, long-wavelength signal pulse beat with a long-wavelength SSFS pulse; lower trace, shorter wavelengths. (c) Similar results for the signal pulses leaving Port B. Comparison with (b) confirms that the difference in the CEPS frequencies of the two coresonant signal pulses is only compensated for those pulses leaving Port A. In (b) and (c), for simplification, the CEPS frequency of the SSFS pulse in the beat frequencies is ignored because the absolute values of F 1 and F 2 are unimportant.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

XFROG measurement results. (a), (b) Temporal intensities and phases of the short wavelength and long wavelength, respectively. (c) Temporal intensity of the synthesized pulse.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Outputs from the AOM

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